|Course Title||Gender Dimension of Employment and Labour Market|
|Lecturer||Larissa V. Kossyguina|
|Institution||Novosibirsk State Academy of Economics and Managment|
Syllabus of the Course
The aim of the course Gender Dimension of Employment and Labour Market is to illuminate and analyse how gender is embodied in labour market and work place. The course is focused on the situation in Russia.
The structure of the course
There are four parts in the course.
The first part "Theoretical Approaches to Gender, Labour Market and Employment" introduces theoretical concepts of Gender as well as theories of labour market and employment and feminist critic of these theories.
The second part "Gender Dimension of Employment" deals with the influence and manifestation of gender in the sphere of formal employment. Gender dimension of labour division, choice of profession, career patterns, wages and earning gap, pension systems, entrepreneurship, organisation, relations among people who work together are analysed there. The issue of sexuality at the work place is also presented in this part of the course.
The third part "Gender Dimension of Labour Market" focuses on gender aspects of unemployment (fair (reasons and consequences), job search and etc). This part also contains the gender expertise of state policy against unemployment.
The fourth part "Employment in Informal Economy: Gender Aspect" analyses the positions of men and women in the sphere of informal employment (informal economy): the labour division, work conditions, wages and etc. This part scrutinises household. It also introduces methodological approaches to the measurement of unpaid work.
Two discussions are held in the framework of the course. The first discussion "Women and Men in Russian Society" is at the middle of the course. It is about the documentary "Because of I am a Woman", devoted to the situation with the realisation of human rights in Russian society. The second discussion "Is Gender Equality Utopia or not" is at the end of the course.
Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum
Since 1999 department "Management in Social Sphere" develops a set of disciplines in the framework of theme "Social Inequalities". The course "Gender Dimension of Employment and Labour Market" is elaborated as a part of this set of disciplines.
Lectures and discussions after them, watching documentary and discussion, writing essays discussion of the articles and books.
The evaluation of students
Attendance of the lectures, participation in the discussions, examination and essay.
Part 1: Theoretical Approaches to Gender, Labour Market and Employment
Theme 1.1. Theories of Labour Market and Employment
Plurality of answers to the questions: What is "Work"? What is "Labour Market"? What is "Employment"? Sociologic and economic theories of labour market and employment.
Theme 1.2. Theories of Gender
What is gender? Gender and Sex: conceptions of Gender and Sex in Sociology (essentialist approaches, socialisation approaches, social constructionist approaches, structural approaches).
Theme 1.3. Labour Market and Employment in Feminist Perspective
Gender economy. Theoretical approaches to the labour market and employment (K. Marx, neo-classic theory, institutionalism) and feminist critic. Hartmann H.; Christine Delphy. Gender economy: recognition of gender. Gender in economy: the issue of social stratification.
Part 2 Gender Dimension of Employment
Theme 2.1. Gender Aspect in Labour Division
Professional segregation: situation in world (develop and developing countries). Analysis of professional segregation in the former USSR, present Russia and present Novosibirsk.
Theoretical explanations of professional segregation (essentialist theory, neo-classic economic theory, human capital theory, institutionalism) and feminist critic.
The division of labour in the periods of social conflicts (wars, revolutions): the examples of the USSR and the USA.
Globalisation and division of labour: the case study of Russia
Technical development and gender division of labour: situation in Russia and all over the world. New forms of work and employment.
The State Policy concerning the issue of professional segregation: the case studies of the USA and Russia (the USSR)
Theme 2.2. Gender and Choice of Profession
Theories which touch the issue of profession choice and forming of professional orientation. The gender and choice of profession: gender stereotypes and gender arrangements.
Theme 2.3 Professional Career in Gender Dimension
Women and men in management. Women and men in organisation: the distribution of power. Theoretical explanations of promotional gap between genders: human-capital theory, segregation and discrimination theories. Professional career and family. The career patterns of men. The career patters of women. Professional career of women in the USSR and Russia.
Theme 2.4. Wage: gender dimension
Earning gap in time and space perspective (the examples from history and from different countries). Analysis of Russian and foreign statistics and researchers, which devoted to the earning gap phenomena.
Theoretical approaches to the explanation of earning gap: human-capital theory, segregation and discrimination theories.
The State Policy and Earning Gap: the case studies of the USA and the USSR (Russia)
Documentary "Because of I am a Woman" (the right to work, right for safety, reproductive rights, the politic rights). Discussion.
Theme 2.5. Pension System in Gender Dimension
Gender and Pension Systems: the pension system of the USSR: the reason of the transformation. The pension system of the USSR: gender aspect. Gender aspects of new pension system.
Theme 2.6. Women and Entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurship as a self-employment. Analysis of Russian and foreign statistics concerning women in entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship practices of women and men. "Male" and "female" spheres of business. Woman in "male" business. Women-Entrepreneurs in Russia: the specific of Russian situation. Discrimination of women-entrepreneurs in Russia. The influence of State Policy on women in business: the case of the USA, Sweden and Russia.
Theme 2.7. Gender Construction of Working Place
The influence of gender on the formal level of organisation (written rules). The influence of gender on the informal level of organisation.
Gender aspect in employer actions (conscious and unconscious) for creating formal level of organisation – written rules of behaviour, cloths, functions, duties, rights, distribution of positions, regime of work.
Gender aspect in employer actions (conscious and unconscious) for creating the informal level of organisation. Gender dimension of employee actions for creating the informal level of organisation. Construction of Gender in female work collective, male work collective, mixed collective. Woman in male collective, man in female collective: the construction of gender relations.
The influence of gender on the relations between boss and subordinate.
Theme 2.8.Love Affairs at Work Place
Sexuality and work place. Evaluation of love affairs at work place from the point of view of organisation effectiveness.
What is sexual harassment? The reasons of sexual harassment. The role of management stuff in the creating the sexual harassment atmosphere in organisation. Sexual harassment at work place in Russia and in foreign countries. The influence of culture on perception of this or that action as sexual harassment. Struggle against sexual harassment: case study of the USA
Part 3 Gender Dimension of Labour Market
Theme 3.1. Labour Market and Unemployment: Gender Aspect
The definition of unemployment. Who is unemployed? The kinds of unemployment.
The influence of gender on fair practices, perception and experience of unemployment, searching of work, training, employment requirements. State Policy and unemployment. State Policy concerning women unemployment.
Theme 3.2. Male and Female Unemployment in Russia.
Statistics about unemployment. Specificity of unemployment in post-soviet countries. Specificity of unemployment in Russia. Russia: the influence of gender on fair practices, perception and experience of unemployment, searching of work, training, employment requirements. Unemployment woman and unemployment man in Russia: sociological portrait. Gender dimension of State Policy in Russia concerning unemployment.
Part 4. Employment in Informal Economy: Gender Aspect
Theme 4.1. Women and Men in Informal Economy
The definition of informal economy. The evaluations of informal economy sizes. The distribution of women and men in informal economy (in the household sector, in the informal sector, in the irregular sector, in the criminal sector). Gender dimension of work in informal economy: the search of work, conditions of work, wages and etc.
Theme 4.2. Women, Men and Household
Unpaid work for keeping house: is it work or not? Methods of evaluating unpaid household work. Gender dimension of the labour division within household: traditions and new tendencies.
Discussion: "Is Gender Equality Utopia or Not?".