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   Course Title    Anglo-Saxon Criminal Law: A Comparative Approach
Lecturer    Balázs József Gellér
Institution    Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Legal Institute
Country    Hungary


Students:

Second Year Law Students at the Faculty of Law of the University Loránd Eötvös and the University of Gyõr

Course Description:

  1. Penal Policy - Penal Law
    a) Moral, social and political content of penal policy
    b) Definition of protected values, the notion of harm
    c) Criminal law in the European Union
    (Ashworth, 22-57;
    Dannecker;
    Devlin, in The Philosophy of Law, 66- 82;
    Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously, 241-265;
    Feinberg, 31-64;
    Hart, Law, Liberty, and Morality;
    v. Hirsch;
    Tiedemann)

  2. The English and American Legal Systems and the Place of Criminal Law
    a) The common-law system
    b) Precedent in English and American criminal law
    (Ashworth, Principles of Criminal Law, 1-21;
    Cardozo, 51-180;
    Cross, 3-38;
    de Smith, 14-49; 320-338;
    Jones, T.H.;
    Fletcher, 59-114;
    Zander, 190-293)

  3. a) The Principle of Legality
    b) Constitutional Duty of the State as Regards Criminal Law
    (Ashworth, 58-92;
    Fuller,  The Morality of Law, chapter II;
    Hall, 27-64;
    Lewisch, 53-134;
    Lippold;
    Lüderssen;
    Jeffries, 189-219;
    Jones, M.T.;
    Rawls,  A Theory of Justice, 235-243;
    Roxin, 91-125;
    A.T.H. Smith, 100 LQR (1984);
    Wiener, ACTA JURIDICA (1997) No. 2)

  4. International Co-operation in Criminal Matters and International Crimes
    a) Extradition
    b) Legal assistance in procedural matters
    c) Transfer of criminal procedure
    d) Transfer of the execution of punishment
    e) Acknowledging a foreign judgement
    (Bassiouni,  International Extradition (to be announced);
    Bassiouni,  Extradition in the USA (to be announced);
    Gellér - Polt (forthcoming);
    Hlavathy;
    Marquardt;
    Meron;
    Reichart;
    Rinio;
    Wiener (1993))

  5. The Concept of a Criminal Offence
    a) Scholarly concepts
    b) Formal and material unlawfulness
    c) The didactic concept of the criminal offence (at the commission of the offence etc.)
    d) The objective and the subjective side of the offence
    e) The concept of penalty
    (Androulakis;
    Fletcher, 393-419; 454-577;
    Gellér (1997) No. 2;
    Krey, (1971);
    Roxin, 8-35;
    Smith-Hogan, 3-8)

  6. Act and Omission
    a) Actus reus
    b) The concept of acting
    (Ashworth, 93-110;
    Feinberg, 126-186;
    Fletcher, 420-438, 585-634;
    Hart, The Philosophy of Law, 90-112;
    Roxin, 177-208;
    Smith-Hogan, 9-30, 52-64)

  7. Causation
    (Ashworth, 118-131;
    Feinberg, 165-170;
    Györgyi;
    Hart and Honoré,  Causation in the Law, chapters 1, 2, 5;
    Jescheck, 251-55;
    Triffterer,  123-26;
    Roxin, 279-297;
    Smith-Hogan, 38-46)

  8. Subjective Side of the Criminal Offence (Mens Rea)
    Intention
    (Ashworth, 151-175;
    Fletcher, 439-453;
    Hart, in Punishment and responsibility, 113-135;
    Roxin, 345-435;
    Smith-Hogan, 71-89)

  9. Recklessness
    (Ashworth, 175-200;
    Hart, 136-157;
    Roxin, 886-920;
    Smith-Hogan, 90-120)

  10. Inchoate crimes
    a) The complete criminal offence
    b) Attempt
    c) Preparation of the commission of a crime
    (Ashworth, 442-470;
    Fletcher, 131-197, 225;
    Smith-Hogan, 331-384)

  11. The Parties to an Offence
    a) Principals
    b) Accessories to a crime
    (Ashworth, 409-441;
    Fletcher, 634-682;
    Roxin, 126-137;
    Smith-Hogan, 193-244)

  12. Excuses and Justifications
    a) Justified defence
    b) Necessity
    c) Threat and duress
    d) Provocation
    (Ashworth, 217-229;
    Fletcher, 759-834, 855-876;
    Hart, The Philosophy of Law, 28-53;
    Roxin, 528-686, 797-861;
    Smith-Hogan, 277-330)

  13. a) Infancy
    b) Insanity
    c) Intoxication
    (Ashworth, 201-207;
    Crofts, 214-228;
    Fletcher, 835-854;
    Maguire, 1119-1160;
    Roxin, 726-762;
    Smith-Hogan, 135-157, 263-276)

  14. Mistake
    (Ashworth, 230-238;
    Fletcher, 683-758;
    Roxin, 503-514, 763-796;
    Smith-Hogan, 126-134, 151-156, 542-545)

  15. Interpretation of Criminal Norms
    (Ashworth (1991);
    Amsterdam;
    Gellér, (1997, forthcoming);
    Roxin, 100-110;
    Jeffries, 219-243;
    Krey, (1989);
    Smith, S. D.;
    Willock;
    Zander, 105-189)

  16. Homicide
    (Ashworth, 254-301;
    Fletcher, 235-390;
    Hart, in The Philosophy of Law, 54-89;
    Smith-Hogan, 394-459)

  17. Abortion and Criminal Law
    (64/1991. (XII. 17.) AB határozat;
    Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973);
    Dworkin, 44-129;
    Finnis;
    Thomson;
    further reading to be announced)

  18. Sexual Offences
    (Eur. Court H.R., SW;
    Eur. Court H.R., CR;
    Ashworth, 334-358;
    Smith & Hogan, 488-497)

  19. Theft
    (Ashworth, 359-385;
    Fletcher, 3-58;
    Gellér, MAGYAR JOG (1997) No. 4;
    Smith-Hogan, 510-562)

  20. Freedom of Speech and Criminal Law I.
    (30/1992. (V. 26.) AB határozat;
    36/1994. (VI. 24.) AB határozat;
    Gellér, ACTA JURIDICA (1997) (forthcoming);
    Györgyi, (1990))

  21. Freedom of Speech and Criminal Law II.
    (R.A.V. v. United States, 112 S.Ct. 2538, 120 L.Ed. 2d 305(1992);
    Dworkin (1996), 195-226;
    Gellér, handout of manuscript;
    Scanlon;
    Shiffrin, 2-60, 65-71, 112-122, 160-183, 204-241;
    Winer)

  22. Freedom of Speech and Criminal Law III.
    (Bán, MAGYAR JOG (1994) No. 7, 407-420;
    Gellér, handout;
    Harris, 356-416)

  23. The Punishment
    The Principles of Punishment
    (Feinberg, 187-217;
    Fletcher, 408-419;
    Hart, 1-27;
    Gross;
    Maguire, 861-948;
    McTaggart;)

  24. Death Penalty and Euthanasia
    (23/1990. (X. 31.) AB határozat;
    Coker v. Georgia, 433 U.S. 584 (1977);
    Dworkin (1996), 130-146;
    Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238 (1972);
    Gregg v. Georgia, 428 U.S. 153 (1976);
    Harris, 44-48;
    further reading to be announced)


Reading
(Cases are not included in the reading list)
 

AMSTERDAM, A.G.,  The Void-for-Vagueness Doctrine in the Supreme Court, 109 UNIV. PENN. L. REV. (1960) 67

ANDROULAKIS, Nikolaos K.,  Über den Primat der Strafe, 108 ZTSW (1996) 300-332

ASHWORTH, A.,  Interpreting Criminal Statutes: A Crisis of Legality?, 107 LQR (1991) 419-449

Principles of Criminal Law (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 2nd ed., 1995)

BÁN, Tamás,  A véleménynyilvánítás szabadsága az európai emberi jogi egyezményben, MAGYAR JOG (1994) No. 7, 407-420

BÁRD, Károly,  Európai büntetõpolitika, in KIRÁLY TIBOR EMLÉKKÖNYV (1995), 149-158

BASSIOUNI, C.,  International Extradition, (to be announced)

Extradition in the USA, (to be announced)

CARDOZO, Benjamin, N.,  The Nature of the Judicial Process, (New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1949)

CROFTS, Thomas,  Die strafrechtliche Verantwortlichkeit von Kindern in England, 108 ZSTW (1996) 214-228

CROSS, Rupert - HARRIS, J. W.,  Precedent in English Law, (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 4th, ed., 1991)

DE SMITH, Stanley - BRAZIER, Rodney,  Constitutional and Administrative Law, (England, Penguin Books, 7th ed., 1994)

DANNECKER, Gerhard, 51 Juristen Zeitung (1996) 869-880
 

DWORKIN, Ronald,  Taking Rights Seriously, (Great Britain, Duckworth, 1977, 7th, imp., 1994)

Freedom's Law.  The Moral Reading of the American Constitution, (New York, Oxford University Press, 1996)

FEINBERG, Joel,  Harm to Others, (New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1984) 31-61, 126-186, 187-217

FINNIS, J.,  The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion, in THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (ed. by R.M. Dworkin, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1977), 129-152

FLETCHER, George, P.,  Rethinking Criminal Law, (Boston, Toronto, Little, Brown and Company, 1978)

FULLER, L. L., The Morality of Law, (New Haven, London, Yale University Press, revised ed., 1969)

GELLÉR, B.J.,  A "büntetés" fogalma az emberi jogok és alapvetõ szabadságok védelmérõl szóló Egyezmény 7. Cikkének 1. bekezdésében, MAGYAR JOG (1997) No. 2

A súlyos gazdasági bûncselekményekkel kapcsolatos nyomozás és vádképviselet Nagy-Britanniában, MAGYAR JOG (1997) No. 4

The Interpretation of Criminal Norms and the Prohibition of Analogy (1997) (forthcoming)

GROSS, Hyman,  Culpability and Desert, in PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (ed. by J. Feinberg and H. Gross, Belmont, Cal., Wadsworth Publishing Company, 3rd ed, 1986), 646-653

GYÖRGYI, K,  Tokaji Géza felfogása az okozati összefüggésrõl és újabb fejlemények az okozatossági tanban in TOKAJI-EMLÉKKÖNYV (Szeged, 1996) 85-100

GYÖRGYI, K. - Mrs. KÓNYA, I. - MARGITÁN, É.,  Az állam elleni bûncselekményekre vonatkozó rendelkezések módosításáról (Budapest, 1991)

HALL, J., General Principles of Criminal Law, (Indianapolis, New York, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 2nd ed., 1960)

HARRIS, D. J., O'BOYLE, M. and WARBRICK C.,  Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (Butterworths, London, Dublin, Edinburgh, 1995)

HLAVATHY, Attila,  Európai integráció és bûnügyi jogsegély a közép-kelet-európai államok és a nyugat-európai államok között Magyarország pédáján, MAGYAR JOG (1996) No. 3, 145-151

JEFFRIES, J.C., Legality, Vagueness, and the Constitution of Penal Statutes, 71 VA. L. REV. (1985) 189-243.

JESCHECK, H.-H.,  Lehrbuch des Strafrechts.  Allgemeiner Teil (Berlin, 4th ed., 1988)

JONES, M. T., Judicial Law Making in Scots Criminal Law, 100 L.Q.R. (1984) 360

JONES, Timothy H.,  Common Law and Criminal Law: the Scottish example, [1990] CRIM. L. R. 292

KREY, V., Der Begriff der Strafe in der Rechtsprechung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts, 83 ZTSW (1971) 405

Gesetzestreue und Strafrecht. Schranken richterlicher Rechtsfortbildung, 101 ZStW (1989) 838

LIPPOLD, R., Die Strafbarkeit der DDR-Spionage und ihre Verfassungsmässigkeit, NJW 1992

LÜDERSSEN, Kontinuität und Grenzen des Gesetzlichkeitsprinzieps bei grundsäzlichem Wandel der politischen Verhältnisse, 104 ZStW (1992) 735

MARQUARDT, Paul D.,  Law Without Borders: The Constitutionality of an International Criminal Court, 73 COLUMB. J. OF TRANS. L. (1995)

MAGUIRE, Mike, MORGAN, Rod, and REINER Robert,  The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1996)

MERON, Theodor,  War Crimes in Yugoslavia and the Development of International Law,  88 A.J.I.L. (The American Journal of International Law) 78 (1994)

MCTAGGART, J. E.,  Hegel's Theory of Punishment, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ETHICS 6 (1896), 482-502

REICHART, Matthias,  Die Bemühungeb der Vereinten Nationen zur Schaffung eines „Weltstrafgesetzbuches", ZRP 134

RAWLS, J.,  A Theory of Justice, (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1973)

RINIO,Carsten,  Die Ausliefereng eigener Staatsangehöriger, 108 ZTSW (1996) 354-393

ROXIN, Claus, Strafrecht, Allgemeiner Teil, (C.H. Beck´ssche Verlagsbuchhandlung, München, 1994)

SCANLON, T.,  A Theory of Freedom of Expression, in THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (ed. by R.M. Dworkin, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1977), 153-171

SMITH, A.T.H., Judicial Law Making, 100 LQR (1984) 46-76

SMITH, Steven D., Idolatry in Constitutional Interpretation, 79 VIRG. L. REV. 583- 631 (1993)

TIEDEMANN, K.: Europäisches Gemeinschaftsrecht und Strafrecht, NJW 1993, 23ff.

THOMSON, J.J.,  A Defence of Abortion, in THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW (ed. by R.M. Dworkin, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1977), 112-128

WIENER, I. A.,  Nemzetközi bûnügyi jogsegély (Budapest, MTA Állam- és Jogtudományi Intézet, Közgazd. és Jogi Kiadó, 1993)

The Necessity Test Relevant to the Codification of Criminal Law ACTA JURIDICA (1997) No. 2 (forthcoming)

WILLOCK, Ian D., The Declaratory Power - Still Indefensible, PART 2 THE JURIDICAL REV. 97 (1996)

WINER, S., The R.A.V. Case and the Distinction Between Hate Speech  Laws and Hate Crime Laws, 18 WM. MITCHELL L.R. 971, (1992)

ZANDER, Michael,  The Law-Making Process (4th ed. Butterworths, London,1994)





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