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   Course Title    International Relations Theory
Lecturer    Sartika Soesilowati
Institution    Airlangga University
Country    Indonesia


This unit is designed to explore theoretical perspectives on international relations and to survey their relevance in understanding contemporary issues and developments in world politics. The first section begins with a consideration of the question ‘what is international relations as an academic subject and achievement’. It explores how international relations as a discipline grows. It also examines how that agenda and subject matter are changing. It then moves to question the use of theory in International Relations.

The second section examines the distinguished perspectives or approaches in academic debate about international relations. It begins with an examination to the dominant perspectives of realism and liberalism. The following course will survey ‘the English School’ of international relations and the questions it poses about ‘international society’. The course then moves to explore the Marxism and critical thinking. This leads into a survey of other perspectives – feminist, and constructivist.

In the final section, the focus will shift to an examination of some major theoretical propositions about contemporary world politics. We consider such questions as whether contemporary global politics should be characterized as ‘the end of history’, a ‘clash of civilizations’, ‘a fragmentation of the states’, globalism, or regionalism era. It explores the images of perpetual peace, democratization, global governance on the one hand and conflict and fragmentation one the other.

 

Course Requirements and Distribution of Marks

  1. Student will be expected to complete the required readings for each week.
  2. Student will be expected to engage in active and informed participation in seminar sessions. This participation will account for 10 % of the course grade.
  3. Each student will be expected during the course of the term to prepare one short essay of approximately 750 words. This essay will account for 10 % of the course grade.
  4. An essay of approximately 3,000 words is to be completed by each student and submitted in the end of the class seminar. This essay will account for 40 per cent of the course grade.
  5. There will be a final course examination that will account for 40 percent of overall marks

 

Seminar Program

Section 1: IR as an Academic Subject

Seminar 1: International Relations as an Academic Subject and Achievement

Seminar 2: Theory in the study of International Relations

Seminar 3: The Theoretical Debate

Section 2: Theoretical Perspectives

Seminar 4: Realism, Neo-Realism, and Critiques.

Seminar 5: Liberalism: propositions, variations, and critiques

Seminar 6: The English School of International Relations

Seminar 7: Marxism and Critical Theory

Seminar 8: Feminist Perspective

Seminar 9: The Constructivist

Section 3: Theorizing Contemporary World Politics

Seminar 10: A Balance of Power?

Seminar 11: The End of History

Seminar 12: Globalism

Seminar 13; A Fragmenting World

Seminar 14: A Clash of Civilization

Seminar 15: Regionalism

 

General References:

Aart Scholte, Jan, 2000, Globalization : a Critical Introduction, London, and Mac Millan Press Ltd.

Baylis, John and Steve Smith, (eds.), 1997, The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York, Oxford University Press.

Booth, Ken and Steve Smith, (eds.), 1995, International Relations Theory Today, Cambridge, Polity Press.

Brown, Chris, 1997, Understanding International Relations, London, Macmillan.

Clark, Ian, 1999, Globalization and International Relations Theory, New York, Oxford University Press.

Donnely, Jack, 2000, Realism and International Relations, University Press, Cambridge.

Doyle, Michael W. and G. John Ikenbery, 1997, New Thinking in International Relations Theory, Boulder, Wesview Press.

Evans, Graham and Jefrey Newnham, 1998, Dictionary of International Relations, London, Penguin.

Gamble, Andrew and Anthony Payne, 1996, Regionalism and World Order, London, Macmillan, 1996.

George, Jim, 1994, Discourses of Global Politics: A Critical (Re) Introduction to International Relations, Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publisher.

Groom, AJR, 1991, International Relations-Then and Now: Origins and Trends in Interpretation, London, Routledge.

Guzzini, Stefano, 1998, Realism in International Relations and International Political Economy: London, Routledge.

Halliday, Fred, 1994, Rethinking International Relations, London, Macmillan.

Hollis, Martin, and Steve Smith, 1990, Explaining and Understanding International Relations, Clarendon, Oxford.

Holsti, K.J. 1987, The Dividing Discipline: Hegemony and Diversity in International Theory, Boston, Allen & Unwin.

Jackson, Robert and George Sorensen, 1999,Introduction to International Relations. New York. Oxford University Press.

Kegley, Charles W, (ed.) 1995, Controversies in International Relations Theory, New York, St Martin’s Press.

Knutsen, Torbjorn, 1992, A History of International Relations Theory, Manchester, Manchester University Press.

Malhotra, Vinay Kumar, 1998, International Relations, New Delhi, Anmol Publications PVT. LTD.

Malhotra, Vinaj Kumar and Alexander A. Sergounia, 1998, Theories and Approaches to International Relations, New Delhi: Anmol Publications PVT. LTD.

Mattli, Walter, 1999, The Logic of Regional Integration: Europe and Beyond, Cambridge University Press.

Melo, Jaime De, and Arvind Panagariya, 1992, New Dimension in Regional Integration, Cambridge University Press.

Pettman, Jan Jidy, 1996, Worlding Women. A Feminist International Politics, Australia, St Leonards, Allen & Unwin Pty. Ltd.

Pettman, Ralph, 1991, International Politics: Balance of Power, Balance of Productivity, Balance of Ideologies, Melbourne, Longman Cheshire.

Rosenau, James and Mary Durfee, 1995, Thinking Theory Thoroughly: Coherent Approaches to an Incoherent World, Boulder, Wesview.

Smith, Steve, Ken Booth, and Marysia Zalewski, 1996, International Theory: Positivism and Beyond, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Stern, Geoffrey, 2000, The Structure of International Society: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations, London and New York, Pinter.

Vasquesz, John A, 1998, ‘The Power of Power Politics: From Classical Realism to Neotraditionalism. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Wesson, Robert, 1990, IR in Transition, Prentice Hall, 1990.

Woods, Ngaire, 1997, Explaining International Relations Since 1945, New York, Oxford University Press Inc.

 

Seminar 1: International Relations as an Academic Subject and Achievement

What are discipline, the growth of discipline, and the changing themes of IR? How is IR fulfilling the criteria of adequacy and in responding to the challenges of the contemporary world? What is the subject matter of IR? The scope of IR. Understanding of names of global politics, world politics, international politics, international studies and its relationship with international relations thought.

Required Reading

Bull, Hedley, 1992, ‘International Relations as an Academic Pursuit’, Australian Outlook, 26 (3), p. 251-265.

Halliday, Fred, 1995, ‘International Relations and Its Discontents’, International Affairs, 71(4), p.733-746.

Hoffman, Stanley, 1995, ‘An American Social Science: International Relations’, Daedalus, 106 (3), p. 41-59.

Nicholson, Michael, 2000,‘What the use of International Relation?’ Review of International Studies 26, p. 183-198.

Olson, William and Onuf, Nicholas, 1985, ‘The Growth of a Discipline: Reviewed" in Steve Smith (ed.), International Relations: British and American Perspective, p.1-28.

Supplementary reading

Groom, AJR, International Relations-Then and Now: Origins and Trends in Interpretation, London, Routledge, 1991.

Hollis, Martin, and Smith, Steve, 1990, Explaining and Understanding International Relations, Clarendon, Oxford.

Holsti, K.J, 1987, The Dividing Discipline: Hegemony and Diversity in International Theory, Boston, Allen & Unwin.

Jackson, Robert and George Sorensen. 1999, Introduction to International Relations, New York. Oxford University Press.

 

Seminar 2: Theory in the study of International Relations

What is theory? What is the use of theory in IR? What’s constitutes theory? Why theorizes IR? What are the various ways in which we can theorize international relations? Forms of theorizing. The different ways in which theories are used in international relations. Approaches to study of IR.

Required Reading

Woods, Ngaire, 1996,‘The Uses of Theory in the Study of International Relations’, in N Woods (ed.), Explaining International Relations Since 1945, New York, Oxford University Press.

Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, 1996, The Benefits of a Social-Scientific Approach to Studying International Affairs, in Ngaire Woods (ed.), Explaining International Relations Since 1945, New York, Oxford University Press.

Bull, Hedley, 'International Theory: The Case for Classical Approach', 1969, in K Knor and J. Rosenau, (eds.), Contending Approaches to International Politics, Princeton, Princeton University Press.

Cox, Robert, 1981, ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory’, Millenium, 10 (2), p. 126-155.

Lieber, Robert J, 'The Possibilities of Theory', 1973, Theory and World Politics, Massachusets: Winthrop. Publisher. Inc., p.1-17

Regger, N.J. 2000, International Relations, Political Theory and the Problem of Order: Beyond International Relations, London, Routledge.

Weber, Cynthia, 1998, ‘Reading Martin Wight’s: Why Is There No International Theory as History? Alternatives, 23(4), p.451-467.

Woods, Ngaire, 1996,‘The Uses of Theory in the Study of International Relations’, in N Woods (ed.), Explaining International Relations Since 1945, New York, Oxford University Press.

Supplementary reading

Booth, Ken and Steve Smith, (eds.), 1995, International Relations Theory Today, Cambridge, Polity Press.

Hollis, Martin and Steve Smith, 1990, Explaining and Understanding International Relations, Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Rosenau, James and Mary Durfee, 1995, Thinking Theory Thoroughly: Coherent Approaches to an Incoherent World, Boulder, Wesview.

Smith, Steve, Ken Booth and Marysia Zalewski (eds.), 1996, International Theory: Positivism and Beyond, Cambridge University Press.

Jorgensen, Knud, 2000, ‘Continental IR Theory: The Best Kept Secret’, European journal of International Relations, .6 (1), p. 9-42.

 

Seminar 3: The Theoretical Debate

An overview of the ‘great debates’. What’s the debate. Categorising of the debate.

Required Reading

Brown, Chris, 1997, Understanding International Relations, London, MacMillan.

Halliday, Fred, 1990, ‘The Pertinence of International Relations’, Political Studies, 38.

Wight, Martin, 1991, International Theory: The Three Traditions, London, Leicester University Press.

Supplementary reading

George, Jim, 1994, Discourses of Global Politics: A Critical (Re) Introduction to International Relations, Boulder, Lynne Rienner.

Smith, Steve, 1995, ‘The self-images of a Discipline: A Genealogy of International Relations Theory’, in K.Booth and S.Smith, International Relations Theory Today, Polity Press,

Kurth, James, 1998, ‘Inside the Cave: The Banality of IR studies ‘, The National Interest, Fall.

 

Seminar 4: Realism, Neo-Realism, and Critiques.

Summary and evaluation of Realism. Overview of the intellectual history. Main distinguishing features of Realism. The variation of Realist world view. The construction of the Realist tradition. The claims and underlying premises of Realist texts. The variations within the Realist world view. The critique of Realist claims. Balance of Power thinking.

Buzan, Barry, 1996, ‘The Timeless Wisdom of Realism?’ in Steve Smith, Ken Booth, and Marysia Zalewski, (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Carr, E.H., 1939, The Twenty Years Crisis, especially chs. 5,6.

Morgenthau, Hans, 1948, Politics Among nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, ch. 1 [A Realist Theory of International Politics]

Linklater, Andrew, 1995, ‘Neo-Realism in Theory and Practice’ in Ken Booth, and Steve Smith, (eds.), International Relations Theory Today, Cambridge, Polity Press.

Waltz, Kenneth, 1990, ‘Realist Thought and Neorealist Theory’, Journal of International Affairs, 44, p.21-37.

George, Jim, 1994, Discourses of Global Politics: A Critical (Re) Introduction to International Relations, Boulder, Lynne Rienner Publisher.

Supplementary Reading

Donnely, Jack, 2000, Realism and International Relations, Cambridge, University Press, Cambridge.

Guzzini, Stefano, 1998, Realism in International Relations and International Political Economy, London, Routledge.

Waltz, Kenneth, 2000, ‘Structural Realism after Cold War’, International Security 25 (1).

Wesson, Robert, 1990, IR in Transition, Prentice Hall, 1990.

Vasquesz, John A, 1998, ‘The Role of the Realist Paradigm in the development of a scientific study of international Relations’ in John A Vasquez (ed.) The Power of Power Politics: From Classical Realism to Neotraditionalism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

 

Seminar 5: Liberalism: propositions, variations, and critiques

The proposition of Liberal Theory. The core belief of Liberalism. The most important variations on the Liberalism. The disagreement of Liberal Theory. The dark side of liberalism. The critiques of liberal position.

Essential Reading

Carr, E.H., 1939, The Twenty Years’ Crisis, 1939, chs. 3 [The Utopian Background] and 4 [The Harmony of Interests]

Doyle, Michael, 1986, ‘Liberalism and World Politics’, American Political Science Review, 80 (40), p.1151-1169.

Dunne, Timothy, 1997, ‘Liberalism, in The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Kegley, Charles, 1993, ‘The Neoidealist Moment in International Studies? Realist Myths and the New International Realities’, International Studies Quarterly, 37(2), p.132-145.

Nye, Joseph, 1998, ‘Neo Realism and Neoliberalism’, World Politics, XL (2), p. 235- 251.

 

Supplementary Reading

Chan, Steve, 1997, ‘In search of Democratic Peace: Problems and Promise’, Mershon International Studies Review 41, p.51-59.

Doyle, Michael, 1995,‘Liberalism and the End of the Cold War’, in Richard Ned Lebow and Thomas Risse-Kappen, (eds.) International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War New York, Columbia University Press.

Elman, Miriam Fendius, 1997, ‘The Need for Qualitative Test of the Democratic Peace Theory’, in Miriam Fendius Elman (ed.), Paths to Peace: Is Democracy the answer? . Cambridge, Massachusets, The MIT Press. 1997.

Hoffman, Stanley, 1995, ‘The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism’, Foreign Policy, 98.

Zakaria, Fareed, 1997, ‘The Rise of Illiberal Democracy’, Foreign Affairs, 76 (6), p. 22-43.

 

Seminar 6: The English School of International Relations

An exploration of the approach of the English School and the idea of an international society of states in particular. To clarify what the structure of international society. Attempt to define international society.

Essential Reading

Bull, Hedley, 1966, ‘Society and Anarchy in International Relations’, in Herbert Butterfield and Martin Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations.

James, Alan, 1993, ‘System or Society?, Review of the International Studies, 19.

Jackson,Robert, 1995, ‘ The Political Theory of International Society’ in Ken Booth and Steve Smith, eds., International Relations Theory Today, Cambridge, Polity Press.

Rick Fawn and Jeremy Larkins, 1996, ‘International Society after the Cold War: Theoretical Interpretations and Practical Implications’ in Rick Fawn and Jeremy Larkins, (eds.), International Society after the Cold War: Anarchy and Order Reconsidered, Macmillan, London.

Stern, Geoffrey, 2000, The Structure of International Society: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations, London, Pinter.

Shaw, Martin, 1996, ‘Global Society and Global Responsibility: The Theoretical, Historical and Political Limits of International Society’, in Rick Fawn and Jeremy Larkins, (ed.), International Society after Cold War: Anarchy and Order Reconsidered, Macmillan, London.

Supplementary Reading

Jackson, Robert, 1997, ‘The evolution of international Society’, in John Baylis and Steve Smith, (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics, Oxford.

Little, Richard, 2000, ‘The English School’s Contribution to the Study of International Relations; European Journal of International Relations, 6 (3): p. 395-422.

Stern, Geoffrey. 2000, The Structure of International Society, London, Pinter, 2000.

 

Seminar 7: Marxism and Critical Theory

The essential elements of Marxism and critical theory. The exploration of historical material approach. A survey of Marxist approaches to international relations both in terms of what is explored in world politics and how it is explored.

Required Reading

Halliday, Fred, 1994, Rethinking International Relations, London, Macmillan.

Hobden, Steve, and Richard Wyn Jones, Richard, 1997, ‘World-System Theory’, in John Baylis and Steve Smith, eds., The Globalization of World Politics, New York, Oxford University Press.

Hoffman, Mark, 1989, ‘Critical Theory and the Inter-Paradigm Debate’ in Hugh Dyer and Leon Mangasarian (ed.), The Study of International Relations: the State of the Art, Basingstoke, Macmillan.

Linklater, Andrew, 1996, ‘The achievements of critical Theory’ in Steve Smith, Ken Booth, and Maysia Zalewski, (eds.), International Theory: Positivism and Beyond, Cambridge.

Supplementary Reading

George, Jim, 1994, Discourses of Global Politics: A Critical (Re) Introduction to International Relations, Colorado, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. 1994.

 

Seminar 8: Feminist Perspective

The key concept and values. Feminist critiques to state, power, sovereignty, and male dominated. The various stream in feminist thought and their understanding of world politics. The idea of gender hierarchy in the global order. The critique of the major categories and concept of international relations.

Required Reading

Pettman, Jan Jindy, 1997, ‘Gender Issues’, in John Baylis and Steve Smith, (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997.

Peterson, V. Spike, 1992, ‘Transgressing Boundaries: Theories of Knowledge, Gender, and the International Relations’, Millenium, 21(2).

Halliday, Fred, 1988, ‘Hidden from International Relations: Women and the International Arena’, Millenium, 17 (3).

Tickner, J. Ann, 1992, Gender in International Relations, New York, Columbia University Press.

Supplementary Reading

Pettman, Jan Jidy, 1996, Worlding Women. A feminist International Politics, Australia, St Leonards, Allen & Unwin Pty Ltd.

Ticker, J. Ann, 1999, ‘Why women can’t run the world: International Politics according to Francis Fukuyama,’ International Studies Review, 1(3), p. 3-11

Adams, John, 1996, ‘Does gender makes the world go round: Feminist Critiques of International Relations’, Review of International Studies 22, p. 405-429.

 

Seminar 9 : The Constructivist

What is contructivist? The origins of Constructivist. What can it contribute to our understanding of world Politics? What its assumptions? The central tenets of constructivist.

Required Reading

Price, Richard and Christian Reus-Smit, 1998, ‘Dangerous Liaisons? Critical International Theory and Constructivism’, European Journal of International Relations, 4(3), p.259-294.

Ruggie, John Gerard, 1998,‘What makes the world Hang Together? Neo-Utilitarianism and the Social Constructivist Challenge’, International Organization, 52(4), p.855-885.

Checkel, Jefrey, 1998, ‘The Constructivist Turn in International Relations Theory’, World Politics, 50(2), p.324-347.

Brown, Chris, 1994, ‘Turtles All the Way Down: Anti-Foundationalism, Critical Theory and International Relations’, Millenium, 23(2), p.213-236.

Guzzini, Stefano. 2000, "A reconstruction of Constructivism in International Relations’, European Journal of International Relations, 6 (2), p. 147-182.

Kratochowil, Frederich, 2000, ‘Constructing a New Orthodoxy? Wend’s Social Theory of International Politics and the Constructivist challenge’, Journal of International Studies. 29 (1), pp. 73 – 101.

Hope, Ted, 2000, ‘Constructivism all the Way Down’, International Politics, 37 (3), p. 369-377.

 

Seminar 10: A Balance of Power?

The debate about the nature of the contemporary world order and in particular claims concerns the balance of power? Is it Unipolar ? Multipolar? How far does balance of power thinking take us in understanding contemporary world politics? To see the role of America in the world power.

Required Reading

Krauthammer, Charles, 1991, ‘ The Unipolar Moment’, Foreign Affairs, 70 (1).

Layne, Christopher, 1993, ‘The Unipolar Illusion: Why New Great Powers will Rise’, International Security, 17 (4), p. 5-51.

Mastanduno, Michael, 1997, ‘Preserving the Unipolar Moment: Realist Theories and US Grand Strategy after Cold War’, International Security, 21 (4), p.49-88.

Mearsheimer, John, 1990, ‘Back to the Future: Instability in Europe After the Cold War’, International Security, 15(1), p. 5-56.

Rosecrance, Richard, 1992, A New Concert of Powers’, Foreign Affairs, 71 (2).

Further Reading:

Mearsheimer, John, ‘The False promise of International Institution’, International Security, 19 (3), Winter, 1994/1995.

Sheetz, Mark S., Correspondence, 1998, Debating the Unipolar Moment-Michael Mastanduno’, International Security, 22(3), p.168-174.

Waltz, Kenneth, 1993, ‘The Emerging Structure of International Politics’, International Security, 18(2), p. 44-79.

 

Seminar 11: The End of History

A review of Fukuyama’s end of history thesis and of other liberal claims concerned with the possibility of ‘perpetual peace’.

Required Reading

Fukuyama, Francis, 1989, ‘The end of History’, The National Interest, no. 16.

Gray, John, 1998, ‘Global Utopians and Clashing Civilisations : Misunderstanding the present’, International Affairs, 74(1).

Goldgeier, J.M., and Mc Faul M, 1992, ‘A Tale of Two Worlds’, International Organization, 46(2).

Richardson, James, L., 1996, ‘The Declining Probability of War Thesis: How relevant for the Asia – Pacific? Working Paper 1996/8, Department of International Relations, RSPAS, ANU.

Further Reading

Chandra, Paul, The Democratic Peace Theory, http: // Shrike.depaul.edu/~pchadha/laws.html. (Accessed 13 May 1999).

Chan, Steve. 1997, ‘In Search of Democratic peace: Problems and Promise, Mershon International Studies Review, 41, p.59-91.

Elman, Miriam Ferdius, 1997, The Need for Qualitative Test of the Democratic Peace Theory, in Miriam Fendus Elman , Paths to Peace : Is Democracy the Answer ? (ed). Cambridge, Massachusets, The MIT Press.

Gambatz, Kurt Taylor, 1996, ‘Democratic States and Commitment in International Relations, International Organizations 50 (1), p.109-139.

Gorg, Christpher and Joachine Hirsch, 1998, Is International Democracy Possible ? Review of International Political Economy. 5(4), Winter, p. 585 – 615.

Kupchan, Charles. Illiberal Illusions. 1997, ‘Restoring Democracy’s Good Name’, Foreign Affairs. 77 (3), p. 122-125.

Mintz, Alex and Nehemia Geva, 1993, ‘Why Don’t Democracies Fight Each Other ?’ Journal of Conflict Resolution 37 (3), p. 484-503.

Schleisinger, Arthur Jr, 1997, Has democracy a Future ? Foreign Affairs, September/October,, p.2-12.

Starr, Harvey, 1997, ‘Democracy and Integration : Why Democracy Don’t Fight Each Other’, Journal of Peace Research, 34(2), p. 153-162.

Zakaria, Fareed, 1997, ‘The Rise of Illiberal Democracy’, Foreign Affairs, Nov/Dec, 76 (6), p.22-42.

Thompson, William R,1996, ‘ Democracy and Peace ; Putting the Chart Before the Horse ?, International Organization, 20 (1), p. 141 – 174.

Thompson, William R, and Richard Tucker. 1997, ‘A Tale of Two Democratic Peace Critiques’, Journal of Conflict Resolution 41 (3), p. 428-454.

 

Seminar 12 : Globalism

What globalism means ? Does globalism imply an end of state sovereignty ? What are the implication for the nature of world politics ? What theoretical perspectives are represented in the ‘ borderless world’ characterization?

Required Reading

Aart Scholte, Jan, 1997, ‘The Globalization of World politics’ in John Baylis and Steve Smith, eds., The Globalization of World Politics : An Introduction to International Relations, Oxford, Oxford University Press, p.13-300

Falk, Richard, 1997, ‘State of Siege : Will Globalization win Out ?’ International Affairs, 73 (1), p. 123-136.

Held, David and Mc. Grew, Anthony, 1998, ‘The End of the Old Order ? Globalization and the Prospects for World Order’, Review of International Studies, p. 219-243.

Drucker, Peter, 1997, ‘The Global Economy and the Nation State’, Foreign Affairs, September/October, p.159-171.

Albert Paolini, 1997, ‘Globalization’ in P. Darby, (ed.), At the Edge of International Relations: Postcolonialism, Gender, and Dependency, London, Pinter.

Further Reading

Aart Scholte, Jan, 2000, Globalization : a Critical Introduction, London, Mac Millan Press Ltd,

Clark, Ian, 1999, Globalization and International Relations Theory, New York, Oxford University Press.

Rosow, Stephen, 2000, ‘Globalization as Democratic Theory’, Millenium : Journal of International Studies, 29 (1) p. 27-45.

Gray, John, 1998, ‘Global Utopians and Clashing Civilizations: Misunderstanding the present’, International Affairs, 74 (1), p. 149-164.

 

Seminar 13 : A Fragmenting World ?

An exploration of the image of world politics as a world of tribes, of ethnic groups rather than states as the important category in global politics and of intractable conflict among them as the dominant pattern of politics.

Required Reading:

Ahmed, Akbar S., 1995, ‘Ethnic Cleansing : A Metaphor for Our Time’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 18(1), p.1-25.

Clark, Ian, 1998, Globalization and Fragmentation : International Relations in the Twentieth Century, New York, Oxford University Press Inc.

Horsman, Mathew and Marshal Andrew, 1994, After the Nation-State: Citizens, Tribalism and the New World Disorder, London, Harper Collins, p. 263-270.

Kaplan, Robert, ‘1994, The Coming Anarchy’, The Athlantic Monthly 273 (2), p. 44-76.

Lake, David and Rotchild, Donald, 1996, ‘Ethnic Fears and Global Engagement: The International Spread and Management of Ethnic Conflict, Institute of Global Conflict Cooperation, University of California, policy paper no.20, p. 5-26.

Smith, Anthony, 1995, Nations and Nationalism in a Global Era, Polity Press, p. 1-7.

Further Reading :

Anderson, Benedict, 1991, Imagined Communities, 2 nd ed., London, Verso.

Gurr, Robert T, 1994, ‘Peoples Against States: Ethnopolitical Conflict and the Changing World System, International Studies Quarterly 38(3).p.347-77.

Brown, Michael, 1993, ‘Causes and Implications of Ethnic Conflict,’ in Michael Brown, Ethnic Conflict and International Society, Princeton,Princeton University Press p.3-26.

Smith, Anthony D.1993, ‘The Ethnic Sources of Nationalism’, in Michael Brown, Ethnic Conflict and International Society, Princeton,Princeton University Press.p.27-41.

Brass, Paul, 1994,’Elite Competition and Nation-Formation,’ Pp.83-89 in John Hutchinson and Anthony Smith,(ed.) Nationalism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p.83-89.

Lipschitz, Ronnie and Beverly Crawford, 1995, Ethnic Conflict isn’t, San Diego

Juergensmeyer, Msrl, 1996, ‘The Worldwide Rise of Religious Nationalism, Journal of International Affairs 50(1), p.1-20.

Bell-Fiakoff, Andrew, 1993, ‘A Brief History of Ethnic Cleansing’, Foreign Affairs 72(3), p. 101-21.

Du Preez, 1994, Genocide: The Psychology of Mass Murder, New York: Boyars/Bowerdan.

 

Seminar 14: A Clash of Civilization

An examination of Huntington’s thesis and a critical review of the ensuing debate about the role and importance in world politics.

Required Reading

Huntington, S.P., 1993, ‘The Clash of Civilization?’ Foreign Affairs, 72(3), p. 22-49.

Ajami, Mahbubani, Bartley, Liu & Kirkpatrick, 1993, ‘Responses to Huntington, Foreign Affairs, 72(3), p.2-26.

Muzaffar, C. 1994, ‘The Clash of Civilization or Camouflaging Dominance? Asian Studies Review 18(1), p. 9-16.

O’ Hagan, Jacinta, 1995, ‘Civilisational conflict? looking for cultural enemies’, Third World Quartley 16(1), p.19-38.

Further Reading

Chan, Stephen, 1997, ‘Order : Huntington and Civilization’, Millennium : Journal of International Studies, 26 (1), p. 137-140.

Gray, John, 1998, ‘Global Utopias and Clashing Civilization : misunderstanding the present’, International Affairs , 74(1), p. 149-164.

Huntington, Samuel, 1997, ‘The Clash of Civilization – A Responses’, Millennium-Journal of International Studies, 26 (1), p. 141-142.

Mahbubani, Kishore, 1993, ‘ The Dangers of Decadence : What the Rest Can Teach the West’, Foreign Affairs, September/October.

O’Brien, Robin, 1997, ‘The Clash of Civilization and the Remaking of World Order’, SAIS Review, Summer-Fall, p.208-210.

Sato, Seizaburo, 1998, ‘The Clash of Civilizations : A View from Japan’, Asia Pacific Review 4(2), p.7-24.

 

Seminar 15 : Regionalism

What is Regionalism ? Does it amounts to a transformation of community, agency or identity in world politics ? What role do regions play in mediating global influences ? Are they agents of global change or protectors of local societies ? Are they replacing states ? How do we explain the resurgence of regions ?

Required Reading

Rostow, W.W., 1990, ‘The Coming Age of Regionalism : A Metaphor for our Time ?’, Encounter, LXXIV(.5), p.3-7.

Hurrel Andrew, 1995, ‘Explaining the Resurgence of Regionalism in World Politics’, Review of International Studies, 21, p. 331-358.

Gamble, Andrew and Payne, Anthony, 1996, ‘Conclusion : The New Regionalism’, in Gamble and Payne, (eds.), Regionalism and World Order, London, Macmillan, p.247-264.

Falk, Richard, 1995, ‘Regionalism and World Order After the Cold War ‘, Australian Journal of International Affairs, 49 (1), p.1-15.

Further Reading

Bhagwati, Jagdish, 1994, ‘Regionalism and Multilateralism : an Overview’ in Ross Garnaut and Peter Drysdale, (eds.) , Asia pacific Regionalism : Readings in International Economic Relations, Harper Education Sydney, 1994

Frankel, Jeffrey A, Shang-Jin Wei and Ernesto Stein, 1994, Apec and Regional Arrangements in the Pacific, Working Paper Series : Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation , Institute for International Economics, 94 (1).

Mattli, Walter, 1999, The Logic of Regional Integration : Europe and Beyond, Cambridge University Press.

Melo, Jaime De, and Arvind Panagariya, 1992, New Dimension in Regional Integration, Cambridge University Press.


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