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   Course Title    Leadership
Lecturer    Zhanat Zhusupova
Institution    Kazak State National University named after al-Farabi
Country    Kahakhstan

This course is about leadership - a subtle, complex, often subjective, but highly valued concept. Many courses have been created about leadership, but they have frequently  been presented in a fashion that is either too simplistic or too theoretical and impractical. In an effort to bridge this gap, in this course we review and analyze the research findings of many approaches to leadership, giving special attention to how leadership can be explained and applied in real-world organizations. In essence, we describe how the research on leadership can inform and direct our practical  applications of leadership.


This course is intended for undergraduate and graduate classes in business, business communication, management, communication, organizational communication, political science, training and development, and health services. It is particularly well suited as a supplementary subject for core organizational behavior courses or as an overview subject within MBA curricula. This course would also be useful in continuing education, in-service training, and other leadership development programs.


Lecture # 1. Introduction. (2h.)

Leadership defined. Leadership described. Trait versus process leadership. Assigned versus emergent leadership. Leadership and power. Leadership and coercion. Leadership and management. (Lecture # 1 provides an overview of leadership that defines leadership and describes its various characteristics.)


Lecture # 2. Trait Approach. (2h.)

Intelligence. Self- Confidence. Determination. Integrity. Sociability. How does the Trait Approach Work? (Lecture # 2 examines the multitude of studies that have been conducted through the years on individuals’ personal leadership characteristics and discusses some of the important traits that are consistently identified in the people we call leaders.)


Lecture # 3. Style Approach. (4 h.)

The Ohio State Studies. The University of Michigan Studies. Blake and Mouton’s Managerial (Leadership) Grid: Authority- Compliance, Country Club Management. Impoverished Management. Middle -of-the-Road Management. Team Management. Paternalism/ Maternalism. Opportunism. How does the Style Approach work? (Lecture # 3 focuses on the behavior of leaders - what they do and how they act in various contexts.)


Lecture #  4. Situational Approach. (4 h.)

Leadership Styles: Hersey, P., & Blanchard, K.H.: Life - cycle theory of leadership, , Vroom, V.H. & Yetton, P.W.: leadership and decision-making. Development levels. How does the Situational Approach work? (Lecture # 4 describes a model, one that is used extensively in training and development and that describes how leaders should adapt their styles to the development level of followers and to the demands of various organizational settings.)


Lecture #  5. Contingency Theory. (4 h.)

Leadership Styles. Fidler’s Situational model of Management. Situational Variables. How does Contingency Theory work? (Lecture # 5 based on Fidler’s research, focuses on how effective leadership may result when a leader’s style correctly matches the characteristics of a particular situation.)


Lecture #  6. Path- Goal Theory. (2 h.)

Michel & Haus’s «Path- Goal Theory» of leadership. Leader Behaviors. Directive Leadership. Supportive Leadership. Participative Leadership. Achievement-Oriented Leadership. Subordinate Characteristics. Tack Characteristics. How does Path-Goal Theory work? (Lecture # 6 examines how leaders can motivate subordinates to be productive and satisfied with their work by selecting a style of leadership that provides «what is missing» for subordinates in a particular setting.)


Lecture #  7. Leader - Member Exchange Theory. (2 h.)

Early Studies. Later Studies. Leadership Making. How does LMX Theory work? (Lecture # 7 addresses leadership as a process of interactions between leaders and followers, making the leader-member relationship the pivotal concept in the leadership process.)


Lecture #  8. Transformational Leadership. (4 h.)

Transformational Leadership Defined. Transformational Leadership and Charisma. A Model of Transformational Leadership. Transformational Leadership Factors: idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration. Transactional Leadership Factors: contingent reward, management - by- exception. Non-leadership Factor: laissez - faire. Other Transformational Perspectives: Bennis and Nanus, Tichy and DeVanna. How does the Transformational Approach work? (Lecture # 8 describes a full range of leadership behaviors, including factors that contribute to transformational, transactional, and non-transactional leadership.)


Lecture #  9. Team Leadership Theory. (2 h)

Critical Functions of Team Leadership. Complexity of Team Leadership. Outcomes of Team Leadership: clear, elevating goal, results-driven structure, competent team members, unified commitment, collaborative climate, standards of excellence, external support and recognitions, principled leadership. Leadership and Group Effectiveness Model. How does the Leadership and Group Effectiveness Model work? (Lecture # 9 focuses on organizational teams, the vital functions of team leadership, and the factors contributing to organizational team effectiveness.)


Lecture # 10.  Psychodynamic Approach. (2 h.)

Family of Origin. Maturation or Individuation. Dependence and Independence. Repression and the Shadow Self. Relational Analysis. How does the Psychodynamic Approach work?( Lecture # 10 based on the works of Freud and Jung, focuses on the basic personality of the leader and subordinates and stresses the idea that leaders can become more effective by obtaining insights into their own upbringing, prior relationships, and psychological development.)


Lecture #  11.Women and Leadership. (2 h.)

A Historical Overview. Leadership Style: does gender make a difference? Consensus decision making/ Participatory structures. Power. Information and Skill Sharing. Conflict Management. Supportive Work Environment. Commitment to Diversity. The Glass Ceiling. Women as Leaders in a New Century: delegated Leadership, elected Leadership, shared Leadership, Leadership at a distance. (Lecture # 11 using women’s and feminist theory, explores the relationships between gender and leadership, providing historical, theoretical, and practical perspectives.)


Lecture #  12. Popular Approaches to Leadership. (2 h.)

Popular Versus Theoretical Approaches. Common Themes: servant-leader paradigm, spiritual-ethical orientation, empowerment of followers. (Lecture # 12 analyzes the common themes of current leadership approaches typically found in writings intended for a general audience.)


The most modern methods and techniques of teaching are applied on the seminars: holding discussions, case studies, control works, tests and other methods.




A. Mandatory:

  1. Peter G. Northousee. Leadership: theory and practice. Sage Publication, 1997
  2. M. Meskon. Theory of management. Moscow: «Delo», 1995
  3. Blake, R.R., & Mouton, J. S. The managerial grid 3. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing,1985
  4. Fiedler, F.E. The leadership situation and the black box in contingency theories. New York: Academic Press,1993

B. Recommended:

  1. Hersey, P., & Blanchard, K. H. Life- cycle theory of management. Training and Development Journal.1969
  2. Vroom, V. H., & Yetton, P. W. Leadership and decision - making. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.1973
  3. House, R.J., & Mitchell, R. R. Path-goal theory of leadership. Journal of Contemporary Bisness.1974
  4. Likert, R. New patterns of management. New York: McGraw -Hill.1961 


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