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   Course Title    Gender Problems in Multiethnic Society
Lecturer    Feride Zurikashvili
Institution    Tbilisi State University
Country    Georgia


This course is a new discipline in Social Geography and is the continuation of the course "Gender Geography". It is tought to the students of MD of the Department of Social-Economical and Political Geography, during the 1st semester of the 1st year.

Students learn the values of the democratic society, with the new approach of the gender issues they change their experience of alredy learnt population geography, ethnography, social geography, sociology, politology, psychology, etc. They realise many problems of poliethnic society and will try to use their knowledge to solve them.

Objectives of the Course

  1. The aim of this course is to establish an absolutely new discipline in the University. With the usage of the method of gender balance we realize many problems which exist in the poliethnic society so that the young people could have the sense of equal citizenship.
  2. The course will play a great role in raising the vital interests among students toward Gender Studies as a new outlook for their future researches. It will reasure people that with the approach of gender issues and other ways of democratic society, it will be much more easier to solve many problems of multiethnic society.

Course Detail

Main issues of the feminism and gender theory and ethnology

Week 1

Lecture topic: What’s Gender and Multiethnic Society?

Objectives: The place of this subject in the system of science. Its structure and links with other disciplines. The definition of main definitions: Gender, Gender Identity, Gender Ideology, Differentiation, Feminism, Ethnic Groups in Pluralistic Society, Ethnic Majority and Minority, the forms of Ethnic Relation: nationalism, separatism, iridentism, racism, citizenship and society. Theorizing Nations and States. National Gender and Gendered Nations.

  1. A Feminist Glossary of Human Geography-ed. By L. McDewell, J.P. Sharp, 1999, (Lon., NY., Sidn.)
  2. Space, Gender, Knowledge, ed. By L. McDewell, J.P. Sharp, 1997, NY
  3. The Dictionary of Antropology., ed. By T. Barfield., 1999, Oxf. UK
  4. N. Yuval-Devis, Gender & Nation, 1997, Lond.
  5. J. Macionis, Sociology, 1997, Prentice Hall, New Jersey
  6. Crestomatology "The Basics of the Gender Researches"

Week 2

Lecture topic: Theoretical and Methodological Tools of Gender Study of Multiethnic Society

Objectives: To explain the significance of feminism, feministic epistomology and methodology. Women liberation movement. Feminism theories: reformation feminist theories (liberal, marxist, socialist, development Feminism). Gender resistance Feminism (radical, lesbian, Phsichoanalitical, standpoint feminism). Gender Rebellion Feminism (multiracial, men’s, social, postmodernist feminism). Does Georgian Society need Feminism?!

  1. Modern Feminisms (political, liberary, cultural), ed. By M. Hamm, 1992, NY
  2. F. Lober, Feminist Theories, NY 1997
  3. Reproducing Gender. Politics, Publics and everyday life after Socialism, ed. By S. Gal and G. Kligman, 2000, NJ
  4. Chrestomaty "Basics of Gender Researches", M., 2000. (pg. 26-80)

Week 3

Lecture Topic: Women Space in Georgian Cultures

Objectives: The formation of Georgian society, the charasteristics of ethnography. Ethnic relations during Soviet period. PostSoviet conflicts. Women’s childhood, marrige, family and society in different cultures.

  1. V. Jaoshvili, The Population of Georgia in the 18-20th centuries, Tb. 1984
  2. The History of the Ancient East’s People, ed. By G. Melikishvili, Tb. 1971
  3. I. Chanturishvili, Ethnology, Tb. 1993
  4. R. Gachechiladze, The New Georgia:Space, Society, Politics, Lond., 1995

Week 4

Lecture topic: Women Rights in context of Human Rights in Multiethnic Society

Objectives: International institutions of Human Rights, International documents about human and women’s rights, women’s rights in national aspects, the phsychological mechanism of realisation of women’s rights, the demands of already gained in different social groups, "Let the Law rule our world!"

  1. Women Rights- Georgian Young Lawers Association, Tb. 1999
  2. M. Tsereteli, Women Rights’ in the frame of their priceness.
  3. J. Mertus, Our Human Rights, A Manual for Women’s Human Rights, Max. 1996 (in Russian)
  4. We declear our rights, ed. By M. Shuler, M. 1996 (in Russian)
  5. International Bill of Human Rights, Georgian Young Lawyers Association, Tbilisi, 1999 (in Georgian)

Week 5

Lecture topic: Socialization of Gender Roles in Multiethnic Society

Objectives: Biological and phsychological differences between men and women. The Institutions of gender roles: The before school environment (family, relatives, ethnic community, neighbours, kindergarten), school, high education, press, TV, books, traditions, social environments, gender roles: kids, youth, older people. Georgian Ethno-Geographycal charasteristics and gender stereotypes.

  1. J. Lorber, Paradoxes of Gender, 1994, Yale Univ.
  2. J. Farley, Sociolog, 1997., NJ.
  3. E. Giggens, Sociology, M. 1999
  4. L. Surmanidze, Some of the Orientation of Georgian Culture
  5. Georgia’s Ethnography, Tb. 1991

Week 6

Lecture topic: Cultural Reproduction and Gender relation

Objectives: Definition of the notion of culture, culrural difference: nationalism and sexuality, assimilation and separatism. Cultural change and modernity, fundamentalism and westernization. Globalization and Georgian Culture. Inequality in the process of Globalization. Multiculturalism and Identity politics.

  1. N. Yurnal-Davis, Gender and nation, Saje p., 1997, Lond.
  2. Between Womenand Nation, ed. By C. Kaplan, etc., 1999, Duke Univ., Durham and London
  3. Georgian Geography, Tb., 1991
  4. Sex, Gender, Culture, ed. By E. Shore, M., 2000

Weeks 7-14

Gender, Politics, States and Societies

Week 7

Lecture topic: Gender Reconstruction of Political Science

Objectives: study politics as a society event, the development of political science’s feminist-political analysis, government, its resources, methods of doing it, types of legal government, the separation of government, the governing power in Georgia and its easy end.

  1. M. K. Beard, Women as Force in History, NY, 1964
  2. B. Rogers_52% Getting Women’s Power in to Politics, 1983, lon.
  3. Sex Equality Policy in Western Europe, ed. By F. Gardiner, 1997, Roultegde
  4. Basics of Gender Issues, ed. By I. Zerebkina. 2000, Xarkov
  5. Status of Women in Georgia, 1999, Tb.

Week 8

Lecture topic: Political Elit and Women Leadership

Objectives: Realizing the role of political elite in our society, the theory of political elit, modern political elit in different types of countries, how can we become the member of political elit?! The idea of leader in the history of political idea and women’s place. The theories of Leadership, its types, Gender Gulf, women leadership, famous women leaders.

Week 9

The regional aspects of the experience of women leadership: USA, Germany, UK, France, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, Hungary, Poland; Women’s Leadership in Georgia

  1. F. Davis, Moving the Mountain, 1991, NY
  2. N. Woloch, Women and the American Experience, 1994, NY
  3. Women and Politics Worldwide, ed. By B. Nelson, 1994, Yale Univ.
  4. A Tukvadze, Political Elit, Tb. 1998

Week 10

Lecture topic: Gender, State politics and Society

Objectives: State as a studying object of Political Institution, political science’s ideas of citizenship society, its structure, charasteristics. Women Movements’ role in its development in western countries, its biulding process and women NGO’s in Georgia

  1. S. Evans, Born for Liberty, a History of Women in America, 1989, NY
  2. E. Janeway, Powers of the Weak, 1980, NY
  3. J. Shrijvers – The Violence of Development, 1993, Amst.
  4. G. Mkurnalidze, M. Khamkhadze, Politology, Tb. 2000
  5. The role of women in the development of society, The international educational center of Georgiand and German women, Tb., 2000
  6. Women Movement and Social Issues in Modern Georgia.

Week 11

Lecture topic: Gender, Political Institutions, Political Parties

Objectives: To analize political parties, their types, functions, the reason of creating them, their nature, the experience of other countries. The political parties in modern Georgia and women involvement.

Week 12

The types of political involvement elections. The experience of other countries: the influence of the elections on the political situation. The results of the elections gender balance in the government. Election System in Georgia and its results.

  1. Women and Politics Worldwide, ed. By B. Nelson and N. Chowdhury, 1994, Yale Un.
  2. R. Gordeziani, The problem of building Georgian Mentality
  3. N. Romeri, Political Science, Aims, Spheres, Tb. 1993
  4. J. tagarti, G. Margvelashvili, The study book of Election Company, Tb. 1999

Week 13

Lecture topic: Political culture in multiethnic society

Objectives: The realtionship of political culture with national, historical and religious traditions, character and thinking stereotypes, moral norms. How do political culture and political system come together?! The charasteristics of regional researches of populations’ political culture in Georgia: ethnical factors and powers in political culture.

  1. M. Veberi, Politics as Part of the Arts, Tb., 1984
  2. G. Abesadze, Political Socialization, Tb. 1996
  3. J. Jaliashvili, Political Rule and Prognoses, Tb. 1996
  4. Changing Perceptions, ed. By T. Wallace with C. March, OxFAM, 1991
  5. Gender and Culture, Tb. 1998

Week 14

Lecture topics: Conflicts and Women

Objectives: Conflict and the ways of studying them, their types; solving conflicts – as an act of partnership: cooperation during studies, communication, negotiations, facilitation. Social conflicts in Georgia. Ethno-Political conflicts in Georgia. Women, War and Peace in Culture of Violence. Women and the Politics of Peace: Lessons Learned from the War in Chechnia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.

  1. Thomas Buck, Women, War and Displacement in Georgia, Wash. 1996
  2. Vickers Jeanne, Women and War, Lon., 1993
  3. Modenr Ethnosocial Processes in Georgia, Tb. 1989
  4. G. Pirtsxalava, Georgia’s Population: national elements, families, migration. Tb. 1997
  5. F. Zurikashvili- The Socio-Economic Status of Women with Children among IDP’s in Contemporary Georgia, Tb. 1998
  6. L. Melikishvili, Conflict Situations in Political Society, Tb., 1998

Week 15 Gender Problems in The Economy

Lecture topic: Gender Problems In Georgia’s Economy

Objectives: Realize gender problems in Georgian economy. The explanation of Neoclasical economical theory by feminism. Private and Public Sphere, the object of gender economic studies, the realtionship between them, the theories of marcket discrimination, gender segregation on the marcket, working places for women. Feminization of unemployment and poverty and its regional aspects in Georgia

  1. N. stockman, N. Bonney, Sh. Xeuwen, Women’s Work in East and West, 1995, UEL Press
  2. B. Reskin and J. Padavic, Women and Men at Work, 1994, Pine Forge Press
  3. G. Tarxan-Mouravi , Povery in Changing Society; Georgia, Tb., 1998
  4. M. Tuxashvili, Women in the Villages, Tb., 1998
  5. N. Shioshvili, The Issue of Women’s Work, Tb., 1998

Week 16

Lecture topic: Gender Problems in the Ecology, Women and the Environment

Objective: Ecology and Feminism. Ecofeminism’s main conception and branches. Looking at the Environment of Georgia: the natural, socio-economic and cultural environment. Women as producers and consumers in ethnogeographical regions of Georgia. Urban and Rural Environment and Social-Economic Implication.

  1. Gender & geography, ed. By s. Whatmore, J. Little, Vol. 3, #1.
  2. Feminist Geographies, Explorations in Diversity and Difference, Women and Geography Study Group, Royal geog. Society, Longman, 1997
  3. Helen Van Den Hombergh, Gender, Environment and Divelopment, utrecht, 1993
  4. Women and the environment, ed. By A. Rodda, Zed books, 1994


Course requirements: Students are required to attend the classes with the readings completed. The reading for course is heavy, so be careful not to fall behind. There will be a takehome midterm, a short paper and a final exam. I will provide information on the paper before it is due.


Midterm – 12%

Paper – 25%

Final – 40%

Class attendance, participation and short assignments – 10%

Reading List: The materials are not provided in Georgian, so the students are given the copies of foreign literature by topics.

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