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   Course Title    Cultural Anthropology
Lecturer    Ludmila Cojocaru
Institution    University of Moldova
Country    Moldova


Overview

The syllabus is elaborated for students of History and International Department Relations and Law Department and Economic Department.

The objective of the course is to cultivate a general image - synthetic, essential and significant of the most general experiences of humanity materialised in an ensemble of values of civilisation culture, science, technology, thinking and human cognition.

The structure and theme's object defines such orientations and general contents as:

    • Culture and primitive societies;

    • Far East Culture: India, China, Japan;

    • Culture of pre-Columbian America;

    • Culture of Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome;

    • The culture of the middle ages: Romanesque and Gothic Art;

    • The Renaissance and the Baroque and Rococo;

    • The Nineteenth centuries: pluralism of styles;

    • The early twentieth centuries;

    • The culture in the contemporary world.

Practical objectives

  1. To form a coherent system of methods and techniques of intellectual work and investigation, of an objective axiological system of reality. s perception.

  2. To devote the interest for esthetical and general values.

  3. To suggest the necessity of knowledge and importance of self-investigation in the history of culture and civilisation area.

  4. To enlarge the horizon of cognition, supplying, empirical information. s, descriptive that are the basis of conception about man and society.

  5. To determine the assimilation of notions, terms, conceptions of art and culture and use them in the elegant language of speciality.

  6. To suggest description skills, analysis, interpretation and estimation of an art work etc.

  7. Understanding and exploration of interdependence between causality and change, of the realities that cover them.

Grading

Grades on tests and assignment. Students will be asked to write short, one page long position papers, for class. Each paper will be graded on a percentage basis: primarily for (a) content: clear indication that students understand the underlying principles, have mastered the basic mechanics of the technique, and can relate the mechanics to the principles. In addition, (b) clarity of writing and (c) appropriateness of format matters in getting these points across. The papers may be revised and resubmitted within one week of their return to the students for additional credit.

It is expected that the members of the class will write short but important final essays by the end of the semester based, whenever it is possible, on individual research conducted in the Chair History of Romanians, I.I.U.M.

Students will get all necessary help for their individual work.

 

1. Theme. Introduction

Object and main aims of the course. Methodology. The origin and evolution of the concept of "culture". Typology and periodization of cultures. Historiography. Conceptions and contemporary schools.

Recommended Literature:

Popa, George, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei, Iaşi, 1998.

Socolov, Gh. Istoria şi filozofia culturii, Chişinău, 1998

Хоруженко, К., Культорология. Энциклопедический словарь. Ed. Феникс, Ростов на-Дону, 1997.

Левяш, И.Я., Культорология. Курс лекций, Ed. ТетраСистемс, Minsk, 1998.

Учебный курс по культорологии, (ред. Г.В.Драч), Изд. Феникс, Ростов-на-Дону, 1997.

Optional literature:

Антология исследований культуры. Т.1 Интерпретация культуры, Изд. Университетская книга, С-Петербург, 1997.

Тойнби, Арнольд Джозеф, Цивилизация перед судом истории, Изд., Прогресс, М.; СПб, 1996.

Toynbee, Arnold J., Studiu asupra istoriei, 2 vol. Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1997.

Кононенко, Борис Иванович, Культура и цивилизация, М., МЮИ, 1997.

Семенникова, Любовь Ивановна, Проблемы цивилизационного подхода к истории, ВЭГУ, Уфа, 1994.

Современные теории цивилизаций, (ред. Наринский, Михаил Матвеевич), ИВИ, Москва,1995.

Ушаков, Михаил Петрович, Культура и цивилизация, М., ГАУ, 1994.

Pelletier, Antoine, Materialisme historique et histoire des civilisations, Paris, Ed. sociales, 1969.

 

2.Theme. Culture and primitive societies

Chronological and historical periods. Material culture. The primitive religious forms; Animism. Totems. Primitive art; genesis, functions and characteristics. Mural panting. Altamira, Laslo. Paleolithic "Veneers". Stone age.

Recommended Literature:

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Ed. Saeculum I.O., Vol. I, Bucureşti, 1998.

Rudgley, Richard, Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age, London, 1998.

Willet, Frank, African Art, Ed. Thames & Hudson, New York, 1997.

Сапронов, П. А., Курс лекций по теории и истории культуры, Ed. Союз, Moscova, 1998.

Токарев, С.А., Ранние формы религии, ИПЛ, Москва, 1990,

Optional literature:

Gimbutas, Marija, Civilizaţie şi cultură. Vestigii preistorice n sud-estul european, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1989.

Guirand, Felix, Mythes. Mythologie, Larousse-Bordas, Paris, 1996.

Gyorgy, Mandics, Civilizaţia şi culturile Africii vechi, Ed. Sport-Turism, Bucureşti, 1983.

Заболотных, Вячеслав Анатольевич, Человек разумный : Антропогенез и древнейшая история человечества, СПб., 1996.

История искусства зарубежных стран: Первобытное общество. Древний Восток, Античность, Изобраз. Искусство, Москва, 1981.

Клягин, Николай Васильевич, Происхождение цивилизации, М., ИФРАН, 1996

Оля Б. Боги Тропической Африки, Наука, Москва, 1976.

Тайлор Э.Б. Первобытная культура, Политиздат, Москва, 1989.

Фрэзер Дж.Дж. Золотая ветвь: Исследование магии и религии, Политиздат, Москва, 1980.

 

3.Theme. Far East Cultures: India

General characterisation of history and geography of India. Dravidians. Arians. Religious beliefs; Vedism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism. Mentalities: Castes, Family, Education, The aesthetic of Indian art, Sculpture, Painting, Temples, Music, Theatre, Literature, Science.

Recommended Literature:

Ramba, Viorica, Ecologii culturale vechi şi noi n pragul mileniului III, Ed. All Educational, Bucureşti, 1999.

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Ed. Saeculum I.O., Vol. I, Bucureşti, 1998.

Djuvara, Neagu, Civilizaţii şi tipare istorice. Un studiu comparat al civilizaţiilor, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1999.

Eliade, Mircea şi Culianu, Ioan P., Dicţionar al religiilor, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1996.

Delumeau, Jean, Religiiile lumii, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1993.

Collinson, Diane, Robert Wilkinson, Mic dicţionar de filosofie orientală, Ed. Nemira, Bucureşti, 1999.

Lama Anagarika Govinga, Bazele misticii tibetane, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1998.

Васильев, Л.С., История Востока, Том I-II, Изд. Высшая Школа, Москва, 1998.

Optional literature:

Chaudhari, Suresh Chandra, Hindu religion and culture, Chandausi, Asha Prakashan, 1982.

Альбедиль, Маргарита Федоровна, Протоиндийская цивилизация, Очерки культуры, Наука, Москва, 1994.

Бонгард-Левин, Г.М., Древнеиндийская цивилизация, Изд. Наука, Москва, 1993.

Бонгард-Левин, Г.М., Древнеиндийская цивилизация: Философия. Наука. Религия, Изд. Наука, Москва, 1980.

Бонгарл-Левин Г.М. Древнеиндийская цивилизация, Изд. Наука, Москва, 1993

Дмитриева, Н.А., Виноградова Н.А. Искусство Древнего мира, Изд. Дeт. лит., Москва 1986.

Законы Ману, in Хрестоматия по древней истории, В 2 т. Под. ред. Акад. В.В.Струве. Т. 1. Учпедгиз, Москва, 1936,

Моде, X., Искусство Южной и Юго-Восточной Азии, Искусство, Москва, 197

Пандей Р.Б. Древнеиндийские домашние обряды, Изд. Высшая школа, Москва, 1990.

Радхакришнан С. Индийская философия, МИФ, Москва, 1993.

Ригведа : Мандалы I-VI, пер. Т.Я.Елизарeнковой, Наука, Москва,1989.

Темкин Э.Н., Эрман В.Г., Мифы древней Индии, Наука, Москва, 1982.

Улиг, Гельмут, Будда, Изд. Феникс, Ростов на-Дону, 1998.

Упанишады. т. III, Пер А.Я. Сыркина., Изд. Наука, Москва, 1992

Чаттерджи С., Дагта Д., Индийская философия, Изд. Селена, Москва,1994.

4. Theme. Far East Cultures: China

Geographical space and historical stages. Philosophical-religious systems. Confucianism. Taoism. Chang-Buddhism. Virtues, mentalities and behaviour structures. Fine arts, Calligraphy, Painting, Architecture, Music, Literature, Scientific and technique knowledge.

Recommended Literature:

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. II, Bucureşti, 1998.

Gernes, Jacques, Lumea chineză, 2 vol., Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1985.

Thomas, Thilo, Arhitectura clasică chineză, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1981.

Fitzerald, C.P., Istoria culturală a Chinei, Ed. Humanitas, Chişinău,1998.

Cheng, Francois, Arta picturii chineze, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1996.

Eliade, Mircea şi Culianu, Ioan P., Dicţionar al religiilor, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1996.

Гриненко, Г.В., Хрестоматия по истории мировой культуры, Изд. Юрайт, Москва, 1998.

Optional literature:

Steadman, John Marcellus, The myth of Asia, Ed. Macmillan, London, 1970.

Hellemans, Alexander, Bunch, Bryan, Istoria descoperirilor ştiinţifice, Ed. Lider, Bucureşti, 1988.

Алов, А.А., Мировые религии, Изд. Априор, Москва, 1998.

Collinson, Diane, Robert Wilkinson, Mic dicţionar de filosofie orientală, Ed. Nemira, Bucureşti, 1999.

Китайская философия и современная цивилизация, [ред. совет: М. Л. Титаренко и др.], Изд. Фирма "Вост. лит.", Москва, 1997.

Riencourt, Amaury de, Lost world: Tibet, New Delhi, Sterling, 1987.

Address vebsites:

http://www.sesna.com.ua

http://www.delfin.ru/misc/parth/chinahistory.html

5.Theme. Far East Cultures: Japan

Geographical and historical environment of Japan. Traditions and religious systems. Confucian ethics. Japanese Buddhism, Shinto. s. Mentalities and behaviour structures. Family, Education, Dwelling, The Ceremony of Tea, Japanese Art, Painting and Calligraphy, Theatre (No, Kabuki, Joruri, Bugrake, Kauri), Literature (Edo Romans, Haiku poetry, modern literature).

Recommended Literature:

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. II, Bucureşti, 1998.

Vadim & Danielle Elisseff, Civilizaţia japoneză, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1996.

Vlad, Constantin, Japonia. Introducere n istorie, cultură, civilizaţie, Ed. Fundaţiei . Romnia Mare. , Bucureşti, 1998.

Сапронов, П. А., Курс лекций по теории и истории культуры, Изд. Союз, Moscova, 1998.

Хэрн, Л., Душа Японии. Кокоро, Изд. Муравей, Москва, 1997.

Данн, Ч., Повседневная жизнь в старой Японии, Изд. Муравей, Москва, 1997.

Пронников, В.А., Ладанов, И.Д., Японцы, Изд. ВиМ, Москва, 1996.

Pictorial encyclopedia of Japanese culture, The soul a. heritage of Japan, Tokyo : Gakken, 1989.

6. Theme. Cultures of Pre-Columbian America

Maya Civilisation, Aztecs, Incas. Social and political organisation. Religion, Mythology. Philosophy. Cities. Temples-pyramids. Architecture, sculpture, painting. Science, astronomy and the calendar.

Recommended Literature:

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. II, Bucureşti, 1998.

Ramba, Viorica, Ecologii culturale vechi şi noi n pragul mileniului III, Ed. All Educational, Bucureşti, 1999.

Djuvara, Neagu, Civilizaţii şi tipare istorice. Un studiu comparat al civilizaţiilor, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1999.

Thema. Art et Culture. Litterature, Beaux-art, Musique, Cinema, Danse, Medias, Larousse, 1993.

Cтингл, Милослав, Государство инков. Изд, Продресс, Москва, 1986.

Optional literature:

Favre, H., Civilizaţiile precolumbiene. Aztecii. Mayaşii, Incaşii, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1995.

Metraux, Alfred, L. art precolumbien, L. Amerique avant Cristophe Colomb, Ed. Les Beaux Arts, Paris, 1970.

Zuidema, Reinier Tom, La civilisation inca au Cuzco, Paris, Presses univ. de France, 1986.

Păcurariu, F.,Antologia literaturii precolumbiene, Ed. Univers, Bucureşti, 1973.

Burland, C.A., Popoarele soarelui, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1981.

Ruz Lhuillier, Alberto, La civilizacion de los antiguos Mayas, Ed. de ciencias sociales, La Habana, 1974.

7. Theme. Culture of Ancient Egypt

Geographical and historical background. Pharaoh. Cosmogony. Religion and the pantheon. The worship of dead. Ethical norms. Fine arts; painting, sculpture, architecture. Literature. Painting-graphical writing. Medicine. Scientific knowledge. The influence of ancient Egypt to Mediterranean cultures.

Recommended Literature:

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. I, Bucureşti, 1998.

Drioton Etiene, Bourguet, Du Pierre, Arta faraonilor, Vol. I-II, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1972.

Botez-Crainic, Andriana, Istoria artelor plastice, Bucuresti, 1995.

Lalouette, Claire, Civilizaţia Egiptului antic, Vol.I-II, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1987.

Белогрудов, О.А., Культорология, ГИС, Москва, 1997.

Рак, И.В. Легенды и мифы древнего Египта, Изд, Университетская книга, С-Петербург, 1997.

Begelsbacher, Barbara, L'Egypte: Arts et civilisations, Ed. Artis-historia, Bruxelles, 1987.

Address vebsite:   http://history.mtu.ru

8.Theme. Culture of Ancient Greece

Geographical situation and historical epochs. The police. Colonisation. Athenian democracy. Religious beliefs. Olympic gods. Mysteries. Mythology. Classical and Hellenistic art, esthetical principles. Temples, Parthenon, Policlet, Myron, Fidias, Praxites, Scopas, Lysip. Tragedy. Comedy. Music. Poetry. Scientific and philosophic thinking; Astronomy, Geography, Mathematics, Physics, Medicine, Philosophy. The influences of ancient Greeks culture.

Recommended Literature:

Botez-Crainic, Andriana, Istoria artelor plastice, Bucureşti, 1995.

Chamoux, Francois, Civilizaţia elenistică, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1985.

Chamoux, Francois, Civilizaţia greacă, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1985.

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. III, Bucureşti, 1998.

Rachet, Guy, Larousse. Dicţionar de civilizaţie greacă, Ed. Univers enciclopedic, Bucureşti, 1998.

Гомбрих, Эрнст, История искусства, Изд. АСТ, Москва, 1998.

Vernant, Jean-Pierre, Mit şi gndire n Grecia antică, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1995.

Optional literature:

Homer, Odisseia, Paiadeia, Bucureşti, 1997.

Boardman, Lohn, Grecii de peste mări, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1988.

Flaceliere, Robert, Istoria literară a Greciei antice, ed. Univers, Bucureşti, 1970

Gramatopol, Mihai, Civilizaţia elenistică, Ed. Enciclopedică Romnă, Bucureşti, 1974.

Guirand, Felix, Mythes. Mythologie, Larousse-Bordas, Paris, 1996.

Kun, N.A., Legendele şi miturile Greciei antice, Ed. Lider, Bucureşti, 1997.

Plutarh, Oameni iluştri ai Greciei, Ed. Cartier, Chişinău, 1997.

Бонар, Андре, Греческая цивилизация, Изд. Феникс, Ростов-на-Дону, 1994.

Винничук, Л., Люди, нравы, обычаи Древней Греции и Рима, Москва, 1988.

Виппер Б.Р., Искусство Древней Греции. М , 1972

Куманeцкий, К., История культуры Древней Греции и Рима, Изд. Высшая школа, Москва, 1988.

Лосев, А.Ф., Гомер, Москва, 1960.

Лосев, А.Ф., Диалектика мифа, Москва, 1930.

Лосев, А.Ф., История античной эстетики. Ранняя классика. Москва, 1963.

Лосев, А.Ф., История античной эстетики. Софисты. Сократ. Платон, Москва., 1969.

Немировский, А.Я., Мифы Древней Эллады, Москва, 1992.

Радциг, С..И., История древнегреческой литературы, Москва, 1982.

Ривкин, Б.И., Античное искусство, Москва 1972

Сергеев, В,С., История Древней Греции, Москва, 1963.

Тихо-Годи, А., Гомер "Одиссея", Москва, 1987.

Чистякова, Н. А., Вулих, И.В., История античной литературы. Ярославль, 1971.

Шталь, И.В., "Одиссея" . героическая поэма странствий, Москва, 1987.

9. Theme. Culture of Ancient Rome.

Beginning of Rome. Culture of Etruscan. Mentality and Behaviour. Language and Latin writing. Roman law. Religious life; pagan worships, Christianity. Architecture, engineering, art. Characteristics of roman art. Literature, theatre. Education. Applicative technologies. Domain of cognition . Legacy of Rome.

Recommended Literature:

Botez-Crainic, Andriana, Istoria artelor plastice, Bucureşti, 1995.

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. III, Bucureşti, 1998.

Bloch, Raymond, Cousin Jean, Roma şi destinul ei, 2 vol., Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1985.

Denis, G., Lumea etruscilor, vol. I-II, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1982.

Bonfante, Larissa, Civilizaţia etruscilor, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1996.

Guirand, Felix, Mythes. Mythologie, Larousse-Bordas, Paris, 1996.

Balaci, Anca, Mic dicţionar mitologic greco-roman, Ed. Mondero, Bucureşti, 1997.

Кумансцкий, К., История культуры Древней Греции и Рима, Москва, 1988.

Aries, Philippe şi Duby, Georges, (coordonatori), Istoria vieţii private, vol. I-II, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1995.

Моммзен, Теодор, История Рима, 4 тома, Изд. Феникс, Ростов-на-Дону, 1997.

Optional literature:

Dicţionar enciclopedic al Bibliei, Ed. Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1999.

Ферреро Г., Юлий Цезарь, Изд. Феникс, Ростов на-Дону, 1997.

Сизек, Эжен, Нерон, Изд. Феникс, Ростов на-Дону, 1998.

Кораблев, И.Ш., Ганибал, Изд. Феникс, Ростов на-Дону, 1997.

Лесков, Валентин, Спартак, Изд. Феникс, Ростов на-Дону, 1998.

Герцман Е.В., Музыка древней Греции и Рима, Изд. Алетеия, СПб, 1995.

Гиро П., Частная и общественная жизнь римлян, Изд Алетеия, СПб,1995.

Зелинский Ф.Ф., История античной культуры, Изд Марс, СПб.,1995.

История искусства зарубежных стран: Первобытное общество, Древний Восток, Античность, Под. ред. М.В.Доброклонского и А.П.Чубовой, Изд. Изобраз. искусство. Москва, 1981.

Петроний Арбитр, Сатирикон, Государственное издательство, 1924.

Плиний Старший, Естествознание. Об искусстве, Изд Ладомир, Москва,1994.

Светоний Гай Транквилл, Жизнь двенадцати цезарей, Правда, Москва, 1988.

Суриков, Игорь Евгеньевич, Античная цивилизация: Греция, М., МФТИ, 1997.

Address vebsites:

http://rome.webzone.ru

 

10 Theme. Culture of The Byzantine Empire.

Geographical space and historical stage. Mentalities and behaviour. Book. s circulation and medieval library. Orthodoxy Crethianity. Literature. Theatre and dramaturgy. Architecture and constructions. Plastically Art. Music. Science. Influence of the Byzantine culture in the South . Eastern Europe.

Recommended Literature:

Diehl, Charles, Istoria Imperiului Bizantin, Ed. Scorilo, Bucureşti, 1999.*

Лазарев, В.Н., История византийской живописи, Том. I-II, Изд. Искусство, Москва, 1986.*

Каждан, А.П., Византийская культура, Изд. Алетейа, С-Петербург, 1997.*

Olteanu, Antoaneta, Civilizaţia rusă, Ed. Cartea universală, Bucureşti, 1998.*

Galben, Andrei, Istoria scurtă a Bizanţului, Chişinău, 1991.#

Медведев, И.П., Византийский гуманизм XIV-XV, Изд. Алетейа, С-Петербург, 1997.#

Optional literature:

Grabar, Andre, Iconoclasmul bizantin, Ed. Meridiane, 1991.

Daşcov, S.B.,mpăraţi Bizantini, Ed. Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1999.

Delvoye, Ch., L. art byzantin, Paris, 1967.

Pselos, Mihail, Cronografia. Un veac de istorie bizantină (976-1077), Ed. Polirom, Iaşi, 1998.

Прокопий Кесарийский, Война с персами. Война с вандалами. Тайная история, С-Петербург, 1998.

Плач о падении Константинополя, in Памятники византийской литературы 1Х-ХIV веков, Наука, Москва, 1969.

Тяжелов В.Н., Соноцинский О.И., Исскусство Средних веков: Византия. Армения и Грузия. Болгария и Сербия. Древняя Русь. Украина и Белоруссия, Изд. Искусство, Москва, 1975.

Runciman, Steven, Byzantine style and civilization, Ed. Penquin books, Harmondsworth, 1981.

Runciman, Steven, Căderea Constantinopolului, Ed. Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1991.#

Iorga, Nicolae, Istoria vieţii bizantine: Imperiul şi civilizaţia după izvoare, Ed. Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1974.#

 

11 Theme: Medieval Occidental Culture

Notion "Middle Age". Periodization. Institutions and Political Mentality. Social-economical structures. Church and Religious. Mentalities structures; Monahism and cavalerism; Medieval symbolism. Literature. Theatre, dramaturgy. Architecture and constructions. Plastically arts. Romanesque and Gothic stiles. Circulation of books. Educational occidental universities. Geographical discoveries. Science.

Recommended Literature:

Drimba, Ovidiu,Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. IV-VIII, Bucureşti, 1998.

Ramba, Viorica, Ecologii culturale vechi şi noi n pragul mileniului III, Ed. All Educational, Bucureşti, 1999.

Scobeltzine, Andre, Arta feudală şi rolul ei social, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1979.

Faure, Elie, Istoria artei. Arta medievală, Ed Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1988.

Le Goff, Jaques, Omul medieval, Ed. Polirom, Iaşi, 1999.

Le Goff, Jaques, Civilizaţia Occidentului medieval, Bucureşti, 1970.

Сапронов, П. А., Курс лекций по теории и истории культуры, Изд.. Союз, Moscova, 1998.

Pacaut, Marcel, Rossiaud Jacques, Epoca romanică, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1982.

Optional literature:

Bloch, March, Societatea feudală. Clasele şi crmuirea oamenilor, Ed. Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1998.

Duby, Georges, Vremea catedralelor, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1998.

Le Goff, Jaques, Imaginarul Medieval, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1991.

Morrisson, Cecile, Cruciadele, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1998.

Scobeltzine, Andre, Arta feudală şi rolul ei social, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti,1979

Данте, А., Божественная Комедия, Изд. Наука, Москва, 1968.

Дюби, Ж., Европа в средние века, Изд. Полиграмма, Смоленск, 1994.

Карсавин, Л.П., Монашество в средние века, Изд. Высшая школа, Москва, 1992.

Ле Гофф, Ж., Цивилизация средневекового Запада, Изд. группа "Прогресс", Москва, 1992.

Мерцалова, М.Н., Костюм разных времен и народов, В 2 т. Т. I., АО Академия моды, Москва, 1993.

Руа, Ж.Ж., История рыцарства, Изд. Алейтейа, Москва,1996.

Тяжелев, В.Н., Искусство средних веков в Западной и Центральной Европе, Изд, Искусство, Москва, 1981.

Фома Аквинский, Сумма теологиии in Антология мировой философии, В 4 т. Т 1, Мысль, Москва, 1969.

Хейзинга И., Осень Средневековья. Исследование форм жизненного уклада и форм мышления в XIV и XV веках во Франции и Нидерландах, Изд. Наука, Москва,1988.

Cazan, Florentina, Cruciadele. Monumente de confluenţă ntre două civilizaţii, Ed. Academiei Romne, Bucureşti, [1995]. #

Barc, William Carol, Origins of the Medieval World, New-York, 1960.#

12 Theme. Culture of European Renaissance

Chronology, geography and social-economical premises. Proto-Renaissance and Early-Renaissance n Italia; Dante Alighieri, Francesco Petrarca, Lorenzo Vala, Leon Batista Alberti. Giovanni Boccaccio. Rainessance. s Humanity. Culture of town-republics; Veneţia, Florence, Padova. Plastically Arts; Giotto di Bondone, Masaccio.

Culture of High and Late Renaissance. Titanics of Renaissance; Leonard Da Vinci, Rafael, Michelangelo. Italians Renaissance in the XVI centuries; Guilio Romano, Giovani Bellini, Giorgione, Tiziano Vecelli. Esthetic of Mannerism. Renaissance outside of Italy: Franca, England, Portugal, Germany, Holland, Flanders, Spain; Jan Van Eyck, Roier van der Weyden. Hugo van der Goes. Hieronimus Bosch, Hans Memling, Albrecht Altdorfer, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Matthias Grunewald, Albreht Durer, Quentin Metsys, Jan Gossaert, Bartholomeus Spranger, Joachim Patimir Pieter Bruegel tha Elder, El Greco. Francois Rabelais, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Lope de Vega, William Shakespeare. Sciences.

Recommended Literature:

De La Croix, Horst, Gardner. s Art. Through the ages, Harcourt Brace College Publishers, Fort Worth Philadelphia, 1991.

Delumeau, Jean, Civilizaţia Renaşterii, 2 vol., Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1995

Drimba, Ovidiu, Istoria culturii şi civilizaţiei. Ediţie definitivă, Vol. IX-X, Bucureşti, 1999.

Larousse. L. histoire de l. art, (sous la direction de Albert Chatelet), Ed. Larousse, Paris, 1995.

Гомбрих, Эрнст, История искусства, Изд. АСТ, Москва, 1998.

История культуры стран Западной Европы в эпоху Возрождения, (ред. Л.М.Брагина), Изд. Высшая Школа, Москва, 1999.

George Holmes, Renaissance, 1996.

Optional literature:

Brion, Marcel, Machiavell. Geniu şi destin, Ed. Artemis, Bucureşti, 1998.

Burckhardt, Jakob, Cultura Renaşterii n Italia, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1969.

, ., , , 1989.

, .., , , 1983.

Gilson, Etiene, L. Humanisme medievale et la Renaissance, Paris, 1982.

Nordstrom, J., Moyen Age et Renaissance, Paris, 1983.

Potter, G.R., The Renaissance, 1493-1520, Cambridge, 1957.

Ferguson, Wallace K., Europe in transition, 1300-1520, Houghton Miflin Company, Boston, 1962.

13 Theme:Roumanian Culture in the Middle Ages

Characteristic of Roumanian culture in the Middle Ages. Medieval monastically complecs . centre of Roumanian culture and spirituality. Chronograph; Roumanian-slavons annals, Grigore Ureche, Miron Costin, Ion Neculce. Nicolae Milescu, Dimitrie Cantemir.

Recommended Literature:

Bărbulescu, Mihai, ş.a.,Istoria Romniei, Ed. Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1998.

Cartojan, N., Istoria literaturii romne vechi, Ed. Fundaţiei culturale romne, Bucureşti, 1996.

Rotaru, Ion, O istorie a literaturii romne, Ed. Porto-Franco, Galaţi, 1994.

Eşanu, Andrei, Cultură şi civilizaţie medievală romnească, Ed. ARC, Chişinău, 1996.

Călinescu, George,Istoria literaturii romne, Editura Cartier, Chişinau, 1995.

Monumenta Linguae Dacoromanorum, Biblia, 1688, Pars I-II, Genesis, Iasi, 1988.

 

14 Theme. The eighteenth centuries: Rococo and the birth of the modern world

The Early Eighteenth Centuries: Late Baroque and Rococo. Late Baroque and Palladian Classicism in England. Rococo: The French Taste. Rococo and Late Baroque in Italy and Germany.

The Later Eighteenth Centuries: The Berth of the Modern World. Reaction Against the Rococo: "Naturalness" in Landscape and Portraitures. The Enlightenment: sciences, technology and moral education. The Onset of Romanticism: "Gothic" and Neo-classical Taste. Romanticism and Sublime and the Terrible.

Recommended Literature:

Aries, Philippe, Duby, Georges, Istoria vieţii private, Ed. Meridiane, vol.IX., Bucureşti, 1995.

L. histoire de l. art, (sous la direction de Albert Chatelet et Bernard-Philippe Groslier), LAROUSSE, 1995.

Oprescu, G., Manual de istoria artei. Barocul, Ed.Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1985.

Thema. Art et Culture. Litterature, Beaux-art, Musique, Cinema, Danse, Medias, Larousse, 1993.

Viorica Ramba, Ecologii culturale vechi si noi in pragul mileniului III, All Educational, Bucuresti, 1999.

Гомбрих, Эрнст, История искусства, Изд. АСТ, Москва, 1998.

Гриненко, Г.В., Хрестоматия по истории мировой культуры, Изд. Юрайт, Москва, 1998.

 

15 Theme: The Culture of Modern World

The Nineteenth centuries: pluralism of styles. Romanticism. The Rise of Realism: the recording Eye. Seeds of Realism Painting. The beginning of Photography. Realism in the second Half of the Century. Courbet and the Theme of realism. Variation of Forms. Photography and sculpture. Manet and Impressionism. Post-Impressionism. Late Century Romanticism: Visionary Art. Architecture in the Late Nineteenth Century: the Beginnings of a New Style. The Early twentieth century. Art with Formalist Concerns. Cubism. Art with Psychological and Conceptual Concerns. Expressionism: Bold and Dark Vision. Dada and the Surreal. Abstract Formalism. Art with Social Political Concerns. The power of the Visual World. Activism and Art.

Recommended Literature:

Aries, Philippe, Duby, Georges, Istoria vieţii private, Ed. Meridiane, vol.IX., Bucureşti, 1995.

Faure, Elie, Istoria artei. Arta modernă, Ed.Meridiane, vol.1,2, Bucureşti, 1988.

Jean-Philippe Breuille, Dictionnaire de peinture et de sculpture. L. Art du XIXe siecle. Larousse, 1993.

L. histoire de l. art, (sous la direction de Albert Chatelet et Bernard-Philippe Groslier), LAROUSSE, 1995.

Michael Levey, L. art du XVIIIe siecle, Flammarion, Paris, 1993.

Oprescu, G., Manual de istoria artei postimpresionismul, Ed.Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1986.

Ramba, Viorica, Ecologii culturale vechi si noi in pragul mileniului III, All Educational, Bucuresti, 1999.

Rewald, John, Istoria impresionismului, Ed.Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1974.

Rewald, John, Postimpăresionismul, Ed.Meridiane, vol.1,2, Bucureşti, 1978.

Thema. Art et Culture. Litterature, Beaux-art, Musique, Cinema, Danse, Medias, Larousse, 1993.

Williams, Raymond Culture and society: 1780-1950 Penguin Books, 1984

Гомбрих, Эрнст, История искусства, Изд. АСТ, Москва, 1998.

Гриненко, Г.В., Хрестоматия по истории мировой культуры, Изд. Юрайт, Москва, 1998.

 

16 Theme:The Culture in contemporary world

Art with Formalist Concerns. Abstract Expressionism. Organic and Colour-Field Abstraction. Formalist Abstraction. Art with Psychological and Conceptual Concerns. Expressionism Figuration. Pop Art. Art and Technology. Video Art. Postmodernism. Art with Social Political Concerns. Activist Art. Earth and Site Art. Sciences. Mass-media.

Recommended Literature:

Aries, Philippe, Duby, Georges, Istoria vieţii private, Ed. Meridiane, vol.X., Bucureşti, 1998.

Bellah, R., N., Americanii. Individualism şi dăruire, Humanitas, Bucureşti, 1998.

Dictionnaire de painture et de sculpture. L. art du XXe siecle ( sous la direction de Jean-Philipp Breuille), LAROUSSE, 1991.

Grosser, Alfred, Occidentalii. Ţările Europei şi Statele unite după război, CEU, Bucureşti, 1999.

L. histoire de l. art, (sous la direction de Albert Chatelet et Bernard-Philippe Groslier), LAROUSSE, 1995.

Ramba, Viorica, Ecologii culturale vechi si noi in pragul mileniului III, All Educational, Bucuresti, 1999.

Richter, Maurice N. Science as a cultural process, Cambridge, 1972

Stark, Rodney,

The future of religion. Secularization, revival a. cult formation, Univ. of California press, Cop. 1985

Thema. Art et Culture. Litterature, Beaux-art, Musique, Cinema, Danse, Medias, Larousse, 1993.

Williams, Raymond Culture and society: 1780-1950 Penguin Books, 1984

Гомбрих, Эрнст, История искусства, Изд. АСТ, Москва, 1998.

Михайловска, Елена Василева, Цивилизация и цивилизации : Теории и идеи на XX век, Изд-во на Софийския унив. "Св. Климент Охридски", София,1991

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