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   Course Title    Human Rights and Democracy
Lecturer    Asel Stamova
Institution    Institute of Public Administration and Social Research
Country    Kyrgyzstan


Aim of the course: To give students basic knowledge and understanding of theory and practice of human rights and democracy in order to contribute to building legal state in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Duration: 36 hours

Lectures: 18 hours

 

Lecture 1: Essence of Human Rights

The definition of Human Rights from different points (international law, philosophy, history, political science etc). The Correlation of Human Rights and Freedoms. The indivisibility, interdependence, inelienability, and universality of Human Rights. Negative and positive Human Rights. Personal (civic), political, social-economic and cultural rights. 3 generations of Human Rights.

 

Lecture 2: Origin and genesis of Human Rights

Human Rights in Antiquity (Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Demosfen, Pifagor, Cicero).

Religious origins of Human Rights (The Bible, The Coran, Mahayana Buddism).

Human Rights in the Middle Ages. (St.Thomas Aquinas, Magna Charta)

Habeas Corpus Act. Hugo Grotius, John Locke. Voltaire, Rousseau.

French and American Revolutions. The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. The United States Declaration of Independence. Bill of Rights.

 

Lecture 3: International legal basis of Human Rights

Elaboration and adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. UN International Covenant on Civic and Political Rights. UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Basic Conventions on Human Rights. International Documents on Human Dimension.

 

Lecture 4, 5: Mechanisms of providing and protection of Human Rights

Levels of existing mechanisms: international, regional, and national.

Judicial and non-judicial mechanisms of Human Rights protection.

Role and activity of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

The Human Rights protecting UN organs (commissions, special missions, reporters etc)

Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe. European Court on Human Rights.

The Institution of Ombudsman in the world practice.

 

Lecture 6: Protection and providing of Human Rights in Kyrgyzstan

Legal Basis: Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic. Corresponding codes and governmental programs. International agreements, conventions and covenants ratified by the Kyrgyz Republic.

Governmental mechanisms of Human Rights protection.

President as a guarantee of Constitution. Jogorku Kenesh as a major legislative body. Judicial system as a guarantee of justice. The functions and powers of the Constitutional court. Governmental institutions of Human Rights protection.

Public institutions of Human Rights protection (NGOs, trade unions, international organizations, mass media, local governments)

 

Lecture 7: Essence of democracy

Political regimes, typology.

The notions of democracy. (Gerodot, Aristotle, Lincoln, French encyclopedists)

Origins of democracy. The principles of democracy.

 

Lecture 8: Democratic Public Administration

The separation of powers. The principle of check-and-balances.

Public administration in the Kyrgyz Republic. Institute of Presidency, Parliament, local governments, public administration reform, decentralization.

 

Lecture 9: Political parties

Elections (notion, characteristics, functions of elections, electoral systems)

Political parties (notion, structure , functions, classification of parties).

Party system in the Kyrgyz Republic.

 

Seminars: 18 hours

Seminars include regular role plays, situation modeling, discussions and debates, preparation of the group project and case study. These methods imply high level of interaction between the teacher and the students and what is more important - between the students themselves, helping them to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities and see the connection between the theory and the practice. Application of these methods significantly increases the efficiency of teaching contributing to better learning and reverse connection (from students to teacher) as well as democratization and flexibility of teaching process.

During the course each student has to present a course paper devoted to one of the studied problems (10-15 pages). One seminar is a round table devoted to the discussion of the course papers prepared by the students.

Last 2 seminars are the mock trial which let students reveal all knowledge gained by them during the course.

 

Grading

Fist module test 20%
Second module test 20%
Research essay 25%
Participation 10%
Mock trial 25%



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