|Course Title||Byzantium and Carpath-Danubian-Pontic Space (end of 5th century - beginning of 14th century)|
|Institution||Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"|
The course Byzantium and Carpath-Danubian-Pontic Space (end of the 5th century - beginning of the 14th century), as an object of Master Studies in History, corresponds to the curriculum of the Faculty of History, Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga" of Chisinau.
In Romanian and foreign historiography Byzantium’s relations with the population from Carpath-Danubian-Pontic Space has a large spreading, thus becoming an actual subject. The special role that Byzantium played in European history, especially in the south-east regions, at the end of the 5th and at the beginning of the 14th century, and the immediate results with a profound historical importance for Carpath-Danubian-Pontic territories, were studied by a series of historians like: N. Iorga, N. Banescu, P.P. Panaitescu, C.C. Giurescu, Gh. Diehl, A. Vasileiv, G. Ostrogorski, E. Stein, P. Lemerle, P. Diaconu, R. Theodorescu, N.S. Tanasoca, Al Madgearu, E. Stanescu, and Gh. Zbuchea etc.
The author of this course has the aim to show the relations between Byzantine and the Carpath-Danubian-Pontic Space during the period of the end of the 5th century and the beginning of the 14th century.
There is a great number of interesting and important evidence archeologically, historically and documentary certified, concrete proofs which certify the direct relations with the Byzantine Empire, as well as the influences that the Byzantine society had on the population and civilisation of the region between the river Danube, Black Sea and Carpath.
The Byzantine cultural legacy in Romanian countries is a consequence, not only of a long geographical neighbourhood, but, first of all, of the fact that during the so eventful period of the end of the first millennium and the first centuries of the next one, when people from south-east Europe were perfecting their ethnic-politic configuration, the Carpath-Danubian-Pontic Romanity had settled for a long time as the single direct legacy of the Oriental Romanity, of the East Roman Empire, on which its evolution directly and permanently depended for a period of many centuries
Thus, studying the Byzantine influences during the period of the end of the 5th century and the beginning of the 14th century, we think can contribute directly and concretely to a better precision of multiple and intense links of the natives with the Roman-Byzantine World and then, with Byzantine. At the same time, the Byzantine vestiges studied in the Carpath-Danubian-Pontic Space emphasise the direct and definitive consequences that the relations between the native population and Byzantine could have in the process of Romanian ethno genesis, as well as in the complete understanding of the phenomenon of medieval Romanian Civilisation.
The programme takes into account that the Byzantine history from the end of the 5th century to the beginning of the 14th century is the history of a mosaic of political, socio-political and cultural events. These events developed and governed differently during a millennium till the foundation of the medieval Romanian States.
These and other disputed problems are treated in the special course. Its study has great importance in the programme.
The programme takes into account the fact that the graduates of the History and Ethnopedagogy Faculty, Master Studies in History Speciality would have the opportunity to study for a doctorate degree.
As a result of the course students should:
a.) Know the periodical history of relations between the Byzantine and Carpath-Danubian-Pontic territories, the descriptive and epigraphic sources of its study;
b.) Know the evolution of economic, cultural, political and diplomatic relations of Byzantine with territories from the north of Upper Danube in the period of the 5th century till the beginning of the 14th century;
The course is supposed to be taught during the second semester, for 30 academic hours (20 theoretical hours and 10 seminars). The course will be closed with a test.
The object, aim, tasks of the course. Chronological limits - periodicity. The methods and principles of study. Study sources. Periodicity oh the history of relations between Byzantine and Carpat-Danubian regions. Political frame of South-East Europe during the 5th – 14th centuries.
I. CARPAT-DANUBIAN-PONTIC SPACE AND BIZANINE DURING THE 5th-7th
Political situation in Central and Oriental Europe during the 5th – 7th centuries. Barbars in the Balkans. Emperor Theodosius II (408-450) and the Hun invasion 410-453. The West falls (455-493) and East survives. The Empire crisis and destruction of the Danube border.
Historic evolution of the North-Danube Romanity during the 5th –7th centuries. The relations of the Romanian population with Byzantine during the 5th –7th centuries. Emperor Justine (527-565) and the problem of defence of the Danube border. The problem of Slavs’ apparition and settling in the Danube region. The struggles with Kutrigurs. Avar Dominion at the Upper Danube and Avaro-Byzantine wars from 90s of the 6th century.
Bulgarian dominion at Upper Danube and the problem of the Onglos. Bulgarian penetrates in Balkans. The problem of the Byzantine dominion at Upper Danube During the 7th –8th centuries.
II. CARPAT-DANUBE TERRITORY DURING THE 8th –11th CENTURIES
Romanian people - Romanic people. The first news about Romanian. Byzantine writer sources about Romanian.
Politico-military history of the Carpat-Danube Space during the 8th –11th centuries. The evolution of local Carpat-Danubian-Pontic the society during the 8th –11th centuries.
The Byzantine rehabilitation and relations of the Romanian people during the 8th –11th centuries. Relation between Bulgarian Kaganat and Byzantine. Bulgarian king Krum 800-814.
Relations between the Byzantine and East Slavs (the intentions protocol from 907 and the peace treaty from 911). The Paradunavon theme.
III. CARPAT-DANUBIAN TERRITORIES DURING THE 12th-14th CENTURIES
The politico-military history of the Carpat-Danubian Space during the 12th-14th centuries. The nomad steppe tribes and their relations with the native people. The great Mongol invasion and its political results on the Carpat-Danubian-Pontic space.
The evolution of the local Carpat-Danubian-Pontic society during the 12th-14th centuries. Demographic reality. Economy development. Social-political Organisation.
The demographic realities. The economic development. The social-politic organisation.
The relations of the Romanian people with Byzantine during the 12th-14th centuries. The Danubian cities. The commerce and monetary circulation.