Novgorod The Great
The culture of ancient Novgorod
English version - Russian version
General History
Of all the ancient Russian towns Novgorod the Great is undoubt­edly one of the richest in early Russian art, architecture and culture in general. The fact that during the 18th and 19th cen­turies it became something of a provincial backwater explains how it was able to preserve much of its original topography.
Today Novgorod is a veritable museum of early Russian culture. Russian historians, archaeologists and restoration experts are busily engaged in the study and restoration of Novgorod's historical monuments, and thanks to their work many old buildings and frescoes have been returned to their original form. There have been a number of interesting new discoveries in the field of icon-painting.
Archaeological excavations have yielded some particularly fascinating finds. The old narrow streets of the medieval city with their log roadways have been excavated from thick layers which accumulated over the more than one thousand years of the town's history. Numerous remains of wooden houses and out-buildings have been found along these streets.
Many old workshops have been discovered in various parts of the town, bearing witness to the fact that Novgorodian craftsmen produced an extremely large variety of articles ranging from simple clay and wooden vessels to finely wrought jewellery.
Excavations have yielded a vast amount of material throwing light on the everyday life, culture and social structure of the medieval veche republic. The many birch-bark documents found in the earlier layers are of unique historical importance.
After the Second World War The Soviet government allocated considerable sums for the restoration of the town's monuments and set up a Special Resto­ration Commission which immediately began work on the most badly damaged old buildings.
The following churches which suffered a great deal of damage from artillery fire and bombing have now been restored: the Cathedral of St Sophia, the Cathedral of St Nicholas in Yaroslav's Court, the Cathedral of St George in the Yuriev monastery, the churches of St John in Opoki, the Assumption in the Market Place, the Annunciation near the village of Arkazha, SS Peter and Paul on Sinichya Hill, St Parasceve in the Market Place, the Nativity of the Virgin in the Peryn monastery, St Nicholas in Lipno, St Theodore Stratilates on the Brook, Our Saviour in Ilyina Street, SS Peter and Paul in Slavno, the Na­tivity of the Virgin in Molotkovskaya Street, St John the Divine in Radokovitsi, SS Peter and Paul in Kozhevniki, St Blaise in old Volosova Street, St Demetrius of Salonica in Slavkova Street, St Procopius and the Myrrh-Bearing Women in Yaroslav's Court and St Clement and St Nicetas in Moskovskaya Street, the Assumption on Volotovo Field, Our Saviour in Kovalyovo and the Khutyn monastery, the famous Church of Our Saviour in Nereditsa. A considerable amount of restoration work has also been carried out on the walls and towers of the citadel.

History of Culture

Historical Monuments

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