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   Course Title    Sociology of Gender
Lecturer    Emy Susanti
Institution    Airlangga University
Country    Indonesia

Course Description :

This course will offer gender perspective approaches to understand social interactions and study the process of social construction of gender. Some basic concepts on gender issues, such as the concepts of sex, gender, gender ideology, gender inequality, patriarchy, discrimination, stereotypes, segregation, will be introduced. This course will emphasize discussions on gender issues and use gender analysis to understand different social phenomena, such as: issues in employment, in mass media, in politics, in reproductive health and violence against women. This course will also introduce and discuss some development approaches and their interrelation with gender issues. Moreover, this course will include discussions on feminism and gender sensitive research methods.

Course Requirements :

  • Students should attend the class at least 70% and participate in the class discussions
  • Students should write a proximately 2500 words paper and give presentation of the paper in the class
  • Students should follow a written examination at the end of the term

This course consist of 15 sessions and duration of each session is 150 minutes (100 minutes for lecture and 50 minutes for discussion)

Course Assessment :

  • Individual Paper (2500 words) and presentation of the paper in the class = 60%
  • Written Examination = 40%


Course Structure:

Week 1: Basic Concepts:

  • Concepts of Sex and Gender
  • Concepts of Gender Ideology and Gender Inequality
  • Concepts of Patriarchy and Stereotypes
  • Concepts of Discrimination, Segregation and Exploitation

Week 2: Gender as a social construction:

  • Social construction of Gender
  • Nature vs Culture
  • Private – Public Dichotomy
  • Social reproduction of gender

Week 3: Feminism:

  • History of Feminism
  • Social Feminism; Radical Feminism; Liberal Feminism: Eco Feminism
  • Feminism in Developing Countries

Week 4: Feminist Theories:

  • Sex Role Theories
  • Socialization Theories
  • Functional Theories
  • Poststructuralist Theories

Week 5: Development Approaches and Gender Issues:

  • Women in development approach
  • Gender and Development approach
  • Gender and Empowerment approach
  • The History of Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and the Implementation in Indonesia

Week 6: Research methods with gender perspective:

  • The critiques of Positivism
  • The epistemology of gender sensitive research methods
  • The characteristics of gender sensitive research methods

Week 7- 11: Analysis of Gender Issues:

  • Gender and Employment
  • Violence against women
  • Gender and Reproductive Health
  • Gender and Mass Media
  • Gender and Politics

Week 12-15: Student’s Presentations



Week 1 : Basic Concepts:

  • Compulsary:

Budiman, Arief. 1985, Pembagian Kerja Secara Sexual: sebuah pembahasan sosiologis tentang peran wanita di dalam masyarakat (Sexual Division of Labour: A Sociological exploration of the role of women in society), Jakarta: Gramedia Press.

Illich, Ivan. 1983, Gender, London: Marion Boyars.

  • Recommended:

Bradley, Harriet. 1989, Men’s Work, Women’s work: A Sociological History of the Sexual Division of Labour in Employment, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press

Nicholson, Linda, 1994, Journal of Women and Society: Interpreting Gender, Chicago: The University of Chicago, Vol. 20, No. 11

Walby, S. 1990, Theorizing Patriarchy, Oxford : Basil Blackwell

Walby, Sylvia. 1986, Patriarchy at work: Patriarchal and Capitalist Relations in Employment, Cambridge: Polity Press


Week 2: : Gender as a social construction:

  • Compulsary:

Lipsitz Bem, Sandra. 1993, ‘Transforming the Debate on Sexual Inequality’ in The Lense of Gender: The Construction of Gender Identity, New Haven and London: Yale University Press (176-196)

Beneria, L. 1979, "Reproduction and Sexual Division of Labour", Cambridge Journal of Economic, No. 3,p.203-225

  • Recommended:

Bowles, Gloria and Klein, Renate D. (eds). 1983, Theories of Women’s Studies, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul

Hartman, Heidi. 1979, "Capitalism, Patriarchy, and Job Segregation by Sex", in Z.R. Eisentein (ed), Capitalism, New York: Monthly Review Press

McDowell, Linda and Pringle, Rosemary. 1992, Defining Women: Social Institutions and Gender Divisions, Cambridge: Polity Press


Week 3: Feminism:

  • Compulsary:

Eisenstein, Zillah R. 1979, "Developing a Theory of Capitalist Patriarchy and Socialist Feminism", in Eisenstein, Z. (ed), Capitalist Patriarchy and the Case for Socialist Feminism, New York: Monthly Review Press

Gardiner, May Ling-Oey and Sjahrir, Kartini. 1991, "First and Third World Feminism: A Commentary from an Indonesian perspective", Asian Studies Review, Vol. 15, No. 1:100-107

  • Recommended:

Barrett, Michele and Philips, Anne (eds). 1992, Destabilizing Theory: Contemporary Feminist Debates, Cambridge: Polity Press

Eisenstein, Zillah R.1981, The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism, Longman, London

Feminist Theory, "Women’s Experience as a Radical Critique of Sociology," in The Conceptual Practices of Power: Afeminist Sociology of Knowledge

Haraway, Donna. 1988, "Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective", Feminist Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3: 575-599

Hartman, Heidi. 1981, "The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism: Towards a More Progressive Union", L. Sargent (ed), Women and Revolution: A discussion of the unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism, Boston: South End Press

Johnson, Louise C. 1990, "Socialist Feminist", Gunew, Sreja (ed), Feminist Knowledge; Critique and Construct, London: Routledge


Week 4: Feminist Theories:

  • Compulsary:

Kanter, Rosabeth M. 1976, "Women and the Structure of Organizations: Explorations in Theory and Behavior" in Millman, M and Kanter R. (eds), Another Voice: feminist perspective on social life and social science, New York: Octagon Books

McKinnon, Chatharine A. 1983, "Feminism, Marxism, Method, and the State: An Agenda for Theory", in Keohane, N.O., Rosaldo, M.Z., Gelphi, B., (eds), Feminist Theory: A Critique of Ideology, The Chicago; University of Chicago Press

  • Recommended:

Hearn, Jeff and Morgan, David (eds). 1990, Men, Masculinities and Social Theory, London: Unwin Hyman

Weedon, Chris. 1987, Feminist Practice and Poststructuralist Theory, New York: Basil Blackwell

Papanek, Hanna. 1979, Implications of Development for Women in Indonesia; selected research and policy issues, Boston: Center for Asian Development Issues


Week 5: Development Approaches and Gender Issues:

  • Compulsary:

Moser, Caroline. 1993, Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice and Training, London: Routledge

  • Recommended:

Wallace, T and Marrch, C. 1991, Changing Perceptions: Writing on Gender and Development, Oxford: Oxfam.

Williams, C. 1992, Beyond Industrial Sociology : The Work Of Men and Women, Sydney : Allen and Unwin

Week 6: Research methods with gender perspective:

  • Compulsary:

Jayaratne, Toby E. and Stewart Abigail J. 1991, "Quantitative and qualitative methods in the social sciences: current feminist issues and practical strategies:, in Fonow and Cook, Beyond Methodology: Feminist Scholarship as Lived Research, Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Mies, Maria. 1991, "Women’s research as feminist research? the debate surrounding feminist science and methodology", in Fonow and Cook, Beyond Methodology; Feminist Scholarship as Lived Research, Bloomington: Indiana University Press

  • Recommended:

Fonow, Mary M. and Cook, Judith A. (eds). 1991, Beyond Methodology: Feminist Scholarship as Lived Research, Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Harding, Sandra (ed). 1987, Feminism and Methodology: Social Science Issues, Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Lather, Patti. 1991, Getting Smart: feminist research and pedagogy with/in the postmodern, New York: Routledge

Pringle Rosemary. 1992, "Absolute Sex? Unpacking the Sexuality/Gender Relationship", in Connel, R.W. and Dowsett, G.W., Rethinking Sex: Social Theory and Sexuality Research, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press


Week 7- 11: Analysis of Gender Issues:

  • Compulsary:

Mather, C. 1985, "Rather than make trouble it’s better just to leave: Behind the lack of industrialization strife in Tanggerang region of West Java", dalam H. Afshar, Women, Work and Ideology in the Third World, London: Travistock Publication

Logsdon, Martha G. 1985, "Indonesian women in the civil service", Prisma, Vol. XIV, NO. 10:79-87.

Morgan, Glenn and Knight, David. 1991, "Gendering Jobs: Corporate Strategy, Managerial Control and the Dynamic of Job Segregation", Work, Employment and Society, Vol. 5, No.2:181-200

1996, Development in practice: Improving women’s Health in India. A world Bank Publication, 1996

  • Recommended:

Afshar, Haleh. 1985, Women, Work and Ideology in The Third World, London : Travistock Publication

Heyzer, N. 1986, Women and Work in South-East Asia, Milton Keynes: Open University

Wolf, Diane L. 1986, Factory Daghters, their families, and rural industrialization in Central Java, (Phd Thesis, Ithaca : Cornell University

Gottfried, Heidi and Fasenfest, David. 1984, "Gender and Class Formation: Female Clerical Workers", Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 16, No. 1:89-103

Ong, Aihwa. 1987, Spirits of resistance and capitalist discipline: factory women in Malaysia, State Albany: University of New York Press

Peluso, Nancy L. 1982, Occupational mobility and the economic role of rural women: a case study of women working outside agriculture in two villages in Sleman Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta: Population Studies Center, Gajah Mada University

Reeves, Joy B, 1987, "Work and Family Roles: Contemporary Women in Indonesia", Sociological Spectrum, Vol.7:223-246

1996. The Implementation of the convention on the Elimination of All Form of Discrimination Against Women During 1985-1995-Jakarta: Minister of State for the Role of Women

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