|Course Title||Reformation in Central and Western Europe 1400 - 1570|
|Lecturer||Victor P. Likhobabin|
|Institution||Mari State University|
The length of the course on Reformation in Central and Western Europe is 30 academic hours (45 min).
The course is designed for the fourth-year students who choose specialization of Regional History at the Historical faculty for first semester (from September through December). By the 4th year of their education, students have basic and special knowledge in medieval history and experience in the work with primary sources.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE
The course proposes to increase students’ comprehension of the Reformation as a turning point from the Middle Ages to Modern history when a widening majority were involved in public discussion of religious and political issues in the context of national identity, and gained creative potency for reshaping of the image of Western civilization.
It's important to emphasize that, as Philip Schaff has said: "the Reformation was neither a revolution nor a restoration, though included elements of both. That it was negative and destructive towards error, positive and constructive towards truth; it was conservative as well as progressive; it built up new institutions in the place of those which it pulled down; and for this reason and to this extent it has succeeded".
Thus the course is envisioned as a key for comprehension of cultural and political heritage of Europe and for mature understanding of religion as a powerful motive for social activity. It places distinctive stress at the innovation in religious patterns as a cornerstone event in the rethinking of key political and legal ideas and shaping of the Western democracy.
The course achieves an additional goal: it gives an opportunity to clarify and understand the sources of contemporary religious pluralism in cohesion with a cultural diversity. It is supposed to help students engage in mature collaboration in the international community.
METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
The course combines a chronological and problematical approach in the lectures and seminars, where students discuss distinctive questions based on their independent work with scholarly literature and primary sources. Individual work with students will be applied to orient and advise them on written analysis of primary sources text.
REQUIREMENTS AND ASSESSMENT
Students are expected to attend the lectures and show activity in seminars. The texts, relative to theme of the seminars, should be read and students must be able support the discussion. To end the course a written analysis of the one of the items from list of primary sources given below should be presented.
Attendance – 10%
Activity in seminars – 20%
Analytic paper – 30%
Final oral exam – 40%
Europe in the Sixteenth Century / Ed by H.G.Koenigsberger, G.L.Moss, G.Q.Boeler. London, 1989: Chapter 6: Christianity, Popular Culture and Humanism, P. 127; Ch. 7: Reformation, P 160; Ch. 8: A Continued Reformation, P. 182; Ch. 9: The Catholic Reformation, P. 207.
The Heritage of World Civilizations. Vol. I / Ed. by A.M.Craig, W.A.Graham, D.Kagan. N.Y., 1990: Chapter 17: The Age of Reformation and Religious Wars. P. 457 – 649.
Baldwin M. W. The medieval Church. N.Y., 1967.
Holborn, Hajo. A History of Modern Germany: Historic Results of the Reformation / The Development of Civilization: A documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought. Glenview, Ill, 1970. P. 103 – 105.
Lapteva L.P. Hussitskoye dvizenie v Chehii XV veka. Moskva, 1990.
Smirin M.M. Germania epohi Reformatsii i Velikoy Krestyanskoy voyni. Moscow, 1962.
Tawney R.H. Religion and the Rise of Capitalism: Protestantism and Capitalism / The Development of Civilization: A documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought. Glenview, Ill, 1970. P. 99 – 103.
Ian Hus, Martin Luter. Jan Kalvin. Torkvemada. Loyola. Biograficheskie ocherki. Moskva, 1995.
Revunenkova N.V. Renesansnoe svobodomislie I ideologia reformatsii. Moskva, 1988.
Sun-Chzon, Pikov G.G. Jan Kalvin I nekotorie problemi shveytsarskoy Reformatsii. (text in e-format, available in the library at the department of General History)
Anonymous Pamphlet, 1523 // Discovering the Western Past: A Look at the Evidence. V. I. P. 296 – 299.
Calvin, John. Institutes of Christian Religion. Vol. 1 – 4. (Text in e-format from The Master Christian Library in resources of the Department of General History)
Calvin, Jan. O hristianskoy jisni. Moskva, 1995.
Calvin, Jan. Nastavlenie d hristianskoy vere. Moskva, 1997.
Decrees of Sacrosancta and Frequens: The Council of Constance // The Development of Civilization: A documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought. Glenview, Ill, 1970. P. 78.
Documents of the Christian Church / Ed. by H.Bettenson. London, 1967:
The Bull Unigenitus of Clement VI, 1343. P. 182 – 183.
The Machinery of Indulgences. Instruction issued by Albert of Mainz. P184 – 185.
The Ninety-Five Theses, 1517. P. 185 – 191.
The Leipzig Disputation, 1519. P. 191 – 192.
The Diet of Worms, 1521. Luther's Final Answer. P. 199 – 201.
The Confession of Augsburg, 1555. P. 214 – 215.
The Council of Trent, 1545 – 63.
Hus, John. De Ecclesia: Nationalistic Protest // The Development of Civilization: A documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought. Glenview, Ill, 1970. P. 76 – 78.
Lavrentiy iz Brzesovoy. Hussitskaya hronika. Moskva, 1962.
Luther, Martin. Sermon in Erfurt, 1521 // Discovering the Western Past: A Look at the Evidence. V. I. / Ed. by Wicsner M.E., Ruff J.R., Weeler W.B. Boston, 1993. P. 284 – 288.
Luther, Mrtin. Izbrannie proizvedenia. Sanct Peterburg, 1994:
Svoboda Hristianina. S. 16 – 54;
Otkritoe uveschevanie ko vsem hristianam… S. 120 – 129;
O svetskoy vlasti. S. 131 – 163.
Wycliffe, John. Letter to Pope Urban VI, 1384 // The Development of Civilization: A documentary History of Politics, Society, and Thought. Glenview, Ill, 1970. P. 74 – 76.