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   Course Title    Introduction to the Study of History
Lecturer    Nertila Ljarja
Institution    University of Shkodra
Country    Albania


Course description

The course "Introduction to the Study of History" will be taught in the 1st year for the students of the History Department. This course is very important, because it will give students the necessary basic knowledge about the issues of the methodology of History. It will also contribute to the general molding in the area of the History course. The knowledge students would get in this course will be of great help for their work in the library and archives, also they will learn what research work is and how it should be carried out.

Overall, the course will be a considerable support for all the students during their whole period of studies in the area of History at the University.

Course objectives

The course "Introduction to the Study of History" will intend to reach the following goals:

1. To introduce students the principal concepts of methodology of History, and give them basic knowledge in this area.

2. To be able to successfully face the problems that may be encountered throughout the whole period of studies in the course of History.

3. Students will learn the basic theoretical concepts to be able to work in an objective way and carry out historical research.

4. To orient students to the use of libraries and archives in support of their research work.

5. Students will learn to develop their creativity and work independently in a logical and objective way about the different events and stages of the History of Albania.

6. Students will learn about the development of historiography in general, Albanian historiography, and Albanology.

Course details

LECTURES

Lecture 1. Object of History

The principal questions: The Historical Truth. The relationships between historian and historical fact, the individual and society in the Object of the Knowledge of History. The periods/timing of History.

Objectives: This lecture intends to teach about historical truth, the relationships between historian and historical fact, the individual and society in the Object of History and its periods.

Lecture 2. The Comprehension of History

The principal questions: History as writing actuality and its registration. The authority and its components. The nature of historical belief. The nature of historical security. The probability in History.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the History writing, the relation between authority and its components and about the nature of History.

Lecture 3. The Historian and the History

The principal questions: History as a science. What’s the science, its principal elements? The difference between History and exact science. The competent historian, the principal characteristics. The statement of facts. Two faces of critical judgement. The truth of critical History.

Objectives: This lecture intends to teach about History as a science, the difference between History and exact science, the characteristics of a competent historian, critical judgement etc.

Lecture 4. The aids science of History

The principal questions: French School "Les Annals" for aid sciences. The sciences in aid of History. The kind of writing History.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about "Les Anales" , why the sciences are in aid of History and what’s History writing.

Lecture 5. The methods in History

The principal questions: Methods in History, comprehension and use. Making of historical methods. The causes that influence the start of a new period in the methods of writing History.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the method of History as an indispensability in the work of a historian, the developments of historical methods in different times etc.

Lecture 6. The nature and classification of source

The principals questions: What do students understand under the term historical source, criteria of classification. The sorting of sources.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the classification according to origin, content, and goal, the sorting of narrative, oral and figurative sources.

Lecture 7. The authenticity of source

The principal questions: The criteria of authenticity. Inside and outside criteria. The analysis of historical sources. Criteria and the importance of dates. The criteria of localisation. Determining the author.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the criteria of authenticity and the analysis of historical sources.

Lecture 8. The mechanism in aid of research

The principal questions: Taking notes. The system and technique. The way of historical research. The procedure that will be followed.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the system and technique of taking notes and the procedure of historical research.

Lecture 9. The process of logic reason

The principal questions: Analogy and generalisation. Statistics, hypothesis, and the conjunctures study of History. The discussion about the silence of History.

Objectives: This lecture intends to teach about the value that the analogy and generalisation have in a historical study, the use and independence of discussion about the silence of History.

Lecture 10. Writing History

The principal questions: How to write History right. The method, style and principles of writing History. The representation of research.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the representation of research and how to write objectively the History.

Lecture 11. The division of writing the History

The principal questions: The link between historical writing and the reader of History. The categories and forms.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about he link between historical writing and the reader of History, their categories and forms.

Lecture 12. The Library

The principal questions: The origin of library. The library in worth. The library in Albania. The "Marin Barleti" library of Shkodra. The library of University "Luigj Gurakuqi". How to work in a library.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about work in a library.

Lecture 13. The Archive

The principal questions: What is an archive. The archive in worth. The archive in Albania. The old archive of Shkodra city. How to work in an archive.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the archive and the work in a archive.

Lecture 14. Development of Historiography

The principal questions: Development of Historiography in Antiquity, in Middle Ages and today. The development of Historiography in Italy, Germany, England, France, Austria etc. Humanism, the rise of modern historical searching, Illumines, Historicism and the Historiography of XX century.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about the development of Historiography.

Lecture 15. Albanian Historiography and Albanology

The principals questions: Albanian Historiography and the development of Albanology.

Objectives: The aim of this lecture is to teach about Albanian Historiography and Albanology.

SEMINARS

Seminar 1. Object of History. The Comprehension of History.

Seminar 2. The Historian and History. The aids science of History.

Seminar 3. The methods in History. The nature and classification of source. The authenticity of sources.

Seminar 4. The Mechanism in Aid of Research. The process of logical reason.

Seminar 5. Writing History. The divisions of writing History.

Seminar 6. Library. Archive.

Seminar 7. Development of Historiography. Albanian Historiography and Albanology.

Course Assignment

A short research work about events of the History of Shkodra, a historical personality of the History of Shkodra, or an important institution of the History of this city.

Assessment

Active participation in seminars 10 %

Course Assignment 20 %

Final exam 70 %

Other Rules

1.The attendance in seminars is obligatory.

2.Course assignment is obligatory; those who do not prepare this assignment do not have the right to rewrite it, but they get 0 point.

3.Those who do not sit for the final exam will fail, and will automatically have to repeat the class.

LITERATURE

1.A.Marwick; The nature of History; London 1989

2.A.Munslow; Deconstructing History; London & New York 1997

3.A. Prost; Douze Leçons sur l’histoire; Paris 1996

4.A. Callinicos; Making History; New York 1988

5.B.Croce; La storia come pensiero e come Azione; Roma 1998

6.D.Carr; Time, Narrative and History; Indiana 1998

7.D.Carr; The writing of History; New York 1988

8.E.H.Carr; What is History; London 1987

9.H & I.Marrou; La Conoscenza Storica; Bologna 1988

10.J.Gardiner; What is History Today; London 1988

11.M.Bloch; The historian’s Craft; Manchester 1954

12.P.Burke; Sociology and History; United States 1980

13.P.Burke; Historical Writing; United States 1992

14.P.Gardner; Theories of History; London 1959

15.R.V.Danies; Studyng History How and Why; United States 1997

16.U.Eco; Si behet nje punim diplome, Tirane 1997

17.Zh.Hersh; Habia filozofike; Tirane 1993

18.W.Hoflechner; Hyrje ne Studimin e Historise, Shkoder 2000.



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