|Course Title||Environmental Management and Policy|
1. AIM OF THE COURSE
The purpose of the course is to introduce class members to the principals of environmental management and policy, their features and the ways of implementation, the role of environmental management in economic growth. The course introduces modern environmental standards and such techniques as environmental expertise (EE) and environmental impact assessment (EIA).
2. ROLE OF THE COURSE IN THE OVERAL DEGREE CURRICULUM
This course considers the major strands of environmental management thought, legal aspects of environmental management and legislative requirements of integrated pollution control. It is closely connected to the study of such disciplines as basics of ecology, environmental monitoring, basics of scientific investigations, sociology, basics of management, basics of economic theories, economy and industrial engineering, basics of law, protection against job hazards, political science, control and management of chemical technological industry, basics of entrepreneurs.
3. METHODS USED
This course is based on lectures and seminars concerned with legal, economic and ethical aspects of environmental management and decision making, consideration of the policy and management strategies at a variety of scales from the global to the local. Students should not only learn organizational and procedural strategies of environmental management, but also be engaged with them, examine them critically and make personal judgments about their worth.
Through deep investigation of different cases for strategic environmental management students should, emphasizing modern environmental standards, understand the role of environmental assessment and audit in demonstrating improved environmental performance.
The course combines individual student work like writing a paper and working with proposed reading materials, analyzing case-studies, participating in class discussions and group work during seminars, making a short presentation of the problem and decision-making process.
At the end of the course students have written test.
Final grade determination is as follows: class participation 20%; individual paper 30%; test 50 %.
1. COURSE CONTENT
WEEK 1 Lecture theme: "A case for environmental management"
Introduction to the course. Course outlines. Definition and pursuit of development. Development and environment. Changing attitudes towards environment and development. Environmentalism from 1920 until today. Some explanations invoked to explain why environmental problems occur.
WEEK 2 Lecture theme: "Structure, function and management of the environment"
Important concepts. Description of ecosystem function, regulatory mechanisms, energy cost of various food production systems, ecological stability and succession. Classification of environmental systems. Environmental limits. Systems approach to environmental study and management. Description of resources classification of resources types, resources use. Managing the environment.
WEEK 3 Lecture theme: "Environmental management and legal aspects"
Description and goals of environmental management. Legal aspects of environmental management and liabilities, the legislative requirements of integrated pollution control. The main aspects of European, American and local legislation concerning environmental management.
WEEK 4 Seminar topic: "Comparison of European Union and Ukrainian environmental legislation"
Focus on environmental management and pollution control legislation. Working in teams, making short presentations, discussion on relevant issues. Propose students to make a conclusion about the necessity of some laws and role of government and public in decision-making process (use of proposed readings and handouts).
WEEK 5 Lecture theme: "Modern environmental standards"
Environmental improvement through management performance standards, ISO 9000 and ISO 14000. Ukrainian environmental standards. Current situation and tendency for the development of State standards, orders, lists and classifications.
WEEK 6 - Lecture theme: "Modern methods and techniques for environmental management"
Introduction to environmental expertise (EE) and environmental impact assessment (EIA). Aims of EIA and EE, state and public environmental expertise, environmental audit. Principles of EIA and EE. Organizations and actors involved in the EIA and EE processes. Results of EIA and EE
WEEK 7 Seminar topic: "Case-studies in EIA and EE"
Practical experience in Eastern and Western Europe, America and Ukraine. Structure of State Environmental Expertise Departments (regional and central departments). Division of responsibilities. Working in teams, making short presentations, discussion on relevant issues (use of proposed readings and handouts).
WEEK 8 - Lecture theme: "Main environmental problems and their management" (part 1 Air quality)
Prediction and assessment of impact on air environment. Key legislation. Inventory of sources of pollution. Restricted permissible emissions. Standards of air quality (Ukrainian and EU). Background concentration. Types of impacts. Incorporation of mitigation measures.
WEEK 9 - Lecture theme: "Main environmental problems and their management" (part 2 Water quality)
Prediction and assessment of impact on surface water environment. Key legislation. Inventory of sources of pollution. Restricted permissible discharge. Standards of water quality (Ukrainian and EU). Background concentration. Types of impacts. Incorporation of mitigation measures.
WEEK 10 - Lecture theme: "Main environmental problems and their management" (part 3 Soil quality)
Prediction and assessment of impact on soils and groundwater environments. Key legislation (Ukrainian and EU). Sources of pollution. Groundwater and soils quality. Projects on waste placing (landfills) Types of impacts. Incorporation of mitigation measures.
WEEK 11 - Lecture theme: "Main environmental problems and their management" (part 4 Waste management)
Prediction and assessment of impact on the environment different kind of wastes. Key legislation and standards on waste transportation and storage (Ukrainian and EU), including hazardous, toxic and radioactive waste. Types of impacts. Inventory of sources of waste. Chemical management and waste management.
WEEK 12 - Lecture theme: "Introduction to ecological economics"
Economic instruments for the control of global and local environmental problems; incorporating environmental concerns into decision-making. Introduction and implementation of environmental taxes; environmental taxes and waste management.. Ecological economics, project evaluation, cost-benefit analysis and the environment.
WEEK 13 - Lecture theme: "Introduction to environmental policy"
Policy-making process. Administrative structure for environmental policy and policy tools. Preconditions for successful implementation. Environmental policy and the choice of the best available technology: an empirical assessment of pollution control policies and environmental strategies. Product life-cycle analysis.
WEEK 14 - Lecture theme: "Greening the business"
Description of Environmental Management System (EMS) and Local Environmental Action Plan (LEAP), pollution prevention strategies and clean production, "green" technologies and greening of marketing, eco-labeling and general principles of environmental auditing.
WEEK 15 Seminar topic:" Eco-management and the environmental policy of the European Community"
Case studies for strategic environmental management in the EU. Real management practices and their discussion. Examples of the best environmental policies in the EU. Discuss, analyze and compare the figures. Discussion and analysis in groups, group presentations (use of proposed readings and handouts).
WEEK 16 Seminar students paper presentations
Presentation of the best students papers followed by discussion and conclusions.
WEEK 17 Test
The written test consists of multiple-choice questions, short answers and definitions, as well as questions and tasks designed to test high-level thinking and such intellectual abilities like argumentation, evidence provision in making judgments; tasks designed to test problem solving abilities and interpretation of knowledge.
1. C.J. Barrow. Developing the Environment: Problems and Management, Longman Scientific & Technical, 1995. - 313p.
2. State of the World 2001, W.W. Norton & Company, 2001. -275p.
3. National report on the state of the environment in Ukraine 1999, Rayevsky Scientific Publishers, Kyiv, 2000. 184p.
4. Law of Ukraine "About saving and preserving of environment" from 26.06.91
5. Law of Ukraine "About saving and preserving of air" from 16.10.92
6. Law of Ukraine "About ecological expertise" from 09.02.95
7. Law of Ukraine "About pesticides" from 02.03.95
8. Law of Ukraine "About wastes"
9. Governmental Standard of Ukraine 12.1.007-76 "Hazardous substances, classification and general security demands"
10. Governmental Standard of Ukraine 17.2.3.02-78 "Rules for establishing threshold limit values for releasing of hazardous substances by enterprises"
11. Governmental Standard of Ukraine 17.4.2.01-81 "Preserving of nature. Soil. Classification of chemical substances for pollution control"
12. Governmental Standard of Ukraine 17.0.0.05-93 "General system of standards in the sphere of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. Technical passport of waste. "
13. Governmental Standard of Ukraine 17.0.0.01-76 "System of standards in the sphere of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. Main principles."
14. P.H. Raven, L.R. Berg, G.B. Johnson. Environment, Second ed., Saunders College Publishing, 1998. 600p.
15. Aseem Prakash. Greening the firm. The Politics of Corporate Environmentalism, Cambridge University Press, 2000. -181p
16. Rogene A. Buchholz. Principles of environmental management. The greening of business, Second ed, Prentice hall, 1998. 400p.
17. P.O. Harrop, J.A. Nixon. Environmental assessment in practice, 1999. 190.
18. W.M. von Zharen. ISO 14000: Understanding the environmental standards, 1995. 140.
19. John McCormic. Environmental policy in European Union, 2001. 300p.
1. Jay G. Martin, Gerald J. Edgley. Environmental management Systems, Government Institution, Rockeville MD, 1998. 300p.
2. CEC - Commission of the European Communities, Council Directive of 27 June 1985 of the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Public and Private Projects on the Environment. Official Journal of the European Communities, L 175, 1985. - p. 40-48
3. Erickson P.A. A practical guide to environmental impact assessment, 1994. 250.
4. Toxics A to Z: a guide to everyday pollution hazards / John Harte, Cheryl Holdren, Richard Scheider and others, University of California Press, 1991. - 480p.
5. Nigel Mason, Peter Hughes. Introduction to Environmental Physics, Taylor & Frances, 2001. -463p.
6. Eldon D. Enger, Bradly F. Smith. Environmental science: a study of interrelationships, 1995. 400p.
Proposed paper topics: