|Course Title||Economic-ecological issues of rural planning and building|
|Institution||Odessa Institute of Market Problems and Economic-Ecological Studies, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences|
AIM OF THE COURSE
The course has to be taught for students of regional planning and architecture at senior level in undegraduate curricula. It aims to develop body of knowledge in the fields of environmental economics and economics of natural resources as well as its applications in rural planning and building. The course has to foster student progress towards a better understanding of economic-ecological mechanisms and interactions which arise in process of nature resources use in rural areas.
The following skills have to be formed during the course:
1. To perform socio-economic-ecological expertise of rural territories for regional/spatial planning and building.
2. To make economic-ecological assessment of natural resources and use of the various cadasters (land, mineral, water, recreational etc.) in regional planning process and building decisions making.
3. To apply methodology of sustainable development in regional planning and policy making.
4. To master basic procedures and techniques of environmental management and measuring environmental damage.
5. To use GIS technology in environmental land use planning.
ROLE OF THE COURSE IN THE OVERALL DEGREE CURRICULUM
The course has to be one of the disciplines comprising curriculum of the Department of Theoretical Economics and Economics of Building (Faculty of Building Economics and Management, Odessa State Academy of Building and Architecture) in 2000/2001 academic year.
It has interdisciplinary nature and deals with some concepts and paradigms having multipurpose application and being subjects of different environmental disciplines and research fields. There are:
1) paradigms of environmental economics;
2) concept of socio-economic-ecological expertise of the territory;
3) concept of economic-ecological cadaster of natural resources;
4) concept of ecological marketing of natural resources;
5) concept of sustainable development of rural areas;
6) concept of environmental management.
Complex and interdisciplinary nature of the course proposed demands innovative tools and methodologies in teaching and learning. The most promising way is to use conception of active and authentic learning (as a pedagogic methodological ground).
Active learning means creation of such a pedagogic environment in which students engage in tasks of data analysis, field work and problem solving, as an integral part of the classroom experience. Authentic learning means a process in which students have some measure of accountability and responsibility for the learning decisions made.
Another important task in course's development is to implement so called 'continuous education approach'. It means that the course has to be designed to provide both undegraduate and postgraduate learning as well as training of the specialists (regional planners, architects and spatial decision makers) who try to raise their skills.
Using of GIS technology in course teaching lets to improve understanding by means of engaging students in empirical analysis and provides: 1) a special graphical user interface; 2) productivity tools for facilitating the acquisition of practical skills of mapping and spatial analysis; 3) tools for accessing, undertaking and submitting homework assignments in a paper-less class; 4) tools for assisting students to undertake spatial and environmental reasoning to be so necessary in rural planning process.
Section I. Economic-ecological issues of rural planning and building: basic concepts (lectures - 4 hours, practical/seminars - 2 hours).
Lecture 1.1. Basic concepts of economic-ecological approach to the rural planning and building: an overview I.
Socio-economic-ecological expertise of the territory; economic-ecological cadaster of natural resources; methodological and organizational problems of implementation of socio-economic-ecological expertise and economic-ecological cadaster into rural planning process.
Lecture 1.2. Basic concepts of economic-ecological approach to the rural planning and building: an overview II.
Ecological marketing of natural resources; sustainable development of rural areas; environmental management at rural territories; methodological problems and legal issues of implementation of ecological marketing and environmental management into rural planning process.
Seminar 1.1. Economic, social and legal problems of sustainable development in rural areas of Ukraine.
Discussion of the economic, social and legal issues of sustainable development in rural areas of Ukraine. Hearing of the essays prepared by the students (preliminary fixed). Summarizing of the main conclusions by the lecturer.
Section II. Theoretical basics of economic-ecological studies for rural planning and environmental management (lectures - 6 hours, practical/seminars - 4 hours).
Lecture 2.1. Paradigms of the environmental economics.
The market model of environmental management; economic and environmental values; ecological and co-evolutionary economic paradigm; circular economy paradigm; sustainable economy paradigm.
Lecture 2.2. Basics of the economics of pollution.
Concept of the optimal level of pollution; the market achievement of optimal pollution; taxation and optimal pollution; environmental standards, taxes and subsidies; marketable pollution permits.
Lecture 2.3. Measuring environmental damage and pollution-control.
The meaning of environmental valuation; valuation methodologies: total economic value and decision-making, direct and indirect valuation, the hedonic price approach, contingent valuation, travel cost approaches; pollution-control policy in mixed economies; pollution control in centrally-planned economies; comparative environmental effectiveness.
Seminar 2.1. Practical issues of measuring environmental damage in the coutryside.
Discussion on the practical aspects of measuring environmental damage and pollution-control in the countryside: the case of Ukraine; problems and perspectives of pollution-control in rural areas of Ukraine; agro-ecological monitoring in Ukraine; institutional issues of pollution-control in the Ukrainian countryside.
Practical work 2.1. Measuring environmental damage: mastering of valuation methodologies and techniques.
Using of the case studies approach to mastering of the basic valuation methodologies and techniques: direct and indirect valuation, the hedonic price approach, contingent valuation, travel cost approach, etc.
Section III. Introduction to the economics of natural resources (lectures - 6 hours, practical/seminars - 4 hours).
Lecture 3.1. Renewable and exhaustible resources.
Renewable resources: growth curves, the rate of exploitation, costs and revenues, preservation value, models of renewable resource exploitation; exhaustible resources: the fundamental principle of exhaustible resource use, a diagrammatic exposition of optimal resource use, resource prices and backstop technology, monopoly and the rate of extraction.
Lecture 3.2. Economic issues of the extinction of species.
The problem of extinction; open access and species extinction; profit maximisation and extinction; the economic and social costs of preservation.
Lecture 3.3. Economic assessment of natural resources.
Economic assessment of land resources; economic assessment of mineral resources; economic assessment of water resources; economic assessment of recreational resources; economic assessment of biologibal resources; economic assessment of the combinations of natural resources.
Seminar 3.1. Economic and out-of-economic assessments of natural resources: the comparative study.
Using of the case studies approach to discussion of economic and out-of-economic assessments of natural resources. Hearing of the essays prepared by the students (preliminary fixed). Summarizing of the lecturer.
Practical work 3.2. Assessment of natural resources: mastering of assessment methodologies and techniques.
Mastering of the basic assessment methodologies and techniques using the case studies approach: economic and out-of-economic assessments. The case studies: land, water, recreational and mineral resources.
Section IV. Applied economic-ecological issues of rural planning and building (lectures - 6 hours, practical/seminars - 4 hours).
Lecture 4.1. Economic-ecological cadaster of natural resources and its application in rural planning and building.
The concept of economic-ecological cadaster; the formula of economic-ecological cadaster: "economic-ecological cadaster = cadasters of natural resources + cadaster of environmentally valuable ecosystems"; the structure of economic-ecological cadaster; the ways of application of economic-ecological cadaster in rural planning and building.
Lecture 4.2. Socio-economic-ecological expertise of rural territories in regional planning and building.
The concept of socio-economic-ecological expertise; methods of socio-economic-ecological expertise; application of socio-economic-ecological expertise in regional planning; socio-economic-ecological expertise and sustainable development of the countryside.
Lecture 4.3. Methods and techniques of environmental rural planning: GIS technology applications.
Geographic information systems: conception and functionality; spatial data management and analysis, spatial decision support systems; environmental rural planning with GIS: basic methods and techniques.
Seminar 4.1. Problems and perspectives of environmental rural planning and building in South Ukraine.
The case study: implementation of integrated coastal management in rural areas of the Ukrainian Black Sea coast. Discussions and reasoning.
Practical work 4.1. Environmentally aimed land use planning with GIS: the case studies of rural territories of Odessa region.
Practical training in environmentally aimed land use planning with GIS. Using of GIS software awailable: Atlas*GIS, MapInfo Professional, ArcView.
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