|Course Title||Ukrainian History in the 20th Century: European Context|
|Institution||Academy of National Economy|
I. AIM OF THE COURSE
The course „UKRAINIAN HISTORY IN THE 20th CENTURY: EUROPEAN CONTEXT" is intended for detailed analysis of historical processes in Ukraine in the 20th century against a background of global changes which took place during that time in Europe, based on modern methodology. Special emphasis is given to study of the interference of events and processes of European and Ukrainian history of the 20th century.
The course has three aims. The first is to help the students to form objective complex conceptions about main historical processes (political, social-economical, ideological) which took place in Ukraine and in Europe in the 20th century.
The second aim of the course is to teach the students to comprehensively and critically analyze and appreciate Ukrainian history in light of European events, using Ukrainian and western historiography.
The third aim is to help the students to develop a comparative-analytical approach to the study of the history of the 20-th century, which could help them to see the common tendencies of historical development in European countries as well as the specific character and peculiarities of some of them.
II. ROLE OF THE COURSE IN THE OVERALL DEGREE CURRICULUM
The course„UKRAINIAN HISTORY IN THE 20th CENTURY: EUROPEAN CONTEXT" is one of the general educational courses offered at the National Academy of Management. It is intended for first-year students who are familiar with the history of Ukraine and with the history of Europe from the regular courses taught at secondary schools.
The course is taught at the Economic Department and the Department of Legal Studies and is compulsory for obtaining the Bachelor degree.
III. METHODS USED
Different methods are used in the course for more effective learning of the studied material. The classes are conducted in the form of traditional lectures-seminars, as well as in the form of seminar-debates, which stimulate the students’ oral skills. Besides this, students have to make one written project on a specific theme and to prepare group presentations on one of the selected problems.
IV. COURSE CONTENT
Introduction to Ukrainian history as a part of European history in the 20th century. A survey of main conceptions in Western and Ukrainian modern historiography.
2. FIRST WORLD WAR AND UKRAINIAN ASPECT
First World War and the impact on empires: „exercises in self-destruction". Ukrainians in the First World War: on both of the warring sides; to kill each other or to use new political opportunities for the formation of an independent Ukrainian state?
3. THE UKRAINIAN REVOLUTION:DREAMS AND REALITY
The Russian Revolutions and their influences on events in Central and Eastern Europe. Ukrainian Revolution: successes and failures of the Central Rada; „attempting to create a whole new world from nothing". The evolution of the Ukrainian national idea: from federalism to independence. Conservatism and socialism in Europe and models of Ukrainian statehood: the Hetmanate and the Directory.
Ukrainian lands – a change Creating new independent states in Eastern Europe as a result of empire collapse and the defeat of the Ukrainian national movement: internal and external reasons; the hesitation of Ukrainian intelligentsia. Social transformation of national liberation? The underdevelopment of the Ukrainian national movement. The attitude of European countries toward Ukrainian statehood.
4. UKRAINIAN NATIONALISM BETWEEN THE WARS: SOVIET AND WESTERN UKRAINIAN PARADIGMS
National Ideas in Soviet Ukraine in the 1920’s – symbiosis of nationalism and communism. Ukrainization. National communism as a popular universal ideology and its reception in Ukraine: Khvyloyvism, Shumskyism, Volobuevism. Two social bases of Ukrainian nationalism: the intelligentsia and the peasantry and Stalin’s terror of the 1930’s against them.
The new status of Western Ukrainians after the First World War and „new nationalism". The integral nationalism as a reaction of the national liberation movement on the defeat of the Ukrainian revolution of 1917-1920. The ideology and the organization of integral nationalism.
5.UKRAINE UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF TOTALITARIANISM (FASCISM ,STALINISM)
The new political order in Europe after First World War. The reasons behind the coming to power of radical political forces: extreme right in one case and extreme left in the other.
The essence of fascism and communism and their comparative characteristics. Common features: absence of democracy, „the goal justifies the means’. The core of ideologies: fascist(the idea of powerful state, greatness of nation, apology of political Machiavellism) and communist(the idea of stirring up class hatred, world socialist revolution).
Ukrainian lands as „a change card" in the hands of powerful states: consequences of the Munich Treaty and the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
6. WORLD WAR II AND THE PROBLEMS OF UKRAINIAN STATEHOOD
Ukraine in the context of opposition between Germany and the USSR: the attempt of the Ukrainian national liberation movement at the head of UNO (Ukrainian National Organization) to create a Ukrainian state under Germany’s protectorate.
Attitude of fascist and communist regimes to national liberation movements at the time of World War II and to the Ukrainian national liberation movement inclusive.
Totalitarian regimes and national churches. Collaboration as a historical phenomenon in the occupied territories, its nature.
7. EUROPE AND UKRAINE AFTER WORLD WAR II
The end of World War II and Stalin’s totalitarian triumph in Central and Eastern Europe. Communist dictatorships and their manifestations in European countries.
The impact of the war on Ukraine: similarities and differences of the situation. The incorporation of Western Ukraine into the USSR and the attitude of Grate Britain and the United States toward Stalin’s annexation.
A new history of Western Ukrainians: positive (all Ukrainians are in a single state, industrial modernization of Western lands) and negative (Stalin’s dictates, separation from the political and cultural values of Europe, the liquidation of the Greek Catholic church) consequences.
8. THE THAW AND PARADIGMS OF DEVELOPMENT IN the 1960’s
Stalin’s death and a new era in Soviet, Central and Eastern European history: hopes and disappointments. An era of reform, experimentation, and liberalization.
De -Stalinization and changes in political, cultural, and economic life of Ukrainian society: their inconsequential and controversial character. Educational reform: Ukrainization instead of Russification and its place in the context of national identity in the middle of the 20th century. The cold war and the Ukrainian problem.
9. THE NEW EUROPE AND UKRAINE
The totalitarian collapse: Soviet Union and communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe ceased to exist. The start of reforms and democracy: the problems of transition; differences and similarities.
The proclamation of Ukrainian independence - a decision of monumental significance of the 20th century. Independence and its consequences. Ukraine – a full-fledged member of the community of nations. Western policy toward Ukraine.
10. UKRAINE AFTER TOTALITARIANISM
The impact of the historical Ukrainian legacy on the troubled transition from totalitarianism to democracy: provincial isolation, unconsolidated social and national identity, deep regional divisions. Post-totalitarian capacities: the manifestation of totalitarian conscience in new conditions of Ukrainian transformation.
The problems of Ukrainian elites: fashioning a postcolonial elite. Ukrainian national identity: nation-building policies; obstacles of nation-building. Ukrainian mentality in the independent state: the contradictions of manifestation.
Is there a future as Europe?
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