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   Course Title    The Global Ecological Problems and Rrmographic Development of Contemporary World
Lecturer    Zimovina Yelena
Institution    Karaganda State University
Country    Kazakhstan


AIMS OF THE COURSE:

- To get familiar with the ecological problems and the demographic processes of contemporary world.

- To analyze the interdependency and intercommunication of ecological problems with demographic processes of contemporary world.

 

THE OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE:

  1. to give the information about general ecological problems;

  2. to give the information about basic stages of demographic development, about specialty and regularities of demographic processes; the analysis of demographic situation of contemporary world;

  3. to give the information about new ecological and demographic literature on English and Russian;

  4. to give the information about ecological and demographic websites; students have to learn how to search for current information about ecological and demographic problems using Internet for their seminars and examinations.

 

DEMANDS FOR STUDENTS

Students should prepare a small report during the course and they will have final oral examination .

 

METHODS

During the lectures different tables, graphs, diagrams will be shown. The lecturer will use following kinds of sources: Demographic Data Base, ecological and demographic websites , CD-ROM about the "Environmental and Quality of life in Central Europe ", new literature in English and Russian.

The form of seminars will be diverse including open discussions, debates , round-tables, individual presentations and small group discussions.

 

THE THEMES OF THE LECTURES

(24 hours).

THEME 1 .THE GLOBAL ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY WORLD.(4 hours)

  1. Smog is the global pollution of environment. Different types of smog. The problem of smog in the big cities. The negative influence of smog on the population.

  2. The increase of carbonic acid gas in the air and getting warmer of climate. The problems of the Arctic and Antarctic .

  3. The acidic rains. The reasons of acidic precipitation’s increase. The negative influence of acidic precipitation on the ground, on the crops and on the health of population.

  4. Destruction of ozone. The reasons of appearance of "ozone problem". Discussions about this problem. Different opinions about reduction of ozone. Different future forecasts .

THEME 2 . ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY KASAKHSTAN ( 4 hours).

  1. The problem of pollution of atmosphere with industrial wastes and exhausts gas. The influence of different kinds of pollution on the population’s health Appearance of specific diseases in different regions of Kazakhstan.

  2. The problem of water resources. Protection, rational use and defense of water resources . The decrease of Aral Sea level is the global problem of the present period . The influence of Aral crisis on climatic changes in the Central Asia. Increase of death rates and morbidity of population. The increase of level of Kaspii Sea. The pollution of Kaspii Sea with oil and gas wastes. The ecological dram of Balhash Lake.

  3. The pollution with radiation of Semipalatinsk region as a result of activity of nuclear taste zone. The negative influence of radiation on the population and on the environment. The growth of oncology diseases . The influence of nuclear tests on the geological processes.

  4. The appearance of deserts . The reasons of reduction of agricultural lands.

THEME 3. THE GENERAL TRENDS OF POPULATION DEVELOPMENT AND THEIR ANALYSIS.(4 hours)

  1. The historical survey of demography theories. The attitude of antique and medieval scientists to demography problems. The exploration of G. Ground . The theory of T. Maltus.

  2. The theories of contemporary authors about demographic processes. Microdemography and macrodemography theories. Technique-economic and social-psychology conceptions in the demography explorations.

  3. Theory of demographic revolution and multi-stage demographic transition. The types of population reproductivity. The influence of different factors on forming types of population reproductivity. The role of ecological factors in demographic development of contemporary world.

  4. The general trends of population development. The connection of social-economic and ecological situation with demographic processes.

THEME 4. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD POPULATION (4 hours).

  1. Connection of the demographic processes with historical development of the world. The influence of social-economic stages and environment on the demographic behavior of population.

  2. The dynamics of the world’s population growth in ancient and medieval periods of history. The tight connection of the society with environmental conditions..

  3. The development of the world population in capitalistic period. Change of population reproduction type. The appearance of the first ecological problems.

THEME 5. THE DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OF CONTEMPORARY WORLD (4 hours).

  1. "Population explosion" and "demographic crisis". The ecological factors and "demographic crisis".

  2. Increase of urbanization processes. The problems of pollution in urban agglomerations . The overpopulation of big cities.

  3. The migration of world population. The ecological migration.

  4. Morbidity of world population.

  5. The global demographic problems of contemporary world. The role of world associations. Green Peace. The ecologic and demographic programs of United Nations Organization.

THEME 6. THE DEMIGRAPHIC SITUATION IN KASAKHSTAN DURING THE 1990s (4 hours).

  1. The dynamics of Kazakhstan’s population. Urban and rural population. The decrease of Kazakhstan’s population. The influence of social-economic and ecological factors on these processes.

  2. The contemporary type of reproductivity of Kazakhstan’s population. Fertility and mortality . The causes of mortality. Ecological factor and mortality.

  3. Health care and health services in Kazakhstan. Morbidity. The growth of infectious and oncologycal diseases. The state of population health and ecological situation.

  4. Migration. General trends of migration. Outside and inside types of migration. Refugees and forced migrants. The ecological migration.

 

THE THEMES OF SEMINARS (12 hours).

THEME 1. THE TRENDS OF WORLD POPULATION DEVELOPMENT TO THE END OF 20th CENTURY (2 hours).

  1. Dynamics of world population growth. Forecasts, models end hypotheses .

  2. The problem of world overpopulation. The present interpretations of Maltus conception . The ecological consequences of world population growth.

  3. Ethnic structure of world population. The problem of "small" ("disappearing") nations .

The form of this seminar will be discussion.

THEME 2. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS AND SPECIFICS OF DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS OF THE WORLD (4 hours).

  1. Demographic situation and ecological problems in European countries .

  2. Demographic situation and ecological problems in North and Latin America.

  3. Demographic situation and ecological problems in African continent.

  4. Demographic situation and ecological problems in Asia.

  5. Demographic situation and ecological problems in Australia.

During the seminar will be debates in small groups.

THEME 3. DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES IN THE FORMER USSR COUNTRIES (4 hours).

  1. The survey of ecological problems of former USSR countries.

  2. The age structure of population in the post-Soviet countries. The processes of population reproductivity. The analysis of fertility and mortality.

  3. The causes and consequences of population morbidity. Ecological situation and morbidity.

  4. Ethnic structure of population in the post-Soviet countries. Migration. The perspectives of demographic development of former USSR countries.

THEME 4. THE DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT OF CONTEMPORARY KAZAKHSTAN (2 hours).

  1. Survey of ecological problems of Kazakhstan.

  2. The age structure of population. Fertility and mortality. The processes of population reproductivity.

  3. The morbidity of Kazakhstan’s population.

  4. The ethnic structure of Kazakhstan’s population.

  5. Migration processes in Kazakhstan.

 

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