|Course Title||The Politics of Nationalism, Race and Ethnicity|
|Institution||American University - Central Asia|
Askat Dukenbaev, MSc (the University of Edinburgh)- S 2002 Nationalism
Teaching will consist of lectures, discussions of the cases and presentations of the assigned books.
This is a heavy reading course. Students are expected to complete all of the readings before the related class as lectures and class discussions will be premised upon the assumption that you are doing so. If readings are presenting difficulties, either in terms of their content or the level of English, you are encouraged to talk to the instructor at the first opportunity.
The course consists of two parts. The first part of the course will be based on a diverse group of eclectic and intensive readings that will attempt to illustrate the universality of the problematic and will be conducted mainly on a seminar basis. The second part will consist of case discussions and student presentations. The presentations will be based on assigned books.
Attendance and participation in class discussions:30 %
Book presentation: 30%
Paper (4,000-5,000 words): 40%
Total possible: 100%
94-100 = A, 90-94 = A-, 87-89 = B+, 83-86 = B; 80-82 = B-, 77-79 = C+, 73-76 = C, 70-72 = C-,
67-69 = D, 63-66 = D, 60-62 + D-, less than 60 = F.
The word ‘plagiarism’ derives from the Latin plagiarius, a kidnapper: to take and pass off another’s thoughts, writings, words etc., as one’s own. (Oxford Dictionary of Current English)
Plagiarism is an act of academic dishonesty, the consequence of which is failure for the course. If there are any questions as to what constitutes plagiarism it is your individual responsibility to ask one of us. If either of us have even the slightest question we will require an oral defense of the paper, documented sources, etc. No excuses will be accepted. DON’T DO IT!!!!)
The assigned readings are in the Course Reading Kit. They will mainly come from the following works:
In the assigned readings below these books will be referred to respectively as HSN (Hutchinson and Smith, Nationalism), HSE (Hutchinson and Smith, Ethnicity) BSR (Bulmer and Solomos, Racism), RGF (Griffin, Fascism), SNM (Smith, Nationalism and Modernism) with the corresponding page numbers.
In addition to the above-mentioned books, students are encouraged to read related books as well as articles from Central Asian Survey (1998-2001) available at the ICP Departmental Library and make use of several excellent Internet web resources, which provide additional information on theories and practices of nationalism around the world. In particular, you may find the following English-language web-sites useful:http://www.lse.ac.uk/Depts/European/Asen/nat-nationalism.htm - Journal of the Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism.
theory, especially as concerns nations and nationalism
PART I: THEORIES AND APPROACHES IN NATIONALISM STUDIES
a. Definitions: HSN, pp.3-46.
b. Definitions: HSE, pp.3-31, BSR, pp.3-56; "Soul Man: Alexander Pushkin, The Black Russian" in Transitions, #84 (Vol. 9, #40), pp.42-61.
a. Theories: Modernism: HSN, pp.47-96.
b. Theories: Modernism: Umüt Ozkirimli, Theories of Nationalism, pp.85-165
a. Theories: Primordialism: HSN, pp.96-103, 122-131; HSE, pp.32-104; RGF, 53-55, 97-101, 104-115
b. Theories: Primordialism: Ozkirimli, pp.64-83; SNM, pp.145-169
a. Theories: Ethno-Symbolism: HSN, pp.103-121, 134-159; A.D. Smith, "The Ethnic Sources of Nationalism" in Survival, 35/1, 1993; HSE, pp.187-235.
b. Theories: Ethno-Symbolism: Ozkirimli, pp.167-189; SNM, pp.170-198
a. Theories: Race: Steve Fenton, Ethnicity, Racism, Class and Culture, pp.61-87; Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks, pp.109-140; O.C. Cox, Caste, Class and Race, pp.392-422; RGF, 190-191, 208-211, 214-222.
b. Theories: Race: HSE, pp.238-262; BSR, pp.329-387
PART II: BOOK PRESENTATIONS AND CASE DISCUSSIONS
a. Book presentation: Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, pp.1-7, 136-143
(the presenter reads entire book)
b. Case discussion: "Ruritania" (E.Gellner)
a. Book presentation: Suny, The Revenge of the Past, pp.1-19
b. Book presentation: G. Smith, et al, Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands: The Politics of National Identities, pp.1-20
a. Discussions on Ethnicity and Nationalism in Russia and the post-Soviet States
Valery Tishkov. ‘Ethnicity in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Context’ and ‘Soviet Ethnic Engineering: Success and Failure’ from Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union: the Mind Aflame, 1997, pp. 1-23, 24-43.
Ilya Prizel. ‘Russia’s national identity and the accursed question: a strong state and a weak society’ and ‘Russian identity and the Soviet period’ from National identity and Foreign Policy: Nationalism and Leadership in Poland, Russia and Ukraine, 1998, pp.153-179, 180-238
Pal Kolsto, ‘Russia: the Old Center versus the New – Versus the Periphery’, from Political Construction Sites: Nation-Building in Russia and the post-Soviet States, 2000, pp.194-227
Pal Kolsto, ‘Ukraine: Building a nation on Marginal Differences’, from Political Construction Sites: Nation-Building in Russia and the post-Soviet States, 2000, pp.168-193
Ilya Prizel, ‘Ukraine: the ambivalent identity of a submerged nation, 1654-1945’ from National identity and Foreign Policy: Nationalism and Leadership in Poland, Russia and Ukraine, 1998, pp.339-338
b. Discussions on Ethnicity and Nationalism in Russia and the post-Soviet States
[All readings from Pal Kolsto, Political Construction Sites: Nation-Building in Russia and the post-Soviet States, 2000]:
Pal Kolsto, ‘Belarus: the Dog that Didn’t Bark’, pp.152-167
Pal Kolsto, ‘Nation-Building in Two Bicultural States: Latvia and Kazakhstan’, pp.105-137
Pal Kolsto, ‘Two Romanians, Two Moldovas’, pp.138-151
Pal Kolsto, ‘Comparisons and Conclusions’, pp.228-256
a. Discussions on Nationalism and National Identity in Central Asia
Olivier Roy. The New Central Asia: the creation of nations, 1997, chapter 4, pp.50-84;
Steven Sabol, ‘The Creation of Soviet Central Asia: the 1924 national delimitation,’ Central Asian Survey, 14 (2), 1995, p.225-241
b. Discussions on Nationalism and National Identity in Central Asia
Ainura Elebayeva, Nurbek Omuraliev and Rafis Abazov, ‘The Shifting identities and Loyalties in Kyrgyzstan: the Evidence from the Field’, Nationalities papers 28 (2), 2000, pp.343-349
Shahram Akbarzade, ‘Nation-building in Uzbekistan’, Central Asian Survey, 15 (1), 1997, p.23-32
Shahram Akbarzade, ‘A Note on Shifting Identities in the Ferghana Valley,’ Central Asian Survey, 16 (1), 1997, p.65-68
Pal Kolsto, ‘Anticipating Demographic Superiority: Kazakh Thinking on Integration and Nation-Building’, Europe-Asia Studies, 50 (1), 1998, pp.51-69
Nick Megoran. ‘Theorizing gender, ethnicity and the nation-state in Central Asia’, Central Asian Survey, 18 (1), 1999, p.99-110
Joma Nazpary. ‘Ethnic tension’ from Post-Soviet Chaos: Violence and Dispossession in Kazakhstan, 2002, pp.146-175
Valery Tishkov. ‘The Russians are Leaving: Central Asia and Kazakhstan’ from Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union: the Mind Aflame, 1997, pp. 115-134
a. Book presentation: Anderson, Imagined Communities, pp.1-7, 187-206
b. Case discussion: Azamat Sarsembaev. Imagined communities: Kazak nationalism and azakification in the 1990s. Central Asian Survey, 18 (3), Sep., 1995, pp. 319-346
a. Book presentation: Liah Greenfeld. Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity, pp.3-26, 191-274, 487-491
b. Book presentation: Laitin, Identity in Formation, pp.3-35, 346-363
Case discussions on Nations and Nationalism in the ‘Third World’:
James G.Kellas, ‘Nationalism in the ‘Third World’, South Africa, and the Middle East’, from Politics of Nationalism and Ethnicity, 1991, pp.117-134
Kosaku Yoshino. ‘Rethinking theories of nationalism: Japan’s nationalism in a marketplace perspective’, from Consuming Ethnicity and Nationalism: Asian Experiences, 1999, pp.8-28
Dru C. Gladney. Representing nationality in China: refiguring majority/minority identities, from Consuming Ethnicity and Nationalism: Asian Experiences, 1999, pp.48-88
a. Book presentation: Smith, The Ethnic Origins of Nations, pp.1-18
b. Book presentation: Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism Since 1780, pp.1-13, 163-192
Cases on the role of language and nationalism in Europe and the former USSR:
[All readings from Stephen Barbour and Cathie Carmichael, Language and Nationalism in Europe, 2000]:
Anne Judge. France: ‘One state, One Nation, One Language?’, pp.44-82
Carlo Ruzza. Language and Nationalism in Italy: Language as a Weak Marker of Identity, pp.168-182
Barbara Tornquist-Plewa. Constructing Ethnic Nationalisms: Eastern Central Europe, pp.183-220
Peter Trudgill. Greece and European Turkey: From Religious to Linguistic identity, pp.240-263
Cathie Carmichael. Coming to Terms with the Past: Language and Nationalism in Russia and its Neighbors, pp.264-289
Valery Tishkov. ‘Cultures and Languages in Conflict’ from Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union: the Mind Aflame, 1997, pp. 84-113
a. Book presentation: Stephen Cornell. Ethnicity and Race, 1998, pp.XV-XIX, pp.1-14, 233-252
b. Cases on Race and Identity Construction: Stephen Cornell. Case Studies in Identity Construction from Ethnicity and Race, 1998, pp.102-152
a. Summary: HSN, pp.287-325; Fenton, pp.212-238; Ozkirimli, pp.190-211; SNM, pp.199-220
b. Course evaluation and conclusions.