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   Course Title    Constitutional Comparative Law of European Union Countries
Lecturer    Gediminas Mesonis
Institution    Law University of Lithuania
Country    Lithuania


Aim of the course.

The course seeks to acquaint students of the Law University of Lithuania to national constitutional law of EU countries. The objective of the course is to provide students with relevant skills to independently evaluate constitutions of EU countries from the comparative point of view, perceive national constitutional law of EU countries, as well as pertinent problems and ways of solutions.

Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum.

Comparative constitutional law is delivered alongside with Lithuanian national constitutional law and focuses on EU and worldwide experience. The processes taking place in EU are very important in the accession phase. Therefore it has been decided to teach Constitutional Comparative Law of European Union Countries at Law university of Lithuania, faculty of Public Administration, for Master’s degree students. It corresponds the general trend of the university – to study national law of Lithuania in the context of EU accession. Apart form Constitutional Law students also analyze EU Criminal law and Civil law form the comparative perspective.

Methods used.

The programme consists of eleven topics, its volume of which is 2 credits. The course is taught at Master’s level, second semester. It consists of lectures, seminars, seminar/discussions, two interim check up tests, two colloquies, two tests and the final exam.

Course content.

1. Unification of European Union countries. European Union member states. The process of constitutional law.

- European Union institutions. European Union law and constitutional law of states of European Union. Aspects of subordination.

- European Union a new type of unification of states. Assumptions of European Union formation, goal and principles.

2. European Union member and candidate states. The process of constitutional law of candidates states ( Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia etc.). Harmonization of constitutional law of states and European union law.

3. European Union constitutional law as a curriculum subject. Constitutional law in national system of law in European union countries.

4. Constitutional models of European union states.

- Classification of constitution of European Union states. The content and legal, political and ideological peculiarities of constitution.

- The variety of concepts of constitution. Major stages of development of constitutions of European Union and world stages.

5. Constitutional state of person in European Union countries.

- Regulation of personal rights and freedoms at national constitutional level.

- Ways to solve collisions between national and EU law in the sphere of Human Rights protection

6 Constitutional protection in European Union. Variety of models of constitutional justice.

- Constitutional courts in Germany, Austria and Spain.

- Constitutional council in France

7. Constitutional regulation of political parties and other public organizations at European Union countries. Political parties and organizations, other public bodies in European union states.

8. Variety of state forms in European Union states and their regulation in constitutions.

- The concepts of state form and government form. The variety of state forms in European Union countries and world.

- Monarchy in European Union (Sweden, Denmark, Spain). Republic: parliamentary and semi-parliamentary forms of government (Austria, Germany, France).

9. Constitutional models of legislative and executive powers at European Union states.

10. Constitutional models of court power and system.

- Constitutional regulation of independence of courts in European union. The principle of separation of powers and independence of courts in European Union states.

- Constitutional status of judges.

11. Territorial structure (system) and political regime of European Union states.

Readings

A. Mandatory

  1. Banaszak B., Preisner A. Prawo konstitucyjne. Wprowodzenie. Wroclaw, 1993.
  2. Bulavas J. Buržuaziniu valstybiu konstituciniai institutai. Vilnius, 1968.
  3. Berger V. Europos žmogaus teisiu teismo jurisprudencija. Vilnius, 1997.
  4. Burgess J.W. Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law. Boston, 1986.
  5. Cappelletti M. Le pouvoirs des juges (articles choisis de droits judiciaire et constitutionnel comparé). Paris, 1990.
  6. Cappelletti M., Cohen W. Comparative constitutional law. Cases and materials. Indianapolis, 1979.
  7. Cooter D. Robert. Strategic Constitution. N.Y., 2000,
  8. Dicey A.V. Konstitucines teises studiju ivadas. Vilnius, 1998.
  9. Europos Taryba: Pagrindines veiklos kryptys ir rezultatai. Vilnius, 1996.
  10. Garlicki L. Sadownictwo konstitucyjne w Europe zachodnej. Warszawa, 1987.
  11. Garlicki L. Ewoliucia konstytucjonalizmu w Eurpoie Wshodnej// Panstwo i Prawo, 1994 Nr.4.
  12. Glendon M.A., Gordon M.W., Osakwe Ch. Vakaru teises tradicijos. Vilnius, 1993.
  13. Jamroz A. Status konstytucyj ny prezydenta Francji //Panstwo I Prawo// 1990 Nr. 9.
  14. Holmes St. O metodzie zmian konstytucji w panstwach Europy Wschodnej. //Panstwo I Prawo, 1998 Nr. 8.
  15. Lamentowicz W. Šiu laiku valstybe. Vilnius, 1998.
  16. Lauvaux P. Le parlamentarisme. Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1987.
  17. Remeris M. Valstybe, t. I. Vilnius, 1995.
  18. Remeris M. Valstybe, t. II. Vilnius, 1995
  19. Sarnecki P. Prezydent jako organ czuwajacy nad prestrzeganiem konstytucji. //Panstwo I Prawi, 1990 Nr.11.
  20. Sokolewicz W. Konstytucjonalizm europejski I nowa Polska konstitucja // Panstwo i prawo, 1992 Nr.8.
  21. Staatsrecht der Bundesrepublic Deutschand. Bon: Bundeszentrale fur politische Bildung, 1995.
  22. The National Constitutions and European Integration. Warsaw, 1995.
  23. Zelgler H. Politine bendruomene. Kaunas, 1993.
  24. Vareikis E. Parlamentai, rinkimai, rinkejai.//Naujasis židinys, 1992, Nr. 11.
  25. Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. Bonn, 1995.
  26. Constitution of the countries of the World. Oceana Publications, New York, I - XX t., 1994.
  27. Constitution of the Chech Republic of 16 December 1992. Brno, 1997.
  28. Constitution de la Roumanie 1991. Constitution of Romania 1991. Monitorul Oficial. Bucuresti, 1994.
  29. Constitution of the Republic of Poland. Warsawa, 1997.
  30. Constitution of the Slovak Republic. Bratislava, 1996.

B. Recommended

  1. Avril A. Giquel J. Lexique. Droit constitutionnel. Paris, Presses universitaires de France, 1986.
  2. Colliard J.C. Les régimes parlamentaires contemporains. P., Presses de la FNSP, 1978.
  3. Dreyfus F., dArcy Fr. Les institutions politiques et administratives de la France. P., 4e ed, Economica, 1993.
  4. Hart H.L.A. Teises samprata. Vilnius, 1997.
  5. Hesselberger D. Das Grundgesetz. Kommentar fur der politische Bildung. Bonn, 1995.
  6. Glowacki A. System konstitucyjnyj Belgii. Warszawa, Wydewo Sejmowe, 1997.
  7. Jungtiniu Amerikos Valstiju Konstitucija. Produced by USIA Regional program office, Vienna.
  8. JAV valdžios sandara. USA, Regional programe office, Viena.
  9. Schuck H.Peter The Limits of Law. Boston, 1998.
  10. Tribe L. H. American Constitutional Law, second edition. New York, 1988.
  11. Žmogaus teises. Tarptautiniu dokumentu rinkinys. Vilnius, 1991.


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