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   Course Title    Regional Environmental Policy
Lecturer    Oxana A. Klimanova
Institution    Moscow Lomonosov State University
Country    Russian Fedaration

Aim of the course

The aim of this course is to understand the larger picture of intertwining relationships between natural, political, economic and social systems that shape local environmental policy. It seeks to provide a broad overview of the key concepts, actors, concerns and issues related to the subject.

This course has several objectives. The most important of them is to study the possibilities of other groups in the creation of environmental policy on a regional level, to consider the role of each stakeholder in the achievement of sustainable environment. The second objective is to study different ways of influence of regional properties on the creation of health environment. During the course we will discuss different problems related to environmental issues, role of environmental NGO's, green parties, governmental structures and etc.

Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum

This course would be placed in the curricula for undergraduate students of the Chair of World Physical Geography and Global Environment (Department of Geography, Moscow State University). The course will contribute the preparation of scientists on regional environmental problems and policy-making. It aims to develop the body of knowledge in the fields of environmental and social sciences.

Methods used

The course will be a combination of lectures and discussion seminars based on different case-studies and mass-media information. The elements of games were included as the instruments of seminar held.

Course content

The course consists of 12 lectures and 4 seminars. The first 2 modules will be devoted to the theoretical problems of environmental policy and local communities and the third and forth items to the applied problems of Russian environmental policy.

First module

Introduction. Modern environmentalism. Green values and conventional values. The eight basic principles of deep ecology. Social ecology. Anthropocentrism and biocentrism. Geography and deep ecology. "Think globally, act locally".

Lecture 1.

Environmental policy and its components: environmental law, environmental economics and environmental impact assessment. Three levels of environmental policy: international, national and local. Sustainable development. Agenda 21. National environmental policies and their differences. The actors of environmental policy. Stages in the policy process. Streams of policy process.

Lecture 2

Environmental law as the base of environmental policy. Basic principles of environmental law (precautionary, polluter pays, etc). Environmental rights and obligations. Access to information. Aarhus convention. How can law assist in controlling pollution. Environmental law in Russia.

Lecture 3

Environmental economics. Conventional and ecological economics. Green economics. A research agenda for ecological economics. Nature, natural resources and their value. Ecological economic systems accounting and modeling. Environmental impact assessment and its tools. Environmental management.

Second module

Lecture 4

Territory and local communities. Changing the earth and changing the communities. Civilization and nature. Indigenous peoples and environment. Types of local communities. Urban and rural communities.

Lecture 5

Local communities and local self-government. The role of self-government in different countries. Environmental institutions in Russia on national and local level. Local utilities and local finance management on ecological problems. Environmental conflicts on municipal level.

Lecture 6

Local Agenda 21 program. Sustainable communities. Environmental Indicators: a systematic approach to measuring and reporting on environmental policy performance in the context of sustainable development.

Third module

Lecture 7

Regional and local ecological initiatives (case-studies). Environmental finance and project management. Implementation of the environmental management systems in municipalities of Central and Eastern Europe.

Lecture 8

Non-governmental organizations as a part of civil society. Access to information, public participation in environment decision-making to justice in environmental matters. Ecological public relations.

Seminar 1 Mass-media maintenance of ecological activities. Student group is divided into three parts: mass-media, ecological NGO and population.

Lecture 9

Biodiversity conservation and protected areas. Biosphere reserves and its role for regional sustainable development. Traditional nature use as an alternative for local people.

Seminar 2 The attitude of local people to organizations of natural protected areas.

Forth module

Lecture 9

Regional and local environmental problems in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

Seminar 3. Environmental actors and European integration. The game with participation of other environmental actors (each group of students represents the concrete environmental actor).

Lecture 10

Environmental impact assessment in economies in transition. Environmental management systems standards. Ecological problems in Russian cities and regions.

Seminar 4. Economic, social and legal problems of sustainable development in Russia

Discussion of the economic, social and legal issues of sustainable development in Russia. Hearing of the essays prepared by the students (preliminary fixed). Summarizing of the main conclusions by the lecturer.

Lecture 11

Regional ecological security in Russia: basic concepts and applied technologies.



Hammond F., Adrianse A., Bryant D., Woodward R. "Environmental Indicators: a Systematic Approach to Measuring and Reporting on Environmental Policy Performance in the Context of Sustainable Development", World Resource Institute, Washigton, DC.

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Environmental Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (signed in June 1998, Aarhus, Denmark)


Meadows D.H., Meadows D.L., Randers J. and Behrens W.W. "The Limits to Growth" (A report for the Club of Rome). 1972.

World Commission on Environment and Development, "Our Common Future". Oxford University Press: New York. 1987.

Pepper D., Modern environmentalism. Routledge, London-New York, 1996

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