|Course Title||The Problems of Transition in Central and Eastern Europe in the 1990s|
|Institution||Saint-Petersburg East European International Institute|
This course aims to provide a theoretically based analysis of the problem of democratic transition and consolidation of new statehood in the Central and Eastern European countries. The key issue is to figure out the causes for various outcomes of the transformation processes in the countries of the region, though they all initially went the same way of reforms directed to establish a market economy and democratic political system of the Western European or American type. Consequently, the basic methodology of the course is comparative analysis. Transition theory is regarded as an ideal scheme, which students will be able to apply to reality in their future research. Empirical deviations from the ideal type will enable one to understand the reasons for the various results of transition.
The key issues to be investigated include: the applicability of transition theories, the correlation of ideology and analysis in them, the processes of transition in the countries of the region (constitutional engineering and institution-building, parlamentarianism versus presidentialism, party formation, electoral systems, voting behavior and public opinion, privatization), the role of elite, theories of nationalism and state- and nation-building, ethnic conflict regulation, center-periphery relations, federalism and the international dimension of transition processes.
11 lectures are devoted to the problems of transition in post-Soviet states, 7 – in the other Central and Eastern European countries, and the final 2 lectures are of conclusive and summarizing character. By the end of the course students will understand transition models and be familiar with the arguments for and against their applicability to the investigation of the problems of transition in CEE countries.
Students will get the final mark as a mean quantity out of the four marks received for the completion of the following components of the program: