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   Course Title    Industrial Sustainable Development
Lecturer    Tatiana Severioukhina
Institution    Izevsk State Technical University
Country    Russia


  1. Aims and objectives
  2. Aims of the course are to present to students the historical roots and the modern state of the concept of sustainable development and to introduce in professional scope to future specialists in engineering protection the environment principles and criteria of industrial sustainable development.

    Objectives of the course are to achieve skills to analyze criteria and indicators suggested for the industry from the position of the concept of sustainable development; discuss modern strategies towards industrial sustainability; explain the role of the environmental protection engineers in organizing sustainable production; analyze the concept of sustainable development of Udmurt Republic and to propose regional approaches to sustainable industry.

  3. Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum
  4. The course is suggested for students of the fourth year (specialty Engineering protection of the environment at the Humanitarian Department of the Izhevsk State Technical University). The curriculum for the specialty includes a module on mathematics and natural sciences, a module on engineering sciences and technological processes, a module on the environmental management and a module on safety of labor. It is assumed that on the basis of these modules students understand the mechanisms of the functioning of natural systems, know characteristic features of industrial processes and their impacts on the environment. The concept of sustainable development was not presented in previous courses. The suggested course is aimed at moving students one step forward in their understanding of interactions between nature and industry within an integral system and showing them strategic directions to the optimization of industrial development not on the base of economic, but on the base of a set of economic, social and environmental or integral criteria.

  5. Methods used
  6. Lectures are necessary to present ideas which are not spread in technical literature;

    Discussions give a possibility to consider different points of view on certain problems and to understand the context of each point; through discussions students gain an understanding of how difficult it is to achieve consensus within environmental problems which focus interests of different sectors of society;

    Analytical writing is aimed at finding limitations in environmental approaches in industry considered in previous courses; students have to discover what they did not see in their previous essays.

    Case studies is introduced as method of teaching in order to teach students to analyze approaches to sustainability on a regional level.

  7. Course content

    Lecture

    Student assignments and in-class activities.

    1. Unsustainable character of modern industry.

    Main environmental issues of the industrial sector of the economy: depletion of non-renewable resources, inefficient use of renewable resources, inefficient energy consumption, air, water and soil pollution and waste generation.

    Students are divided into two groups: technocrats and environmentalists. Each group presents their vision of modern industrial development. Students make their conclusions through discussion about the character of industrial development.

    2. Concept of sustainable development.

    Brief survey of main types of concepts of sustainability: institutional, ideological and academic. Key operational characteristics of sustainable development: main types of capital stocks and their possible interactions to provide environmental integrity, economic efficiency and social equity.

    Comparison of conventional economics’, environmental economics’ and ecological economics’ models.

    Students are given reading materials which present statements, produced different institutions, expressing different approaches to understanding sustainable development.

    The assignment is to make an analysis of materials and to define general principles of sustainability.

    3. End of pipe approach and its limitations.

    End of pipe approach as the first step in minimization of industrial impacts on nature. Technical aspects of industrial pollution control. Economic instruments of pollution abatement, their advantages and disadvantages.

    Student write a short analytical paper in which they are to analyze their previous course work devoted to the investigation of some types of purification equipment and methods of pollution control. The aim of analytical paper is to formulate limitations of the end-of-pipe approach in concrete branch of industry.

    4. Preventive principles in industry as the next step to sustainability. Switch from end of pipe approach to process approach to prevent waste generation.

    Environmental Impact Assessment.

    Case study. Analysis of some materials from the Environmental Impact Assesment of Votkinsk plant on utilization of rocket engines from position of sustainability.

    5. Sustainable production as a system of the environmental approaches.

    Mass balance analysis of industry (transformation of resource flow in flow of products, pollution and wastes). Integrative environmental strategy to processes, products and services. Cleaner technology, life-cycle analysis, environmental market.

     

    6. Environmental management is a mechanism of implementation of strategy of sustainable development. Environmental management in industry and delivering services. ISO series.

    Specific industrial approaches: environmental agreements, sector developed programs, industrial ecology.

    Case study. Environmental management on metallurgical plant.

    7. Energy efficiency in industry from the position of sustainable development. Minimization of end-use energy demand, maximum efficiency in conversion-distribution, maximization of alternative energy sources, combined heat and power generation., heat recycling.

     

    8. Indicators of sustainability, economic, social and ecological and their consideration in relation to industrial sector of economy.

      Discussion. Why do traditional indicators of industrial growth not comply with principles of sustainability?

      Small groups of three students are given different indicators for presentation, explaining ‘sustainability ‘content of indicator and discussion with other groups.

      10. Concept of sustainable development of Russian Federation and Udmurt Republic. Environmental aspects of transitional economy.

      Discussion. How does the concept of sustainable development of Udmurt Republic comply with principles of sustainability?

      11. Systemic approach in consideration of sustainable development. Systemic reconstruction of all sectors of society. Idea of Integrative Environmental

        Impact Assessment. Role of education in forming new thinking, attitudes and consumption patterns.

         

      1. Assessment
      2. Students are given a list of different types of industrial production. They have to choose one type of production, to develop a scheme of environmental management of the production process and delivering services and provide this scheme with a set of indicators which should be measured or determined in order to qualify this production as sustainable. Student must take part in a conversation with the lecturer on the topic of their paper. "Pass" or "Not pass" mark will be given as the result of this conversation in relation to the general understanding of principles of sustainable development by the student.

      1. Reading

        Mandatory

        1. David W. Pearce and R.Kerry Turner, 1990. Economics of natural resources and the environment. Original edition, Hertfordshire: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Printed, Hampshire: Ashford Colour Press Ltd.

        2. Concept of transition of Russian Federation to sustainable development. Order of President of Russian Federation Number 440, 1 of April 1996.

        3. Lukianchikov N.N., Gurov V.N., 1996.Concept of sustainable development of Udmurt Republic. Izhevsk: Ministry of Protection of Natural Resources.

        Recommended

        1. Guidelines on industrial environmental calculation techniques (composed by G.J.Jakimenko), 1995. Izhevsk: Izhevsk State Technical University.
        2. Golub A.A. and Strukova E.B., 1995. Economics of resource management. Moscow: Aspect Press.
        3. Ecology, protection of nature and ecological safety, 1997. (Ed. by Danilov-Danilian V. I. Moscow: MIEPU.


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