Aim of the course:
The main aim of this course is to consider gender from a
psychological point of view and the formation of competence in the field
of new social researches – Gender Studies at students, and also to develop
personal and professional qualities required for the psychologists as a
- To give the main notions, definitions
- To show the needs in the theoretical researches
and the main directions, achievements and perspectives
- To consider the differences between men and
- Psychological analysis of the main sphere of
life (education, job, family, leisure, society, etc.)
- To work out the positions of equality, tolerance and respect to
others (gender, culture, nation, religion); to reveal students’
positions, attitudes, beliefs and values in relation to
- Role of the course in the overall degree
This course is intended for Psychology Department
students, especially for ones specialized in the field of applied or
practical psychology. This course is a special, additional course in the
frame of social psychology and forms a part of the curriculum for higher
courses or postgraduate students.
- Methods used
The course is based around a series of twelve discrete
topics or themes. A lecture together with an associated discussion is
offered for each topic. The lecture presents a general overview of the
topic, covering major theories and contemporary researches. Sometimes I
will use role-plays, tests and movies.
- Course content
- Introduction. Aim and objectives of the
course "Psychology of gender". Gender as subject in different sciences
(philosophy, sociology, etc.). Specialties of the psychological analysis
Discussion: Why do we research gender? Why is this
knowledge necessary for psychologist?
- Theory. Definition of gender, difference
between sex and gender. Contemporary directions of theoretical
researches, main achievements and perspectives of the future
Discussion: perspectives of psychological researches of
- Childhood. Formation and development of
person in ontogenesis. Sexual and gender identity. Childhood development
and sex differences.
Exercise: "What did I think about boys/girls, when I
was a child?"
- Biology. Biological foundation and gender. Biological
differences between man and woman and their influence on differences in
psychics. Gender, biology and human behavior.
Exercise: "Who is better?"
- Body and sexuality. Essentialist models of
sexuality. Masturbation, its significance in sexual development. Sexual
abuses and deviations. Homosexualism. Transexualism and transvestitism.
Psychological analysis of possible reasons. Opposite points of view on
the nature of sexual deviations.
Exercise: "What do I think about my body?"
Discussion: "Homosexualism is illness"
Game: "Would you sell your
genitals for a million dollars?"
- Education. Theoretical perspectives.
Exercise: "What does education mean for me? My
attitudes and values."
"What can I change in my life"
- Job. Differences in motivation and
attitudes. Gender in organization. Woman and career, stereotypes.
Discussion: Psychological climate in
Exercise: "My boss is a woman"
situation in my organization, ways of resolution
- Parenting and the family. Marriage.
Pregnancy and motherhood. Abortion. Cognitive developmental approaches
to parenting and gender. The role of father and mother in child
development. "Motherly" and "fatherly" aspects of love (E. Fromm).
Movie "When a man loves the woman" and consequent
Role-play: conflict situation in family, ways of
- Health and illness, psychopathology. Gender
differences. Psychological explanations for differences. Gender-related
disorders. Childhood sexual abuse. Gender identity disorders.
Exercise: "Why do I think that I am a woman/man"
"Is my gender my
- Society. Man and woman in sport. Man, woman
and crime. Women in prisons. Gender and violence (social, physical,
sexual). Reasons and consequences of the development and mental health
of a person. Victimization of women. Gender and politics. Women’s
Exercise: "Can a woman became a president in my
Discussion: "What do I think about feminism"
- Culture. Role of culture in the formation
of gender. Presentations and stereotypes about women and men in
different cultures. Prejudices: religious, national, sexual, etc. Gender
in history, art and literature. Learning gender from religion. Media and
TV as important sources of formation for stereotypes and their
influence. Aggression and alienation as more important problems in
society in XX. century.
Movie "Before the rain" and consequent discussion.
Games: "What do I think about your sex" (what do men think about
women and vice versa).
- Personality. Personal development and growth. Responsibility,
freedom and the choice of main characteristics of a mature person.
Self-awareness and self-identity. Anti-prejudice and anti-bias,
tolerance and respect for others, sex, nation and culture as main
principles of formation and development of a person.
"Who am I ?"
"I can be all I want"
- K. Trew "Psychology and gender"
- "Sugar and spice" – book for work with young
- J. Williams "Psychology of women"
- L. Branon "Gender: psychological perspectives"
- S. Duck "Human relationships"
- B. Madoc-Jones "An introduction in Women’s
- M. Hecht "Communication prejudice"
- K. Barstein "My gender work book"
- C. Renzetti, D. Curran "Women, men and society"
- E. Fromm "Art of love"
- Dearling "The new youth games book"
The group assessment procedure endeavors to take account
of various forms of contribution. First, a register of attendance is one
of the components of final assessment. Secondly, an active participation
in discussions during semester. Third, during semester the students write
an essay on a topic of their choice for deeper research and analysis of
supposed topics (10-15 pages). The last component of assessment is an
interview report consisting of questions by main topics.