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   Course Title    Criminology
Lecturer    Olena Shostko
Institution    National Law Academy of Ukraine
Country    Ukraine


The field of Criminology has traditionally focused on the crime, criminals, and causes of crime and prevention measures. It is a scientific study of crime and offenders.

The course is addressed to fifth year law students.

This course will attempt to provide a basic synthesis and summary of what is known about the major aspects of Criminology. Students will acquire both an overview of the field and a perspective that will allow them to understand events that impact upon society with a more realistic and balanced view.

In the first half of the course we will analyze the main definition of Criminology like crime, general issues of prevention, methods of Criminology. General Part of Criminology covers these entire problems.

In the Special Part (second half of the course) we will examine in some detail specific criminological types of crime and society’s reaction to them as well as theories that describe and explain regularity of different kind of crime: organized, economic, juvenile etc. Besides this, our attention will be focused on some deviant behavior like alcohol addiction, drug abuse etc. As far as these phenomena are closely related with crime and they have the same root in etiology of crime.

Goals of this course:

  1. To introduce the student to the field of Criminology, to delineate its conceptual boundaries and to review its development. (Criminological literacy).
  2. To familiarize the student with basic concepts, theories, approaches and literature in the field.
  3. To assist the student in developing a deeper understanding of the impact of crime, of society’s reaction on it and of current efforts for improvement and reform in Ukraine.
  4. To provide the student corresponding skills in understanding crime statistics and training to analyze them.

The Calendar and Course Requirements

The course consists of fifteen two-hour lectures and seven two-hour seminars. The lectures will be conducted once a week between September 2 and December 9.

Themes and readings for seminars are arranged (set out) in the criminology educational supplement.

Students will be expected to attend the whole class. Active participation by the students in the seminars is strongly encouraged and will be carefully monitored.

It is expected that students will present their research papers, talk about the problem of crime suggest their own conclusions, as well as prepare all homework.



General Part

Theme 1. Introduction to the course.

Topic Covered:

Definitions, subject and system of Criminology. How is criminology presented? Problems and objectives of Criminology in recent days in Ukraine.

Theme 2. History of Criminology.

Topics Covered:

Classical Criminology (C. Beccaria, J. Bentam). Positive Criminology (C. Lombroso, E.Ferri, R.Garofalo ). Contemporary Criminology in Ukraine, Europe, USA. International criminological organizations.

Theme 3. Methodology and methods of Criminology.

Topics Covered:

Definition of the Methodology and importance for criminological research. The main methods of Criminology: representative sample, survey, interview, expert assessment, experiment, documentary method etc. The use of special methods in criminological research.

Theme 4. Definition, indications of crime and tendency of its development.

Topics Covered:

Measuring crime: methods of collecting data. Crime statistics. Crime rate and crime trends. Measuring characteristics of crime. Latent crime. Description of crime tendencies in Ukraine and in the world.

Theme 5. Theories of the causes of crime.

Topics Covered:

Sociological Theories: Anomie Theory, Strain Theory, Cultural Deviance Theories, Subculture Theories, Social Control Theory. Psychological and Biological Perspectives. Alternative explanation of crime. Theories of crime causes of Ukrainian criminologists.

Theme 6. Personality of Criminal Offender.

Topics Covered:

Main traits of personality. Different approach to the study of personality of offenders (biological, psychological, sociological). Individual characteristics. Typology of offender. Rehabilitation.

Theme 7. Victimology.

Topics Covered:

Victim’s role in crime. Criminal-victim relationship. Victimization, victimization surveys, correlates of victimization. Victim services, victims’ rights and remedies.

Theme 8. Crime Prevention.

Topics Covered:

General Prevention and Special Prevention. Objects of prevention and their main types. Coordination of this activity. Subjects of prevention. Coordination of this activity. Special prevention programs that developed at the regional and national level.

Theme 9. Crime Prevention by the Law Enforcement Agencies.

Topics Covered:

The role of the Militia, Security Service of Ukraine, Customs Service, Tax Inspection, Procuracy and other law enforcement agencies in crime prevention. Coordination of their activity. Legislation and legal procedures.

Special Part

Theme 10. Criminological Reference and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency.

Topics Covered:

Juvenile delinquency crime rate in Ukraine. Personality of juvenile delinquents. Causes of juvenile crime. The role of the conditions of life and education, informal group, antisocial behavior of the adults on the behavior of juveniles. Juvenile Delinquency Prevention in Ukraine and other countries.

Theme 11. Repeat offenders and prevention of their antisocial behavior.

Topics Covered:

Definition of recidivism. Statistics of recidivist crime. Correlations of this type of crime with professional crime. Typology of the personality of habitual offender. Prevention of crime committed by repeat offenders.

Theme 12. White-collar and Organized Crime

Topics Covered:

Definition and Attributes of Organized Crime. Structure of Organized Crime. White-collar crime definitions. Correlation between white-collar and organized crime. Causes of Organized Crime in Present Ukrainian Society. The Types of Organized Crime. Law Enforcement Responses to Organized Crime.

Theme 13. Economic Crime

Topics Covered:

Definition and General Description. Causes and Nature of economic crime. Problems in the compilation of the official statistics. Money laundering and other financial crime. Prevention of money laundering.

Theme 14. Violent Crime and its Prevention.

Topics Covered:

Definition and general description of violent crime. Regional peculiarities of these crimes in Ukraine. Description of the personality of the murderer, assault perpetrator and hooligan. Importance of prevention of domestic violence.

Theme 15 Drug Abuse and other Deviant Behavior.

Topics Covered:

The present situation with drug use in Ukraine. The danger of drug abuse. Connection of drug abuse with crime. Prevention of drug abuse. International Drug Control Strategies. Alcohol addiction and its connection with crime.

Readings for General Part

  1. Kurs Kriminologiiu: Pidruchnyk. U 2 knihakh/ Za 2001
  2. Zelinskiy A.Kriminologiiia: uchebnoe posobie.-Kharkov: Rubikon, 2000
  3. Danshin I. Vvedenie v kriminologicheskuyu nauku.- Kharkov: Pravo.- 1998
  4. Golina V. Poperedjennya zlochunnosti: konspekt lektsiy.-Kharkiv, 1994
  5. Litvak O. Zlochunnist’, ii pruchunu ta profilaktika.- Kyiv, 1997
  6. Filonov V. Sostoyanie, pruchunu prestupnosti v Ukraine i eyo preduprejdenie: Monografiya.- Donetsk: Donechchina, 1999
  7. Zlochunnist’ v Ukraine: Statustuchniy zbirnuk/Derj.Kom.Statustuku Ukraine.- Kyiv, 1998
  8. Tulyakov V. Viktimologiya. Sotsial’nue i ktiminologicheskie problemu.- Odessa, 2000
  9. Zelinskiy A. Metodika kriminologicheskih issledovaniy. Uchebnoe posobie.- Kiev, 1992

Readings for Special Part

  1. Kriminologiia. Osobliva Chastuna: Navchal’niy posibnuk/ Za red. I. Danshina.- Kharkov, Pravo,1999
  2. Golina V.Retsedivna zlochunnist’ v Ukraine: riven’, struktura, dunamika// Visnuk AprNU.-1998.-# 4.-c.147-156
  3. Vasul’kivska I. Simeyne vuhovahhya v Ukraine: shlyahu vdoskonalennya v aspekti zapobigannya zlochinnosti nepovnolitnikh// Pravo Uktaine.- #4.- c.99-102
  4. Gurov A.Professional’naya prestupnost’: proshloe i sovremennost’.- Moskva, 1990
  5. Shostko E. Preduprejdenie organizovannoy prestupnosti v USA i Ukraine: sravnitel’no- pravovoy obzor// Zbirnuk naukovikh prats’ Kharkivs’kogo Tsentru vuvchennya organizovanoi zlochinnosti. Vup.1.- Kharkiv, 2000, c.341-361
  6. Popovich V. Tinova ekonomika.Kyiv, Pravovi djerela, 1998.
  7. Zelinskiy A. Kriminal’naya psuhologiya.- Kiev, Urinkom Inter, 1999
  8. Lanovenko I. Narkotizm i prestupnist’.Kiev, 1994

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