|Course Title||Slavic Items and development of nationalism in 19th Century Russia|
|Institution||Samara State University|
The aims of the course are to study the relations between the development of the Russian social- political thought and Slavic Items, origin of national self- identity in Russia. The main problems are:
This special course is a part of the long-term course on Russian history and culture. It is the addition of the mentioned course for second year students.
Chronological frame: The first stage Ė from 18th Century till 50 years of 19 century (Thatís the time when Russian society is beginning to be conscious itself.) The second stage - 60-80s years of 19 century. Thatís the period of political activity of Russian society, when it start to use ideas and theories in practice.
Course Requirements: Final exam and final paper (15-20 pp.) Regular class reports and discussion of reading, which will be divided among seminar participants.
Main methods to study Russian social and political thought used by Russian historiography (pre-Revolutionary, Soviet and modern stages). Foreign historiography traditions: primary interest in Russian history in 40-70s years of 19 century (Slavic history chairs opened in Berlin, Vienna), activity of American East society. The period of aspiration study of Russian thought (80-90s years of 19 century). The main problems of foreign historiography in years of Cold war and ideas of modern scholars (I. Berlin, A. Walicki, A. Vucinich).
The main sources on history of Russian thought (theoretical books and articles, social and political journalism, memories and correspondence). Methodology: Positivistic theory of conservative historians (C.F. Olídenburg). The theory of lineal progress developing by liberals (A.A. Kornilov, V.V. Leontovich). Marxist historiography. Foreign methodology Ė Intellectual history. Modern methodology discussions (A.S. Ahiezer, IU. Pivovarov)
Russian "Reflections on the revolution in France" (18- 19 centuries)
Rapid growth period of nobility education. The ideology of Enlightenment is predominated: very popular is the conception of individuality and society. Influence of European thinkers on Russian thought (The Note of Catherine the Great to state committee).
Connections of Russian society with Europe and theire attitude to European way of life and thinking (Fonvisinís "Letters from abroad", Karamzinís "Letters of Russian traveler").
Responce to the French Revolution: E. Burke "Reflections on the Revolutions in France", R. Chateabriand "Memories After the Grave". Liberal reforms of Alexander I and it influence on nobility: Constitutions ideas of Decembrists and Karamzinís "Memories of Ancient and Modern Russia".
The term "Slavs" start to use as a synonym of "Russian" Ė the Shishkovís circle and his contemporaries.
Origin of Slavophilism in Russia: the ideas of Slavic unity and "Organic development"
Different reactions on European thought and ideals in Russian society (P. Chaadaev). The problem of history trends of Russia in social thought: the young part of "Moskvitianin" journal.
Historical theories of slavophiles: people and political power in Russian history, Specific connections between Tsar and people Ė the people rejected to have a political power (A.S. Khomiakov and I. Kireevskii). Contrast between external and internal truth, Russia and Europe, orthodox and catholic religions in works of Slavophiles Also they told about necessity of advanced Russian state in base of internal truth (truth of common people).
Slavic thinkers and Russian public opinion: Russian slavists (Pogodin, Gilferding etc.) The most part of Moscow liberal circle rejected slavophiles theories.
"The slaves are the aliens for Western Europe" and idea of "Narodnost" in Russian social and political thought
"Narodnost" as a state employment: Theory of official Narodnost. (S.S. Uvarov). Controversy of official ideology and society. Different ways to understand "Narodnost" idea.
Developing of organic theory and origin of political nationalist theories. Influence of Crimean war and Polish rebellion: intellectual shock for Russian society. "Narodnost" idea in work of "native soul" thinkers (A.A. Grigoriev, F. M. Dostoevskii). Katkovís "Moscow news" and it influence on society opinion. Growing of nationalistic trends: new works of Dostoevskii and Strakhov and theirs extend from cultural meaning of "native soul" movement. N. Danilevskii and his book "Russia and Europe" (the theory of culture-historical types). "Russia and Europe" is a turning moment in the developing of national ideology (more policy, rejected of progress idea).
Progress in the development of the Slavic Items during the age of "Great reforms": liberal ideology and nationalistic trends.
Political theory of liberalism: the idea of natural low of individuality (Chicherin), different ways of state organization (Kavelin). Evolution of Russian societyís views on conservative and liberal mind in the beginning of the Alexander II reign. Liberalism in opinion of "State history school": S.M. Solovíev and his theory of societyís evolution from family organizations to state.
Liberal and "Narodnost " (Nationality) trends in Russian society and their discussions in journals and newspapers: "Vestnik Evropy" (Courier of Europe), "Russkaia Beseda" (Russian Conversation), "Vremia" (Time) and "Epocha" (Epoch).
Russian political conservators and Slavs in the second half of 19th century
New type of conservatism was formed on the bases of liberal political ideals and national ideology: State and citizenship society definitions, predomination of policy over internal manís world and state profit idea. Katkov Ė Dostoevsky, Samarin Ė Fadeev discussions. Polish rebellions and their influence on Russian-Slavs connections.
Draw the conservative ideas to State ideology. Age of conservative in the reign of Alexander III: practical character of new conservatism ideology. Russian conservatives and society. Russian society negative reflection towards conservatism and government.
Seminars and tutorials
1. Slavophiles views on Russian State
Discussion: Khomiakov A.S. "O starom i novom" (On Ancient and Modern)
Kireevskii I.V. "Deviatnadtsatyi vek" (19th century)
Aksakov I.S. "O russkom vozzrenii" (On Russian views)
Items for discussion
2. Historical and political ideas of M.P. Pogodin
3. Panslav movement in Russia and Slavic countries
Milojkovic-Djuric J. Panslavism and National Identity in Russia and in the Balkans. 1830-1880. Images of the self and others. N.Y., 1994.