crc  .  syllabi collection  .  alumni syllabi  .  history  .

   Course Title    Slavic Items in Russian and European 19th Century Political Discourse
Lecturer    Vera S. Dubina
Institution    Samara State University
Country    Russia

Aims of the course

  1. Influence of Western ideas and scholars to the development of Russian social thought.
  2. The role of Slavic Items in Russian and German 19th century political discourse, and how these ideas have been expressed in religion, philosophy, social and historical thought and literature.
  3. Origins of ideals and "idols" in Russian education society in connection with Slavic Items.
  4. "West" and "East" as a concept.

This special course is a part of a long-term course on Russian history and culture. It is for second-year students.

Chronological frame: The first stage Ė from the 18th Century until 50 years into the 19th century (the time when Russian society was becoming self-conscious). The second stage Ė the 60-80s in the 19th century Ė the period of political activity of Russian society, when it started to use ideas and theories in practice.

Course Requirements: Final exam and final paper (15-20 pp.) Regular class reports and discussion of reading, which will be divided among seminar participants.


Introductory lecture

Main methods to study Russian social and political thought used by Russian historiography (pre-Revolutionary, Soviet and modern stages). Foreign historiography traditions: primary interest in Russian history in the 40-70s of the 19th century (Slavic history chairs opened in Berlin, Vienna), activity of American East society. The period of aspiration study of Russian thought (80-90s of the 19th century). The main problems of foreign historiography during the Cold war and ideas of modern scholars (I. Berlin, A. Walicki, A. Vucinich).

Interdisciplinary approaches to investigating history: revised social history (Burke Peter History and Social theory. 2001; Burke Peter The French historical revolution. The Annales School 1929-89. 1999.) Research approaches of Historical Anthropology: New cultural history and Altagsgeschichte.

The main sources on history of Russian thought (theoretical books and articles, social and political journalism, memories and correspondence). Methodology: Positivistic theory of conservative historians (C.F. Olídenburg). The theory of lineal progress development by liberals (A.A. Kornilov, V.V. Leontovich). Marxist historiography. Foreign methodology Ė Intellectual history. Modern methodology discussions (A.S. Ahiezer, IU. Pivovarov)

Russian and European "Reflections on the revolution in France" (18-19th centuries)

Rapid growth period of nobility education. The ideology of Enlightenment predominates: very popular is the conception of individuality and society. Influence of European thinkers on Russian thought (The Note of Catherine the Great to the state committee).

Connections of Russian society with Europe and their attitude to the European way of life and thinking (Fonvisinís "Letters from abroad", Karamzinís "Letters of Russian a traveler").

Response to the French Revolution: E. Burke "Reflections on the Revolutions in France", R. Chateaubriand "Memories After the Grave". Liberal reforms of Alexander I and their influence on nobility: Constitutional ideas of the Decembrists and Karamzinís "Memories of Ancient and Modern Russia".

The term "Slavs" starts to be used as a synonym of "Russian" Ė the Shishkovís circle and his contemporaries.

After the lecture discussion on the article "The Conservative Enlightenment and the Eighteen-Century Recovery of European Self-Confidence" by Laszlo Kontler (History Department Yearbook. CEU. 1997-98. P. 113-134).

Origin of Slavophilism in Russia: the ideas of Slavic unity and "Organic development"

Different reactions to European thought and ideas in Russian society (P. Chaadaev). The problem of historical trends of Russia in social thought: the young part of "Moskvitianin" journal.

Historical theories of slavophiles: people and political power in Russian history, Specific connections between Tsar and people Ė the people rejected political power (A.S. Khomiakov and I. Kireevskii). Contrast between external and internal truth, Russia and Europe, orthodox and catholic religions in the works of Slavophiles. Slavic thinkers and Russian public opinion: Russian slavists (Pogodin, Gilferding etc.) The largest part of the Moscow liberal circle rejected slavophile theories.

Habsburg Empire at the beginning of the19th century: the position of Slavs (especially orthodox Slavs).

"The slaves are the aliens for Western Europe" and the idea of "Narodnost" in Russian social and political thought

"Narodnost" as a state employment: Theory of official Narodnost. (S.S. Uvarov). Controversy of official ideology and society. Different ways to understand the "Narodnost" idea.

Development of organic theory and the origin of political nationalist theories. Influence of Crimean war and Polish rebellion: intellectual shock for Russian society. "Narodnost" idea in the work of "native soul" thinkers (A.A. Grigoriev, F. M. Dostoevskii). Katkovís "Moscow news" and it influence on social opinion. Growing of nationalistic trends: new works of Dostoevskii and Strakhov and their extension from the cultural meaning of "native soul" movement. N. Danilevskii and his book "Russia and Europe" (the theory of culture-historical types). "Russia and Europe" is a turning moment in the development of national ideology (more policy, rejection of progress idea).

Progress in the development of the Slavic Items during the age of "Great reforms": liberal ideology and nationalistic trends.

Political theory of liberalism: the idea of natural low of individuality (Chicherin), different ways of state organization (Kavelin). Evolution of Russian societyís views on conservative and liberal mind in the beginning of the Alexander II reign. Liberalism in opinion of "State history school": S.M. Solovíev and his theory of societyís evolution from family organizations to state. Liberal and "Narodnost " (Nationality) trends in Russian society and their discussions in journals and newspapers: "Vestnik Evropy" (Courier of Europe), "Russkaia Beseda" (Russian Conversation), "Vremia" (Time) and "Epocha" (Epoch).

Russian political conservatives and Slavs in the second half of the 19th century

New type of conservatism was formed on the bases of liberal political ideals and national ideology: State and citizenship society definitions, predomination of policy over internal manís world and state profit idea. Katkov Ė Dostoevsky, Samarin Ė Fadeev discussions. Polish rebellions and their influence on Russian-Slavs connections.

The drawing of the conservative ideas to State ideology. Age of conservatism in the reign of Alexander III: practical character of new conservatism ideology. Russian conservatives and society. Russian society negative reflection towards conservatism and government.

Seminars and tutorials

1. Slavophilesí views on the Russian State

Discussion: Khomiakov A.S. "O starom i novom" (On Ancient and Modern)

Kireevskii I.V. "Deviatnadtsatyi vek" (19th century)

Aksakov I.S. "O russkom vozzrenii" (On Russian views)

Items for discussion

  1. Slavophile conception of the State.
  2. The Tsar and the People.
  3. The role of Orthodox religion.
  4. Slavophiles place in the history of Russian thought.
  5. Understanding the "West" in Slavophile conceptions

2. Historical and political ideas of M.P. Pogodin

  1. The "Normanns problem" and Pogodinís history works
  2. Pogodinís journalistic activity. "Moskvitianin"
  3. Pogodinís views on Slavic and Poland Items
  4. Change of Pogodinís ideals in Great Reforms period

3. Panslav movement in Russia and Slavic countries

Milojkovic-Djuric J. Panslavism and National Identity in Russia and in the Balkans. 1830-1880. Images of the self and others. N.Y., 1994.

Required literature


  1. Aksakov K.S. O russkom vozzrenii. Eshche raz o russkom vozzrenii // Russkaia ideia. M., 1992. (On Russian views)
  2. Aksakov I.S. Slaviane i Zapad // Aksakov I.S. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii. T.2. CPb., 1891. (The Slavs and the West)
  3. Aksakov I.S. pisíma iz provintsii. M., 1991. (The letters from province)
  4. Gradovskii G.K. Itogi (1862-1907). Istoriko-politicheskie ocherki i statíi. Kiev. 1908. (Conclusions (1862-1097). Historical and political articles).
  5. 5. Grigoríev A.A. Razvitie idei narodnosti v nashei literature posle smerti Pushkina // 6. Grigoríev A.A. Sobranie sochinenii. Vyp.3. M., 1915. (The development of nationality idea in Russian literature after Pushkinís death).
  6. Danilevskii N.Ja. Rossia i Evropa. M., 1991. (Russia and Europe).
  7. Dashkova E.R. Zapiski. Pisíma sester M. i K. Vilímont iz Rossii. M., 1987. (Memories. Letters of Vilmontís sisrters from Russia).
  8. Dostoevskii F.M. Polemika protiv M.N. Katkova // Dostoevskii F.M. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii. T.19. L., 1985. (Discussions with Katkov).
  9. Kavelin K.D. Hash umstvennyi stroi. Statíi po filosofii russkoi istorii a kulítury. M., 1989. (Our intellectual life. Articles on Russian culture and philosophy).
  10. Karamzin N.M. Zapiska o drevnei i novoi rossii v politicheskom i grazdanskom ee otnosheniiach. M., 1991. (The memories of Anchient and Modern Russia).
  11. Katkov M.N. Sobranie peredovyh statey "Moskovskih Vedomostey" 1863 g. M., 1897. (Collection of main articles of "Moscow news")
  12. Katkov M.N. O samoderzhavii i konstitutsii. Moscow, 1905. (On autocracy and constitution)
  13. Kireevskii I.I. Otvet A.S. khomiakovu // Kireevskii I.I. Izbrannye statíi. M., 1984. (Response to Khomiakov)
  14. Pobedonostsev K.P. Moskovskiy sbornik. Moscow, 1901. (Moscow anthology).
  15. K.P. Pobedonostsev i ego korrespondenty. Pisíma i zapiski. Moscow - St. Petersburg, 1923. (Pobedonostsev and his correspondence).
  16. Pogodin M.P. Sobranie statei, pisem i rechei po povodu Slavianskogo voprosa. M., 1878. (Collection of articles, letters, speeches on Slavic items).
  17. Pogodin M.P. Statíi o polískom voprose. M., 1864. (Articles on polish items).
  18. Solovíev V.S. Natsionalínyi vopros v Rossii // Solovíev V.S. Literaturnaia kritika. M., 1990. (National item in Russia).
  19. Solovíev S.M. Moi zapiski dlia detei moich, a esli mozno i dlia drugich // Solovíev S.M. Izbrannye trudy, zapiski. M., 1983. (My memories for my children and, probably for others).
  20. Strakhov N.N. Boríba s Zapadom v nashei literature. T.1,3. Kiev. 1898. (Struggle with thw West in our Literature).
  21. Ustrialov N.G. Uchebnik russkoi istorii do 1855. Petrozavodsk. 1997. (Textbook on Russian history till 1855).
  22. Fadeev R.A. Russkoe obshchestvo v nastojashchem i budushchem (Chem nam bytí?) St. Petersburg, 1874. (Russian society and theirs enemies).
  23. Fonvizin D.I. Pisíma iz-za granitsy // Fonvizin D.I., Radishchev A.N. Izbrannoe. M., 1984. (Letters from abroad)
  24. Feoktistov E.N. Za kulisami politiki i literatury. 1848-1896. M., 1991. (Behind the scenes of Politic and Literature).
  25. Khomiakov A.S. Mnenie inostrantsev o Rossii // Khomiakov A.S. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii. T.1.M., 1878. (The foreignersí opinion on Russians).
  26. Khomiakov A.S. Mnenie russkih ob inostrantsah // Khomiakov A.S. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii. T.1.M., 1878. (The Russiansí opinion on foreigners).
  27. Khomiakov A.S O starom i novom // Khomiakov A.S Sochinenia v 2 t. T.1. M., 1994. (On Anchient and Modern).
  28. Chaadaev P.Ja. Statíi i pisíma. M., 1989. (Articles and letters).
  29. Chicherin B.N. Moskva 40h gogov. M., 1997. (Moscow in 40th years).

Russian Literature

  1. Anisimov E.V. Rossia v seredine 18 veka. M., 1986. (Russia in the middle of the 18th century).
  2. Artemíeva T.V. Mihail Shcherbatov. SPb. 1994.
  3. Vdovina L.N. Dvorianskii constitutsionalism v politicheskoi zhizni Rossii 18 veka // Monarchia i narodovlastie v kulíture prosveshchenia. M., 1995. (Constitution ideas of nobility in Russian political life in 18th century).
  4. Vlastí i reformy. Ot samoderzhavnoy k sovetskoy Rossii. SPb, 1996. (Reforms and autocracy).
  5. Zayonchkovkiy P.A. Rossiyskoe samoderzhavie v kontse XIX stoletija. (Politicheskaya reakcija 80 - nachala 90-h godov) M, 1970. (Russian autocracy in the middle of 19th century).
  6. Zeníkovskii V.V. Russkie myslitely i Evropa. M., 1997. (Russian Thinkers and Europe).
  7. Kornilov A.A. Obshchestvennye dvizhenia pri Aleksandre II: istoricheskie ocherki. 1855-1880g. M., 1909. (Social movement in the reign of Alexander II).
  8. Levandovskii A.A. Vremia Granovskogo. U istokov formirovania russkoi intelligentsii. M., 1990. (Times of Granovskii; origins of Russian intelligence).
  9. Leontovich V.V. Istoria liberalizma v Rossii. 1762-1914. M., 1995. (A History liberalism in Russia. 1762-1914).
  10. Lotman Iu. M. Russo i russkaia cultura 18- nachala 19 veka // Russo Zh.-Zh. Traktaty. M., 1969. (Russaue and Russian culture).
  11. Lotman Iu. M. Sotvorenie Karamzina. M., 1987. (Creation of Karamzin).
  12. Milukov P.N. Glavnye techenia russkoi obshchestvennoi mysli. SPb., 1913. (Main trends of Russian social thought).
  13. Pivovarov Iu. Ocherki istorii obshchestvenno-politicheskoi mysli 19 pervoi poloviny 20 stoletia. M., 1997. (Essays on History of social and political thought).
  14. Tvardovskaya V.A. Ideologija poreformennogo samoderzhavija (M.N. Katkov i ego izdanija). M, 1978. (Ideologe of autocracy after reforms).
  15. Ustrialov N. Politicheskaia doktrina slavianophilístva. Harbin. 1925. (Political theory of Slavophilism).
  16. Tsimbaev N.I. Slavianofilístvo. M., 1985. (Slavofilism).

Foreign Literature

  1. Walicki A. V krugu konservativnoi utopii // Slavianofilístvo i zapadnichestvo: conservativnaia i liberalínaia utopia v rabotah A. Valitskogo. M., 1991. #1. (Translation of "Slavopiles utopia").
  2. Vittekker C. Graf Sergei Sevenovich Uvarov i ego vremia. M., 1999. (Translation of "S.S. Uvarov and his time").
  3. Berlin Isaiah. Russian Thinkers. 1994.
  4. Byrnes R.E. Pobedonostsev. His life and thought. Bloomington-London, 1968.
  5. Dowler W. Dostoevsky, Grigoríev and Native Soil conservatism. Toronto. 1982.
  6. Greenfeld L. The Formation of the Russian National Identity: The Role of Status
  7. Insecurity and Resentment // Comparative studies in Society and History. V.32. #3. 1990.
  8. Kohn H. The idea of nationalism. A study of its origin and background. Toronto, 1969.
  9. Lieven D. Russia's rulers under the old regime. New Haven - London, 1989.
  10. Martin A.M. Romantics, reformers, reactionaries. Russian conservative thought and politics in the reign of Alexander I. Dekalb, 1997.
  11. Masarik T.G. The Spirit of Russia. L., N.Y.V.1,2. 1961.
  12. McKean R.B. The Russian constitutional monarchy. 1907-1917. London, 1977.
  13. Pipes R. Russian conservatism in the second half of the nineteenth century// Slavic review. 1971. Vol.30. N1.
  14. Raeff M. A reactionary liberal: M.N.Katkov// The Russian review. 1952. Vol.11. N3.
  15. Riasanovsky N.V. "Nationality" in state ideology during the reign of Nicholas I //The Russian review. 1960. Vol.19.
  16. Riasanovsky Nikolas V. A History of Russia. N.Y., Oxford. 1993.
  17. Thaden Edward C. Conservative Nationalism in XIX century Russia. Seatle. 1964.
  18. Walicki A. A History of Russian Thought from the Enlightenment to Marxism. Stanford. 1979.
  19. Wolff L. Inventing Eastern Europe. The Map of Civilization on the Mind of the Enlightenment. 1994.
  20. Ingaro Charles W. The Habsburg Monarchy 1618-1815. Cambridge. 2000.
  21. Good David F. The Economic transformation of Central and Eastern Europe in Historical perspective: Main themes and issues // History department yearbook. 1993.CEU. P.179-207.

   crc  .  syllabi collection  .  alumni syllabi  .  history  .