|Course Title||Constitutional Comparative Law of European Union Countries|
|Institution||Law University of Lithuania|
Aim of the course.
The course seeks to acquaint students of the Law University of Lithuania to national constitutional law of EU countries. The objective of the course is to provide students with relevant skills to independently evaluate constitutions of EU countries from the comparative point of view, perceive national constitutional law of EU countries, as well as pertinent problems and ways of solutions.
Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum.
Comparative constitutional law is delivered alongside with Lithuanian national constitutional law and focuses on EU and worldwide experience. The processes taking place in EU are very important in the accession phase. Therefore it has been decided to teach Constitutional Comparative Law of European Union Countries at Law university of Lithuania, faculty of Public Administration, for Master’s degree students. It corresponds the general trend of the university – to study national law of Lithuania in the context of EU accession. Apart form Constitutional Law students also analyze EU Criminal law and Civil law form the comparative perspective.
The programme consists of eleven topics, its volume of which is 2 credits. The course is taught at Master’s level, second semester. It consists of lectures, seminars, seminar/discussions, two interim check up tests, two colloquies, two tests and the final exam.
1. Unification of European Union countries. European Union member states. The process of constitutional law.
- European Union institutions. European Union law and constitutional law of states of European Union. Aspects of subordination.
- European Union a new type of unification of states. Assumptions of European Union formation, goal and principles.
2. European Union member and candidate states. The process of constitutional law of candidates states ( Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia etc.). Harmonization of constitutional law of states and European union law.
3. European Union constitutional law as a curriculum subject. Constitutional law in national system of law in European union countries.
4. Constitutional models of European union states.
- Classification of constitution of European Union states. The content and legal, political and ideological peculiarities of constitution.
- The variety of concepts of constitution. Major stages of development of constitutions of European Union and world stages.
5. Constitutional state of person in European Union countries.
- Regulation of personal rights and freedoms at national constitutional level.
- Ways to solve collisions between national and EU law in the sphere of Human Rights protection
6 Constitutional protection in European Union. Variety of models of constitutional justice.
- Constitutional courts in Germany, Austria and Spain.
- Constitutional council in France
7. Constitutional regulation of political parties and other public organizations at European Union countries. Political parties and organizations, other public bodies in European union states.
8. Variety of state forms in European Union states and their regulation in constitutions.
- The concepts of state form and government form. The variety of state forms in European Union countries and world.
- Monarchy in European Union (Sweden, Denmark, Spain). Republic: parliamentary and semi-parliamentary forms of government (Austria, Germany, France).
9. Constitutional models of legislative and executive powers at European Union states.
10. Constitutional models of court power and system.
- Constitutional regulation of independence of courts in European union. The principle of separation of powers and independence of courts in European Union states.
- Constitutional status of judges.
11. Territorial structure (system) and political regime of European Union states.