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   Course Title    History of Architecture and Arts in Macedonia
Lecturer    Jasmina Hadzieva Aleksievska
Institution    "St. Cyril and Methodius" University Skopje
Country    Macedonia

I. Aim of the Course



Students (future architects) should:

  • acquire skills to study directly the positive and negative examples of the past.
  • develop within them the ability to make researches in the field of the development of the architectural forms in their own country comparing them at the same time with the developments in the World.
  • develop a capacity of creative thinking for the transposition possibilities in the inherited architecture and art.



Students should:

  • recognize and explain the architectural and the art concepts authentic for Macedonia
  • be able to interpret the changes of the fundamental concepts, the manner of transformation, the reasons.
  • understand and be able to evaluate the architectural and the art inheritance in their own country as a part of the World's inheritance.
  • be able to recognize and explain the impacts of the external cultures in Macedonian Architecture and Art and vice-versa.
  • as future architects, be prepared to reinterpret in practice the old forms in new and modern ones.

II. Role of The Course in The Overall Degree Curriculum


This course represents an ending of the series of courses that study the general development of architecture and art (in Europe, the Mediterranean basin and the Near East).

This ending position of the Course enables the students to make right conclusions on the facts, the influences, the values etc.


III. Methods Used Pedagogical Approach


1.      Theoretical study ( I level)

2.      Study in situ-monitoring (II level)

3.      Learning through research (III level)

This method provides three study levels. It is imagined as a process in which the students from passive listeners (I level) gradually will pass into active participants (II level) and at the end they, themselves examine the facts their knowledge and  draw their own conclusions (III level).


Levels Explanation


  • Oral explanation with slide projections (in classroom)
  • Oral explanation with discussions in museums  (in front of exhibits for particular topics)
  • Direct study in situ
  • Visits to architectural buildings with in situ explication (case study)
  • Direct study through several days visits to buildings, locations, historical urban areas in the country (the conception of each excursion may vary, and the choice of a location may be related to a particular topic (space and form evolution, typology, morphology etc.)
  • Researches in the field
  • In the course of the semester, the students grouped in work teams of 4-5 are engaged in research project guided by the teacher and the assistant.

Project's Concept

         Researches in field (architectural technical measuring, analysis of existing situation, chronology of changes)

         Study and collection of written documentation and collection of memory documents, literature)

         Processing of collected documents (analysis, reconstruction, compositions etc.)




VI Course Content


Logic of the subject matter

1.      Time Chronological Development

2.      Causal- Greece, Rome, Byzantium, Slavs, Ottoman Turkish Empire

3.      Forms of expression:      Architecture;

Arts (Paintings, Relief, Sculpture);

Applied Art (design);






A.     Stone and Metal Ages in Macedonia and correlation with the neighboring regions

1.      Magic, myth and beginnings of art forms   (painting, sculpture , relief)

2.      Aegean migrations and beginnings of architecture and settlements in Middle Balkans and Macedonia


B.    The Classical Period

1.      Early Classical Period Payonia

2.      Late Classical Period and Early Christianity

  1. Thessaloniki penetration of early cultural influences into the Balkans up to Danube
  2. Late Classical Settlements on the grounds of Macedonia
  3. Secular and Sacral Architecture
  4. Fine Arts and Decorative Art


C. Architecture and Art in Macedonia from IX to XIV century

1.      Byzantium and its cultural influences to the first South Slavic Balkan States


2.      Architecture in Macedonia from IX to XI century (Christianization of Slavs; architecture in the time of the holly teachers Clement and Naum in the Samuel's State

3.      Architecture in Macedonia from XI to XII century (Reaffirmation of Byzantine cultural influences; fundamental concepts; transformation; aspects of authenticity



4.      Architecture in Macedonia from XII to XIV century; court (imperial) and local architectural concepts; architecture in Macedonia in the time of the independent Slavic States (Serbia, Bulgaria)


5.      Art in Macedonia from IX to XIV century

            a) Fresco painting

      b) Icon painting

      c) decorative plastic


6.      Style parallelisms in architecture and art


D. Architecture and Art in Macedonia from the XV to the end of the XVIII century

1.      Social, political and cultural transformations

during the Ottoman's Rule; cultural dualism

a) Osmanli-Balkan architectural school


2.      Osmanli's architectural and urban achievements on the grounds of Macedonia

  1. Urban transformation of cities


  1. Secular architecture (typology,morphology, evolution, transformation)
  2. Sacral architecture (typology,morphology, transformation)


3.      Christian architecture and art during the Turkish period (dying out of the old sacral centers, strengthening of monastery centers outside the urban cores)


Beginning of Miachki's architectural, carving and painting school


E. Sacral architecture and art in Macedonia in XIX century revival period

1.         Formation of architectural construction schools- Debar's and Veles' Schools and their influence to the Balkan architecture


2.         New architectural type  of churches- Architect Andreja Damjanov, his contemporaries and followers

3.         Transformation of the sacral art and demolition of the Byzantine Canon

The flourishing of carving and icon painting


                                                                                        Total: 15 weeks


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