The course, lasting
one semester, consists of 12 units, 90 minutes each. It has the form of
lectures and seminars. The general aim is to turn students' attention to
the growing political pressure on the language, ethnicity and identity
I pay special
attention to the national minorities' situation in East Prussia in
connection with the German Reich politics. I also try to compare Polish
and Lithuanian national movements in the situation of the aggressive
nationalism of the German Reich.
- Specific Characteristics of the
- the Germans' "specific path"
as the sum of peculiarly German features
- the Prussians as a historical
- The foundation of the Reich in
- the different ways of viewing
and presenting the birth of the German empire
- Reichspatriotismus. Max
Weber's German Weltpolitik
- kleideutch - großdeutch: the
latent initial stages of Pan - German expansion
- The Reich and "enemies of the
- description of "enemies of
the Reich" /Poles, Danes, Guelphs, Catholics etc./ and the "normal"
German citizen / Protestant and Prussian/
- the German 'Jewish Question"
- The meanings of the Kulturkampf
- the aims of the "Mental
- Kulturkampf and ethnic -
- wrong interpretations of
Kulturkampf /measures against Catholic Church/
- Kulturkampf against the
Catholic Zentrum party as well as Social Democrats
- A specific aspects of
Kulturkampf in East Prusssia
- The School Inspection Bill
/1872/ and the problem of cultural identity of Lithuanian and Polish
- Kulturkampf and Catholics in
- Other aspects of
Pan-germanistic politics in East Prussia
- the army as an instrument
of national leveling
- the influence of official
press on identity
- the Protestant and
Catholic Churches in relation to Lithuanian and Mazovian identity
- Character of Lithuanian
national movement at the end of XIXth century
- German state politics
(social - economical, educational etc.) and the problem of the
- the reasons for the
non-political character of the Lithuanian national movement
- the influence of the Polish
national movement on the Lithuanians in East Prussia
- The priority of cultural aims
in the Lithuanian national movement in East Prussia
- establishment of a number
of cultural organizations
- the role of religious books
and periodical press in the process of identity formation
- elections as a way of
strengthening the national consciousness
- The crisis of Reich and
- loosing the theritories in
- the Memel question
- The destiny of German Reich
Lithuanians after fall of Reich
- involving some of the
"Reich Lithuanians" in the Lithuanian state /after 1923/
- the status of the
"undesirable third group" (Memellandern)
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