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   Course Title    National and International Mechanisms of Human Rights' Guarantees
Lecturer    Alexander Kosmodemianski
Institution    Novosibirsk Humanitarian Institute
Country    Russia


The course is divided into 5 sections. Each section consists of 2 lectures and 1 seminar, i.e. 30 course hours.

 

1. The theory of the mechanism of Human Rights’ guarantees.

a. The problem of theory and practice in the mechanism of Human Rights’ guarantees.

b. The definition of the Mechanism of Human Rights’ Guarantees as a whole system (the structure, the kinds of guarantees: social, constitutional, administrative, judicial, international etc.).

c. Legislation is the basis of the juridical mechanism of Human Rights’ guarantees.

 

2. Human Rights and the Legal State.

a. The contents and principles of the Legal State.

b. The role of Civil Society in the mechanism of Human Rights’ guarantees.

c. The relations between the Individual and the State.

d. The realization of the principle “Everything is allowed if it is not forbidden by law”.

 

3. The internal/domestic mechanisms of Human Rights’ guarantees .

a. Modern problems of law observation in different countries.

b. The correlation of social and juridical security of Human Rights’ guarantees.

c. National juridical security’s guarantees of Human Rights’ protection.

d. Kinds of guarantees; the activity of legal protection bodies (police, prosecutor offices etc.); the role and place of the courts in the system of the security of Human Rights; parliaments and special committees; the authorities of special representatives of Human Rights (ombudsmen).

e. The comparison of the juridical guarantees in different countries.

 

4. Internalization of Human Rights.

a. The stages of Human Rights’ internalization.

b. The theory of 3 generations of Human Rights.

c. The review of international conventions and declarations in the area of international Human Rights’ protection.

 

5. The international mechanisms of Human Rights’ guarantees.

a. Theoretical and practical issues in the international protection of Human Rights.

b. International cooperation in the United Nations context, OSCE, EC etc. as a basis of the international mechanisms of Human Rights’ guarantees.

c. The structure, characteristics and constituent parts of the mechanisms.

d. The analysis of the activity of the special Human Rights’ agencies including not only the prevailing views and interpretations but also some dissenting opinions.

e. The activity of the Council of Europe and the European Union in the area of Human Rights’ protection and the necessity of Russia’s active participation in this process.

f. The application of international experience in the field of Human Rights’ guarantees in the Russian legal system.

 

Mandatory Readings

Lukasheva E.A. Human Rights. Moscow; Norma, 2001

Saharov A.D. Peace, Progress, Human Rights. Leningrad, 1990

Kartashkin V.A. Human Rights in International and Internal Law. Moscow, 1995

Sajo A. Limiting Government. Budapest, Central European University Press, 1999

Betten L., Grief N.   EU Law and Human Rights. L. and N.Y.; Longman, 1998

 

Recommended Reading

Shaw J.   Law of the European Union. N.Y.; Palgrave, 2000

Forsythe D.   Human Rights in International Relations. Cambridge, 2000

Robert P.George, Series Editor   Great Cases in Constitutional Law. Princeton, New Jersey, 2000

Shelton D.   Remedies in International Human Rights Law. Oxford, 1999

Jacob H., Blankenburg E. etc. Courts Law and Politics in Comparative Perspective. New Haven and L.; Yale University Press, 1996



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