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   Course Title    Introduction to Nationalism Studies
Lecturer    Daria Dergatcheva
Institution    Ural State University
Country    Russia


Description of the course:

The studies of nationalism in Russia are either absent or limited to the several components of the overall phenomenon. Ethno-sociology, as an established track of sociology, represents a confusing mixture of ethnography and conflict studies. There is a great need to classify the diverse research, to introduce students to nationalism studies, theories and empirical research that have been developing for years in the West. One of the intentions of this course is to introduce the students to the definition and structure of such a broad phenomenon as nationalism. The course is designed for the 4th year students of the Sociology and Political Science Departments. It consists of 20 academic hours. Since the course is directed at the students that already know some methodological instruments, the emphasis will be put on the analysis of concrete cases by the students, in order for the course to be as interactive as possible.

In this course the theoretical basis of nationalism will be presented, and followed by the examples of nationalist movements and creation of new "nation-based" states at the end of the 20th – beginning of the 21st century. The case studies of nationalism will be narrowed to the regions of Eastern Europe and the NIS countries. During the last three classes, it shall be the students’ responsibility to identify such cases and to initiate discussions during the class. The course itself will be in a format of workshops and lectures combined together. The participants will have to deliver a final report in the form of an essay, in which they will apply the studied material on either of the cases suggested.

Requirements:

  1. Attendance – 20% of the grade

  2. Active participation during workshops (including readings and presentations; active participation in discussions and roundtables) – 30% of the grade

  3. Essay (ca. 3000 words) – 50% of the grade

 

Course Outline

1. Definitions: nation – different views on the term: Renan, Weber, Stalin, Deutsch, Geertz, Giddens, Connor.

2 academic hours

Sources:

Hutchinson J. Smith A. Nationalism (a reader). New York: Oxford University Press 1994 pp. 15-47

2. Difference between the usual usage of the notion "nationalism" in Russia and the Western social science. Comparison of the term usage and analysis of the appearance of misunderstanding. 2 academic hours

Suggested Readings:

Russian Usage of the term (Sources)

Zlatopolskyi, D.L. "Federation and the National Question: historical experience of the Soviet Union"// Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, series 11 (Law); 1998, # 5

Arutunyan, U.V. "National-Cultural Development and the National Consciousness"// SOCIS, 1990, #7

Western Usage (Sources)

Gellner, E. Nations and Nationalism. Moscow, 1999 pp 1-10

Eriksen, T.H. Ethnicity and Nationalism. London: Pluto Press, 1993. pp 1-35

The Longman Dictionary

3. Basic terms and concepts that will be used during the class: ethnicity; stereotypes; minorities; identity. The students are required to prepare a glossary of terms: make a research on meanings in various sources. Each student will choose (or be assigned) one term, and the discussion will be based on the results of each individual’s work. In the end it is expected to reach the conclusion of various meanings of each notion. 2 academic hours

Suggested readings:

Russian Sources

Agaeya, A.G. Nation, its essence and self-consciousness// Voprosy Istorii 1967, #7

Arutunyan, U.V. Ethnosociology: aims, methods, some results of the research, Moscow, 1989

Gasanov, N.M. National Stereotypes and the "View of an Enemy", Moscow, 1994

Western Sources

Smith, A.D. The Ethnic Origins of Nations. Oxford: Blackwell. 1986

Gellner, E. Culture, Identity and Politics. Cambridge University Press, 1987

Bromley, Urii. Ethnos and Ethnography, Moscow, 1973

Anderson, B. Imagined Communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. Verso, 2nd ed. 1991

Gellner, E. Nations and Nationalism, Moscow, 1999

Pinkus, Benjamin "The Extra-Territorial National Minorities in the Soviet Union, 1917-39: Jews, Germans and Poles." In Mendelson Edna (ed by) Studies in Contemporary Jewry. An Annual III. Jews and Other Ethnic Groups in a Multi-Ethnic World, Great Britain: Oxford University Press, 1987 pp 72-98

4. Theories of nationalism: Kedourie, Gellner, Hobsbawm, Brass, Anderson, Smith.

Russian nationalism of 19th century.

The purpose of this class is to provide a brief introduction into the major works on the theories of nationalism, and start viewing examples through Soloviev’s thoughts on a particular case of what we now would call Russian nationalism

Two presentations on E. Gellner and V. Soloviev are expected during the second half of the class.

2 academic hours.

Suggested readings:

Russian Sources

Soloviev, V. "The Russian Idea" // Russkaya Ideya, Moscow, 1992

Iliin, I.A. Sobranie Socinenii in 10 volumes, volume 2 Book 1, Moscow, 1993, p. 431

Kovalenko, V.I., and Goloshumov, E.V. "Russian Idea as a Scientific Problem of the Contemporary

Russian Political Science"// Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Series12 (Political Science), 1998, # 4.

Western Sources

Gellner, E. Nations and Nationalism, Moscow, 1999

Gellner, E. Culture, Identity and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1987

Smith, A.D. The Ethnic Origins of Nations. Oxford: Blackwell. 1986

Seton-Watson, H. Nations and States. London: Mathuen, 1977

Hutchinson J., Smith A. Nationalism. New York: Oxford University Press 1994

5. Nationalism and the State in fSU countries: case studies. USSR as an artificial federation: principles of co-existence. Separatism and the conflicts as an outcome: macro and micro levels. Russian chauvinism and imperialism. 4 academic hours. For the 3rd and 4th hour, the students are expected to make small presentations of the Mass Media articles they found on the topic.

Suggested readings:

Russian Sources

Furman, D. "Karabakhskii conflict: national drama and communal fight" // Svobodnaya Mysl’1994 #11

Ormrod, J. The North Caucasus: Fragmentation or Federation in Nations and Politics in The Soviet

Krupnik, I. "National Question in USSR: Searching for Explanation"// Vek, 1990, #3

Volkov, V. "The Role of the Native Language of Russian-speaking Youth in Integrational Processes of Latvia"// Ethnographicheskoe Obozrenie, 1999, #6.

Western Sources

Successor States ed. by Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras , Cambridge University Press, USA, 1994

Hoskins, Geoffrey, "A History of the Soviet Union 1917 – 1991» London: Fontana Press, HarperCollins Publishers, 1992

Mass Media reports 1995 – 2001

Anderson Malcolm, "States and Nationalism in Europe since 1945", Routledge, 2000

6. Nationalistic Mythologies. Mythologies of "small nations". 2 academic hours

Suggested readings:

Russian Sources

Dergatcheva, D. "Myths of the Chechen Republic on the Internet", unpublished paper (under the supervision of Z.Mach)

Western Sources

Anderson, B. Imagined Communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. Verso, 2nd ed. 1991

Lowenthal, D. The Past is a foreign country, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA, 1990.

Lucchitta, R. The Mythology of Small Nations in a Reader for "Comparative Sociology of Transitional Countries", 1998.

Mach, Z. Symbols, Conflict and Identity. Albany: SUNY Press, 1993.

7. Mythologies of the Russians. Other NIS countries’ mythologies. A student roundtable debate. 2 academic hours

Suggested Readings:

  1. Mass Media reports; Internet sources relevant to the subject (years 1995 – 2001)

  2. Eriksen Thomas "Ethnicity and Nationalism", 1993

8. Nationalism in Russia versus nationalism in contemporary Central and Eastern Europe.

2 academic hours

Suggested Readings:

Russian Sources

Gasanov, N.M. National Stereotypes and the "View of an Enemy", Moscow, 1994

Chlenov, Mikhail A. "Jewish Communities and Jewish Identities in the Former Soviet Union" in Webber

Jonathan (ed by) Jewish Identities in the New Europe, London: The Oxford Centre For Hebrew and Jewish Studies, 1994

Shumeiko, V.F. "Russia will be Great"// Rossijskaya Gazeta, 19th November, 1993

Western Sources

Mach, Z. Symbols, Conflict and Identity. Albany: SUNY Press, 1993

Verdery, K. "Ethnic Relations, the Economy of Shortage and the Transition in Eastern Europe"(manuscript)

9. Conclusions: the students present and discuss the plans for intended research work in the form of an essay: 2 academic hours

List of Readings

Agaeya, A.G. Nation, its essence and self-consciousness// Voprosy Istorii 1967, #7

Anderson, B. Imagined Communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. Verso, 2nd ed. 1991

Anderson Malcolm, "States and Nationalism in Europe since 1945", Routledge, 2000

Arutunyan, U.V. "National-Cultural Development and the National Consciousness"// SOCIS, 1990, #7

Arutunyan, U.V. Ethnosociology: aims, methods, some results of the research, Moscow, 1989

Chlenov, Mikhail A. "Jewish Communities and Jewish Identities in the Former Soviet Union" in Webber Jonathan (ed by) Jewish Identities in the New Europe, London: The Oxford Centre For Hebrew and Jewish Studies, 1994

Dergatcheva, D. "Myths of the Chechen Republic on the Internet", unpublished paper (under the supervision of Z.Mach)

Eriksen, T.H. Ethnicity and Nationalism. London: Pluto Press, 1993.

Furman, D. "Karabakhskii conflict: national drama and communal fight" // Svobodnaya Mysl’1994 #11

Gasanov, N.M. National Stereotypes and the "View of an Enemy", Moscow, 1994

Gellner, E. Culture, Identity and Politics. Cambridge University Press, 1987

Gellner, E. Nations and Nationalism. Moscow, 1999 pp 1-10

Hoskins, Geoffrey, "A History of the Soviet Union 1917 – 1991» London: Fontana Press, HarperCollins Publishers, 1992

Hutchinson J., Smith A. Nationalism. New York: Routledge 2000

Iliin, I.A. Sobranie Socinenii in 10 volumes, volume 2 Book 1, Moscow, 1993

Kovalenko, V.I., and Goloshumov, E.V. "Russian Idea as a Scientific Problem of the Contemporary Russian Political Science"// Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Series12 (Political Science), 1998, # 4.

Krupnik, I. "National Question in USSR: Searching for Explanation"// Vek, 1990, #3

Lowenthal, D. The Past is a foreign country, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA, 1990.

Lucchitta, R. The Mythology of Small Nations in a Reader for "Comparative Sociology of Transitional Countries", 1998.

Mach, Z. Symbols, Conflict and Identity. Albany: SUNY Press, 1993

Ormrod, J. The North Caucasus: Fragmentation or Federation in Nations and Politics in The Soviet Successor States ed. by Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras , Cambridge University Press, USA, 1994

Pinkus, Binyamin "The Extra-Territorial National Minorities in the Soviet Union, 1917-39: Jews, Germans and Poles." In Mendelson Edna (ed by) Studies in Contemporary Jewry. An Annual III. Jews and Other Ethnic Groups in a Multi-Ethnic World, Great Britain: Oxford University Press, 1987 pp 72-98

Seton-Watson, H. Nations and States. London: Mathuen, 1977

Shumeiko, V.F. "Russia will be Great"// Rossijskaya Gazeta, 19th November, 1993

Smith, A.D. The Ethnic Origins of Nations. Oxford: Blackwell. 1986

Soloviev, V. "The Russian Idea" // Russkaya Ideya, Moscow, 1992

Verdery, K. "Ethnic Relations, the Economy of Shortage and the Transition in Eastern Europe"(manuscript)

Volkov, V. "The Role of the Native Language of Russian-speaking Youth in Integrational Processes of Latvia"// Ethnographicheskoe Obozrenie, 1999, #6.

Zlatopolskyi, D.L. "Federation and the National Question: historical experience of the Soviet Union"// Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, series 11 (Law); 1998, # 5



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