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   Course Title    International Public Law with introduction to law of the European Union
Lecturer    Adam Lazowski
Institution    University of Warsaw
Country    Poland

I. Aim of the course

The one year course International Public Law with elements of EU law covers a wide range of issues concerned with public international law with introductory aspects of EU law. In principle, the course is structured in a very traditional way, which allows participating students to understand the basic concepts of international public law. Because of its low practical relevance, courses of international law provided by the law faculties are usually considered to be less important than i.e. commercial law courses. However, authors of this course have the ambition to allow participating students to gain a lot of both theoretical and practical knowledge. This assumption is mirrored in the structure of the course as well as in its contents. The aim of the course is to provide students of law & administration with basic concepts of the system of international public law.

II. Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum

The subject course belongs to the group of compulsory courses which students of the Faculty of Law & Administration are obliged to take at the second year of their studies. As noted above, it has an introductory role, however it may also be considered as a starting point for further education of international public law. The Institute of International Law (which is a part of the Faculty of Law & Administration) provides students with various non- compulsory courses on different fields of international law, i.e. diplomatic and consular law, human rights law, law of the sea. Students are allowed to participate in those courses during the remaining three years of their five years Masters programme.

III. Methods used

The course is organised in a one lecture and one class per week system. Lectures are provided by professors, classes by younger scholars. Lectures are given in a rather traditional way, in most of the cases without using modern teaching techniques. The structure of the classes, as well as teaching methods used, depend on lecturers.

The author of this syllabus is using during his classes a variety of teaching methods known and widely used at UK universities. Each class starts with a brief overview of current events taking place in international relations. Students are given copies of articles published over the week in most distinguished Polish newspapers. Those form the starting point for the discussion, which is moderated by the lecturer. During each class students are given a one page handout, which covers issues raised during the class as well as a short reading list (relevant web sites are also given). Because students are required to use one particular textbook, on the basis of which the end of the course examination is prepared, there is not much space left for any additional reading. However, students of this particular course are advised to gain knowledge from Polish and foreign literature as well as from a new textbook co-written by the author of this course.

IV. Course content

First semester classes provide traditional introduction to international law, topics include: sources of international law (with particular emphasis on international customary and treaty law), relations between international law and municipal law, states and international organisations as subjects of international law, territory and citizenship. Second semester classes concentrate on different fields of international law, considerations include law of the sea, space law, diplomatic law and settlement of international disputes. Considerable amount of time is devoted to EU law. This part of the course covers such issues as institutional structure of the European Communities and sources of primary and secondary legislation. This year the course also includes one class on EU enlargement.

I Semester

Class no 1 (13 X 2000)*

  • Introduction to sources of international law
  • Customary international law

Class no 2 (20 X 2000)

  • International treaties - part one. (definitions, types of the international treaties, structure of the international convention) **

Class no 3 (27 X 2000)

  • International treaties – part two (conclusion of treaties – international and domestic procedure)

Class no 4 (3 XI 2000)

  • International treaties – part three (application and termination of the treaties)

Class no 5 (10 XI 2000)

- Other sources of international law – resolutions of international organisations, soft law, judicature, doctrine

Class no 6 (17 XI 2000)

  • Relations between international public law and domestic law on the examples of Poland, United Kingdom and Germany

Class no 7 (24 XI 2000)

  • Subjects of international law – introductory remarks
  • State as a subject of international law

Class no 8 (1 XII 2000)

  • Elements of the state – territory, population and effective government
  • Territory

Class no 9 (8 XII 2000)

  • Population (citizenship, aliens in international law. EU citizenship)

Class no 10 (15 XII 2000)

  • Government

Class no 11 (5 I 2001)

  • Introduction to diplomatic and consular law

Class no 12 (12 I 2001)

  • International organisations (definition, types of organisations, methods of operation)

II Semester

Class no 1 (16 II 2001)

  • test

Class no 2 (23 II 2001)

  • United Nations as a universal international organisation (history, purposes, structure and organs)

Class no 3 (2 III 2001)

  • European Union as an example of supranational organisation (history of European Integration and brief introduction to European Communities)

Class no 4 (9 III 2001)

  • introduction to EU institutions and their work (institutional structure of the EU institutions, types of the institutions, characteristics of the most important institutions – Council, Commission, Parliament, EU courts)

Class no 5 (16 III 2001)

  • introduction to EU legal system (sources of law, hierarchy of norms, legislative procedures)

Class no 6 (23 III 2001)

  • EU enlargement (previous enlargements, accession negotiations, Nice Treaty, pre – accession strategy)

Class no 7 (30 III 2001)

  • Council of Europe and OSCE (regional organisations, aims and structure of both, changes of the last decade)

Class no 8 (6 IV 2001)

  • Individual and international law (introduction to human rights law and individuals responsibility in international public law)

Class no 9 (20 IV 2001)

- International responsibility of states

Class no 10 (27 IV 2001)

  • International Disputes Settlement (mechanisms of international disputes settlement, International Court of Justice and its work)

Class no 11 (4 IV 2001)

  • International students conference on Nice Treaty and EU enlargement

Class no 12 (11 V 2001)

  • Use of force in international relations (UN security system, humanitarian intervention)

Class no 13 (18 V 2001)

  • Test

V. Reading list

a. mandatory:

W. Góralczyk, Prawo miedzynarodowe publiczne w zarysie, 7th Ed. Wydawnictwo Prawnicze PWN, Warszawa 2000;

b. recommended:

L. Antonowicz, Podrecznik prawa miedzynarodowego, 4th Ed. Wydawnictwo Prawnicze PWN, Warszawa 1998;

R. Bierzanek i J. Symonides, Prawo miedzynarodowe publiczne, 5th Ed. Wydawnictwo Prawnicze PWN, Warszawa 1999;

I. Brownlie, Principles of Public International Law, 5th Ed, Calarendon Press, Oxford 1998;

W. Czaplinski i A. Wyrozumska, Prawo miedzynarodowe publiczne. Zagadnienia systemowe, 1st Ed. Wydawnictwo CH BECK, Warszawa 1999;

T. R. Van Devort, International Law and Organization. An Introduction, 1st Ed, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi 1998;

M. Dixon, Textbook on International Law, 3rd Ed, Blackstone Press Limited, 1996;

M. Dixon i R. McCorquodale, Cases & Materials on International Law, 3rd Ed. Blackstone Press Limited, London 2000.;

J. Gilas, Prawo miedzynarodowe, 2nd Ed. Pracownia Duszycki, Torun 1999;

G. v. Glahn, Law Among Nations. An Introduction to Public International Law, 4th Ed. Macmillan Publishing, Collin Macmillan Publishers, New York & London 1981;

D. J. Harris, Cases and Materials on International Law, 5th Ed. Sweet & Maxwell, London 1998;

I. Hillier, Sourcebook on Public International Law, 1st Ed. Cavendish Publishing Limited, London & Sydney 1998;

A. Lazowski i A. Zawidzka, Prawo miedzynarodowe publiczne, 1st Ed. Wydawnictwo C.H.BECK, Warszawa 2001;

P. Malanczuk, Akehurst’s Modern Introduction to International Law, 7th Ed. Routledge, London & New York 1999.;

B. Wierzbicki (ed.), Prawo miedzynarodowe publiczne, 1st Ed. Wydawnictwo Temida, Bialystok 1997;

B. Wierzbicki (red.), Prawo miedzynarodowe. Materialy do studiów, 3rd Ed. Wydawnictwo Temida, Bialystok 2000;

Students are also advised to read various articles from Polish and English literature. The following include list of articles and books relevant to topics covered during the first five classes during the academic year 2000 – 2001:

M. Akehurst, Custom as a Source of International Law, 47 BYIL (1974 –1975), p. 1;

R. Baratta, Should Invalid Reservations to Human Rights Treaties be Disregarded ?, 11 EJIL (2000) p. 413;

R. Bierzanek, Studia nad spolecznoscia miedzynarodowa. Zródla prawa miedzynarodowego, 1st Ed. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Marii Curie – Sklodowskiej, Lublin 1991;

R. Bierzanek, Some Remarks on „Soft" International Law, 17 PolYBIL (1988), p. 21;

D. Bowett, Reservations to Non-Restricted Multi-Lateral Treaties, 48 BYIL (1976), p. 67;

M. J. Bowmann, The Multilateral Treaty Amendment Process – A Case Study, 44 ICLQ (1995), p. 540;

C. M. Chinkin, The Challenge of Soft Law: Development and Change in International Law, 38 ICLQ (1989), p. 850;

W. Czaplinski, Sources of International Law in the Nicaragua Case, 38 ICLQ (1989), p. 151;

W. Czaplinski, Podstawowe zagadnienia prawa umów miedzynarodowych, Biuletyn Informacyjny zeszyt no 4 (27)/1995 r., 1st Ed., Wydawnictwo Sejmowe 1995;

W. Czaplinski, Znaczenie czasu w prawie miedzynarodowym, SM no 4/6/92, p. 117;

P. M. Dupuy, The Place and Role of Unilateralism in Contemporary International Law, 11 (2000) EJIL, p. 19; O. Elias, The Nature of the Subjective Element in Customary International Law, 44 ICLQ (1995), p. 501;

M. Flemming, Miedzynarodowe prawo zwyczajowe, WPP no 3/4/1995, p. 3;

M. Frankowska, Umowy miedzynarodowe w formie uproszczonej, 1st Ed., Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Wroclaw, Warszawa, Kraków, Gdansk, Lódz 1981;

M. Frankowska, Prawo traktatów, wydanie pierwsze, Oficyna Wydawnicza Szkola Glówna Handlowa, Warszawa 1997.;

A. Gras, Europejskie prawodawstwo wspólnotowe, PPE no 1/96, p. 52;

Ch.C. Joyner (red.), The United Nations and International Law, 1st Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1997;

T. Kegel, Proces podejmowania uchwal, w: Organizacje w stosunkach miedzynarodowych. Istota, mechanizmy dzialania, zasieg (red. T. Los – Nowak), 3rd Ed. , Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego, Wroclaw 1999; R. Piotrowicz, The Time Factor in the Creation of Rules of Customary International Law, 21 PolYBIL (1994), p. 69;

P. Saganek, Kompetencja Wspólnoty Europejskiej do zawierania umów miedzynarodowych, PPE no 2/97, p. 66 – 82;

J. Sandorski, Niewaznosc umów miedzynarodowych, 1st Ed. , Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Poznan 1978;

S. Sawicki, Norma zwyczajowa jako zródlo prawa konsularnego, PSM no 1/3/91, p. 43;

I.M.L. de Souza, The Role of State Constent in the Customary Process, 44 ICLQ (1995) p. 521;

K. Skubiszewski, Uchwaly prawotwórcze organizacji miedzynarodowych, przeglad zagadnien i analiza wstepna, 1st Ed, Poznanskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciól Nauk, Poznan 1965;

K. Walczak, Struktura konwencji Miedzynarodowej Organizacji Pracy na tle innych umów miedzynarodowych, PiP no 2/96, p. 55;

E. Wojtaszek – Mik (red)., Podstawy systemu prawnego Wspólnot Europejskich, 1st Ed. Instytut Europejski, Lódz 1998;

K. Wolfke, Custom in Present International Law, 1st Ed. Wroclawskie Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Wroclaw 1964; A. Wyrozumska, The Antarctic Treaty as a Customary Law, 19 PolYBIL (1991-1992), p. 227;

A. Wyrozumska, Rewizja traktatów przez panstwa trzecie, PiP no 7/92, p. 58.

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