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   Course Title    Contemporary Political Ideologies
Lecturer    Emanuel Ionute Crudu
Institution    West University of Timisoara
Country    Romania




The purpose of the course of Contemporary Political Ideologies is to provide a systematic, comprehensive, comparative and critical introductory understanding and examination of the concept of ideology in the history of modern political thought, in its first section, and in a second section, to introduce, present, compare and critically analyse the main contemporary political ideologies. The course focuses in its first section on facing major definitions, interpretations and understandings of the concept of ideology within the western tradition of political thought, with an emphasis on authors as Karl Marx, Karl Mannheim, Frankfurt School, Max Weber, Albert Camus, Raymond Aron, Karl Popper, Michael Oakeshoat and Daniel Bell. In the second section the core contemporary political ideologies are in focus, such as: conservatism, liberalism, nationalism, Christian and social democracy, fascism, socialism, communism, feminism, ecologism. A maximum importance is given to the fidelity to the source, to critical and objective interpretations, and most of all to a comparative framework for the analysis of different ideologies.

The main goal of the course is to provide students with a guide for understanding the concept of political ideology, in strict and direct relation with the main sources (texts and interpretations) and also to offer an outline for the different aspects of several contemporary ideologies focused mainly on forming the critical and conceptual apparatus of analysis for a further and more specific study. It will also try to offer a general framework for the interpretation of the ideological presence in the Central and Easter European space and of course in the Romanian political area.

The course of Contemporary Political Ideology is a two semester compulsory course for second year students in the Faculty of Political Science, West University of Timisoara, Romania. A semester has twelve weeks.

Course Syllabus:

Part I: From ideology to ideologies

Week one: Conceptual Introduction and Typologies of Interpretations: The Concept of Ideology.

  1. HEYWOOD, Andrew, Political Ideologies: An Introduction, MacMillan Press LTD, London, 1998
    Introduction: Understanding Ideology
  2. BALL, Terence; DAGGER, Richard, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, Longman, 1998.
    Chapter I. Ideology and Ideologies.
  3. LAWSON, Kay, The Human Polity: An Introduction to Political Science, Houghton, Mifflin, 1989.
    Chapter 3. Political Ideologies

Week two: The pejorative understanding of ideology: Karl Marx (I)

  1. BALL, Terence; DAGGER, Richard, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, Longman, 1998.
    hapter 5. Communism and Socialism: more about Marx.
  2. Marx, Karl; ENGELS, Friedrich, The German Ideology: Including Thesis on Feuerbach, Prometheus Books, 1998.
    Vol. I. Part one and Part two.

Week three: The pejorative understanding of ideology: Karl Marx(II)

1. Marx, Karl; ENGELS, Friedrich, The German Ideology: Including Thesis on Feuerbach, Prometheus Books, 1998.

Vol. II. The Critique of the German Socialism in the person of its prophets.

  1. ***, The Cambridge Companion to Marx, Ed. By Terrel Corver, Cambridge University Press , 1999.

Cap.6. Moral philosophy,: the critique of capitalism and the problem of Ideology.

Week four: Karl Mannheim and the concept of ideology.

  1. MANNHEIM, Karl, Ideologie et Utopie, Librairie Marcel Riviere et Cie, Paris, 1956.

    1. PARTIE. Ideologie et Utopie; pp.41-123.

    2. PARTIE. La mentalite utopique; pp.124-234.

Week five: Ideology and critical thought: The Frankfurt School – Herbert Marcuse.

  1. MARCUSE, Herbert, One Dimensional Man : Studies in Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society, Beacon Pr., 1992.

Week six: The technique and science as ideologies – Jurgen Habermas.

  1. HABERMAS, Jurgen, The technique and science as ideologies (romanian:"Tehnica si stiinta ca ideologie”, în Tendinte si Orientari în Filosofia Contemporana: Scoala de la Frankfurt, Caiet Documentar, Nr.2/1978, Academia Stefan Gheorghiu – Universitatea Bucuresti.pp.161-189)

Week seven: Albert Camus and the true rebel.

  1. CAMUS, Albert, The Rebel : An Essay on Man in Revolt, Vintage Books, 1991.

Week eight: The intellectuals and ideology.

  1. ARON, Raymond, L’opium des intellectuels, Gallimard, 1968.
    Chapter VIII. Les intellectuels et leurs ideologies; pp.324-359
    Fin de l’age ideologiques; pp. 410-435.
  2. BAUMAN, Zygmunt, Legislators and interpreters, Polity Press, 1989.
    Chapter 7. Ideology or building the world of ideas; pp.96-109

Week nine: The end of ideologies ?

  1. HEYWOOD, Andrew, Political Ideologies: An Introduction, MacMillan Press LTD, London, 1998.
    Chapter.11. Conclusion: Ideology without end ?; pp.319-325.
  2. BALL, Terence; DAGGER, Richard, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, Longman, 1998.
    Chapter 9. The future of ideology.

Week ten: The end of ideology revisited.

  1. BELL, Daniel, La fin de lideologie, Commentaire, Nr.42, Ete, 1988.
  2. NORRIS, Christopher, Uncritical theory – Postmodernism, Intellectuals and the Gulf War, Lawrence & Wishort, London, 1992.
    Chapter 6. The End of Ideology Revisited; pp.126-158.
  3. BAUDRILLARD, Jean, L’illusion de la fin ou: La greve des evenements, Galille, Paris, 1992.

Week eleven: From ideology to ideologies: the need for a functional definition.

  1. EAGLETON, Terry Ideology : An Introduction, Verse Books, 1991.
  2. BALL, Terence; DAGGER, Richard, Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal, Longman, 1998.
    Chapter I. Part two: For a functional definition.
  3. HAWKES, David, Ideology (The New Critical Idiom), Routledge, 1996.

Week twelve: Workshop.

Discussions on meanings and interpretations of the concept of ideology.

Part II: Introducing contemporary political ideologies.

(Semester II)

All reading materials are part of the reader.

Week one: Liberalism I: Introducing Liberalism: origins and ideas.

  1. UN Declaration of Human Rights. (1948)
  2. CONSTANT, Benjamin . On the Liberty of the Ancients versus that of the Moderns.
  3. LOCKE, John, Letter On toleration.
  4. LOCKE, John, The Second Treatise of Government in Two Treatises of Government

Week two: Liberalism II: Classical Liberalism.

  1. MILL, John-Stuart, On Liberty.
  2. MILL, John-Stuart, Principles of Political Economy.

Week three: Liberalism III: Welfare State Liberalism

  1. RAWLS, John (1971). A Theory of Justice.
  2. RAWLS, John (1993). Political Liberalism.

Week four: Liberalism IV: Neo-classical liberalism.

  1. KEYNES, John Maynard (1973 [1936]). The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
  2. NOZICK, Robert, Anarchy, State and Utopia.

Week five: Political Conservatism I: Origins, Ideas.

  1. BURKE, Edmund, Reflections on the Revolution in France.
  2. OAKESHOTT, Michael, Rationalism in Politics.
  3. OAKESHOTT, Michael, On being conservative.

Week six: Political Conservatism II: The end of Conservatism ?

  1. GRAY, John, Beyond Conservatism and Liberalism.

Week seven: Socialism.

  1. JAURES, Jean, From the Rights of Man to Socialism
  2. LUXEMBURG, Rosa, Democracy and Dictatorship
  3. ROSELLI, Carlo, Liberal Socialism
  4. PACHTER, Henry M., Aphorisms on Socialism

Week eight: Communism.

  1. .LENIN, V.I., What is to be done?
  2. GRAMSCI,Antonio,The Revolution against Capital
  3. STALIN, Josef, The Dictatorship of the Proletariat.
  4. TUNG, Mao Tse, On the Correct Handling of Contradictions among the People

Week nine: Fascism and Nazism.

  1. MUSSOLINI, Benito, Fundamental Ideas.
  2. RIVERA , Jose Antonio Primo de, What the Falong Wants
  3. HITLER, Adolf, Mein Kampf
  4. BAUMAN, Zygmunt, Modernity and Holocaust.

Week ten: Anarchism.

  1. CROWDER, John, The Anarchism.r
  2. SOUCHY, Augustin, Conclusion for Beware Anarchist: A Life for Freedom
  3. BUBER, Martin, In the Midst of Crises
  4. WOLFF, Robert Paul, Beyond the Legitimate State

Week eleven: Nationalism: - Is Nationalism an Ideology ?

  1. BRUBAKER, Roger, Myths and Misconceptions in the Study of Nationalism
  2. TAYLOR, Charles, Nationalism and Modernity.

Week twelve: The ideologies of freedom : Feminism and Ecologism.

  1. LIPOVETSKY, Gilles, The third woman.
  2. ROSE, Melanie, The Contemporary Study of Feminism

 



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