The main objective of the course is to provide students
of journalism, public relations, and book-publishing information about
main theories and key concepts in Sociology and to help them to develop
analytical skills and to understand major social phenomena. The course is
related to other courses taught at the Faculty of Journalism and Mass
Communication, esp. to Social Psychology, Theory of Mass Communication,
Political Science, and Methods for Empirical Research.
Lectures and seminars with discussions on each
- Sociology as a Social Science. Development of sociology as a
social science. Auguste Komte: "social physics". Herbert Spencer: social
Darwinism. Contributions of Max Weber, Emil Durkheim, and Karl Marx.
Parson’s model A-G-I-L. Main empirical methods: questionnaire,
interview, observation, experiment, and content analysis.
Emile. 1933. Division of Labor in Society. New York: Free
- Culture and Socialization. Elements of culture: language,
symbols, values, and norms. Milton Rokeach’s theory about terminal and
instrumental values. Cultural explanation of social change. David
McClelland: achievement motivation. Inglehart’s theory about
post-material values and cognitive mobilization. Agents of
socialization: family, peer group, school, and mass media.
Ronald 1990. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society.
Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Theory of Modernization I: Main Traits and Differences between
Traditional and Modern Societies. Rationalization, secularization,
urbanization. Durkheim: mechanical and organic solidarity. Toennies:
Gemeinchaft and Gesellschaft. Different pace of
Weber, Max. 1976. The Protestant Ethic and the
Spirit of Capitalism. London: Routledge.
- Theory of Modernization II: Variances for Modernization.
Criticism of europocentrism. The modernization of Japan and other
societies in Eastern Asia. Michio Morishima: the role of Confucianism
for Japanese modernization.
Berger, Peter. 1986. The Capitalist
Revolution. Fifty Propositions about Prosperity, Equality, and
Liberty. New York: Basic Books.
- Theory of Civilizations. Main traits of a civilization.
Toynbee’s theory about challenge and response. Differences between
Western and Eastern Europe. Huntington: reactions of non-Western
societies toward Western civilization. Eurointegration of former
socialist countries in the context of civilization theories.
Arnold. 1946. A Study of History. 2 vol. New York: Oxford
Huntington, Samuel. 1996. The Clash of
Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York: Free
- Politics, State, and Civil Society. The meaning of politics.
Type of government: democracy, totalitarianism, authoritarianism,
monarchy, oligarchy, absolutism, etc. Direct and representative
democracy. Almond and Verba: political culture. The concept of civil
society. Revitalization of the idea in Eastern Europe: the rise of
Solidarnost in Poland. Putnam: the role of social capital and
Almond, Gabriel, and Sidney Verba. 1989. The
Civic Culture. Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations.
Newbury Park: Sage Publications.
Putnam, Robert. 1993. Making
Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton:
Princeton University Press.
Kubik, Jan. 1994. The Power of Symbols
against the Symbols of Power. University Park, Penns.: Pennsylvania
- Socialism, Communism, and Marxism. Different branches of
socialism: religious, utopian, ethical, revolutionary. Marx and Engels:
theory of class struggle and criticism of capitalism. Social basis and
superstructure. Split between communists and social democrats. Lenin’s
contribution: the role of the party. Criticism of socialism and
Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. 1978. "Manifesto of the
Communist Party". Tucker, Robert (ed.), The Marx-Engels Reader.
New York: Norton and Company, pp.469-500.
- Socialism in Russia and Eastern Europe. Historical differences
of the development of Eastern Europe and Russia. Istvan Bibo and Jeno
Szuch about the three historical regions in Europe: Western,
East-Central and Eastern. Impact of socialist ideology. Socialism as a
forced modernization. Socialism as a civilization phenomenon: the traits
of Orthodox civilization and socialist development. Differences between
socialist countries in Central and in Eastern Europe: does culture
Szucs, Jeno. 1983. "The Three Historical Regions in
Europe." Acta Historica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 29
Longworth, Philip. 1994. Making of Eastern
Europe. New York: St. Martin's Press.
- Social Change in Eastern Europe Since 1989. Political and
economic reforms in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland as compared
with those in Bulgaria and Romania. The dissolution of Yugoslavia and
the Soviet Union. The rise of nationalism.
Henderson, Karen, and
Robinson, Neil. 1997. Post-Communist Politics. London: Prentice
- Information Society. Debate on post-modern, post-industrial and
information society. Information economy and the decline of industrial
branches of economy. Computer revolution, globalization, multicultural
society. The advent of the Internet and the Web and their social
Toffler, Alvin. 1980. The Third Wave. New York: Basic
- Social Groups and Organizations. Primary groups and secondary
groups. In-groups and out-groups. Reference groups. Industrial
sociology: Taylor, Hawthorne experiment, Maslow’s model of the hierarchy
of human needs.
Aronson, Eliot. 1972. The Social Animal. San
Francisco: Freeman and Company.
- Ethnicity and Ethnic Relations. Patterns of inter-group
relations: genocide, assimilation, segregation, and tolerance. Prejudice
in ethnic relations, discrimination, scapegoating, and self-fulfilling
prophecy. Affirmative action. Ethnical conflicts in Eastern
Merton, Robert. 1968. Social Theory and Social
Structure. New York: Free Press.
- Sociological Theory of the Frankfurt School. The genesis of
critical theory. Adorno: authoritarian personality. Fromm: the escape
from freedom. Marcuse: one-dimensional men. Habermas: the public
Adorno, Theodore, Frenkel-Brunswik, E., Levinson, D., and
Sanford, R. 1950. The Authoritarian Personality. New York:
Habermas, Jurgen. 1989. Structural Transformation of the
Public Sphere. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.