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   Course Title    Public Participation and Partnership in Environmental Policy
Lecturer    Zhamilya Utarbayeva
Institution    Kazakh State National University
Country    Kazakhstan

I. Aim of the Course

This course aims to introduce the problems of partnership and public participation in the environmental framework. The course will highlight profound changes in political, social and individual patterns of thinking, in their values, habits and attitudes. The realities of modern development demand global consensus of opinions on necessity of choice of the ways in the direction of sustainable development.

This course has several objectives. The most important of them is to study possibilities of public participation and partnership, to consider the role of each stakeholder in the achievement of sustainable environment. The second objective is to master the participatory methodology and find ways to form environmentally sound sustainable policy. During the course you will discuss different problems related to environmental issues, role of environmental NGO's, green parties, governmental structures and etc.

II. Role of the Course in the Overall Degree Curriculum

This course is a part of the broad Environmental Science and Policy, based on the elements of Political Science, Sociology, Economic.

III. Methods Used

This is a discussion course; our meetings will center on student participation in discussions on the issues raised in course readings. The elements of games were included as the instruments of seminar held. Students are expected to do all of the readings in advance of each class meetings. The course consists of 22 classes. The first 11 classes will be devoted rather to the theoretical problems of environmental policy and partnership, whereas the items from 12 to 22 to the applied problems.

This course requires background in social sciences.

IV. Course content

During the course each student have to pass two essays. The first essay is due to class 12 and the second essay is due to class 22.

Class 1: Introduction

Class 2: Partnership and Public Participation as a Social Category. (Discussion of the character and role of the partnership in different spheres of public life)

Class 3: Need for Partnership and Public Participation in the Case of Protection of Environment (Background of the problem, relation with global environmental conditions)

Class 4: Public Participation and Partnership at Different Stages of Environmental Problems (Analysis of possibilities for these categories at the different stages of environmental crisis, e.g., air, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, global warming, desertification and etc.)

Class 5: Harmonization of Environmental Legislation

Class 6: Formal Provision for Public Participation

Class 7: Non-Formal Provision for Public Participation

Class 8: Possibilities of Environmental Public Participation and Partnership in Society in Transition

Class 9: Options for Environmental Policy

Class 10: Partnership at the Local Level

Class 11: Presentation of the Essays and Overall Discussion on the Above Themes

Class 12: Role of Legislative Bodies in the Strengthening of Partnership Processes (lobbying of environmental laws and acts)

Class 13: Possibilities for the Partnership with Executive Branch of Power

Class 14: Non-Governmental Environmental Organizations as a Basis for the Enhancing of Partnership Processes

Class 15: Business Society as a Stakeholder of Partnership Process

Class 16: Mass-media as a Stakeholder of Partnership Process

Class 17: International Organizations and Donors as a Stakeholder of Partnership Process

Class 18: International Cooperation and Partnership

Class 19: Role of International Conventions in Promoting of the Partnership

Class 20: Enhancing Awareness in Environmental Issues

Class 21: Advantages and Disadvantages of the Public Participation and Partnership in Environmental Issues

Class 22: Discussion of the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Environment Decision-Making to Justice in Environmental Matters

V. Readings

The following texts are required as mandatory:

"Expanding Partnership in Conservation" by IUCN, 1995.

Data of Global Survey "The Health of Planet" of the Gallup Institute, 1992.

"Politics and Environment: a Reader in Ecological Crisis" by W.Anderson

Hammond F., Adrianse A., Bryant D., Woodward R. "Environmental Indicators: a Systematic Approach to Measuring and Reporting on Environmental Policy Performance in the Context of Sustainable Development", World Resource Institute, Washigton, DC.

Meadows D.H., Meadows D.L., Randers J. and Behrens W.W. "The Limits to Growth" (A report for the Club of Rome). 1972.

Dawkins K. "Sharing Rights and Responsibilities for the Environment: Assessing Potential Roles of Non-Governmental Organizations in International Decision-Making", Cambridge. 1991.

Dankelman I., Davidson J. "Women and Environment in the Third World". London: Earthscan Publications. 1988.

Ekins P. "A New World Order: Grassroots Movements for Global Change. London: Routledge. 1992.

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Environmental Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (signed in June 1998, Aarhus, Denmark)


World Commission on Environment and Development, "Our Common Future". Oxford University Press: New York. 1987.

Utabayeva Zh. Environmental Parties and Movements as Elements of Civil Society. // Journal "Sayasat". 1998. # 2.

VI. Assessment

Attendance of the classes is obligatory. The grade will be considered in the following way:

  • Participation constitutes 30% of the grade
  • Essay 1 constitutes 20% of the grade
  • Essay 2 constitutes 20% of the grade
  • Exam constitutes 30% of the grade

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