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   Course Title    Environmental Policy and Governance
Lecturer    Inkar Kadyrzhanova
Institution    Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic Research
Country    Kazakhstan

Aim of the course

This course aims at developing the understanding of the current situation and problems of the environmental sector in Kazakhstan and worldwide through teaching the necessary analytical skills in addressing and resolving these problems, and understanding the basic public policy tools. It provides a solution-oriented training in environmental management and policy. It provides an expert assessment of both current environmental conditions and emerging issues, nationally and internationally. It includes a review of the basic disciplines important for environmental management-economics, law, and policy-as well as an opportunity to link ideas offered in the course with strategic issues in the national environmental sector.

By the end of this module, students should have a critical knowledge of a number of local, national, and international environmental issues along with related social and political factors; understand basic environmental economics and environmental assessment techniques; have an understanding of the principles behind the use of policy instruments to improve environmental protection; and understand theoretical approaches and the practical importance of management of natural resources.

The learning objectives of the course is:

  • To increase the understanding and integration of inter-connected areas involved in sound environmental decision-making.
  • To tie global resource issues to contemporary management problems.
  • To shape environmental strategies for competitive advantage and organizational change.

Methods of teaching

The course presents a combination of lectures, discussions, case studies, simulations and other problem-solving exercises, which integrate the multiple perspectives covered in the course. The students are expected to do the readings in advance and participate in class discussions. There will be 28 classes, twice a week.

Course content

The curriculum of the course is divided into four clusters: Policy process for Environmental Management; Law, Economics, and International Environmental Management; Regional Cooperation in Central Asia, and Environmental Leadership in a Time of Change.

1. Policy process for environmental management

  • The state of the debate I -- Environment and development; Growth and sustainable development; Environmental costs of economic growth

  • The state of the debate II -- Water, energy, and biological diversity

  • Ecology and industrial ecology -- Environmentally Clean technologies. Green consumer.

2. Law, Economics and International Environmental Management

  • The development of environmental law -- Environmental Laws and International Conventions; Property rights regimes; Comparative international law

  • Environmental Economics -- Introduction to Environment Economics; Environment economic principles; Free market and pricing of deployable resources; Environmental valuation techniques; Externalities and environment; EIA.
  • Environmental risk and liability management

3. Regional Co-operation in Central Asia

  • Regional Institutions, Agreements and Activities History of Development, Mechanisms of Cooperation
  • Regional Environmental Priorities National Environmental Action Plans and Regional Environmental Action Plan
  • Donor Assistance On-going projects and Project pipelines
  • Governance issues in the regional resource management on the case of Water Recourse Management and Aral Sea Basin Programme

4. Environmental Leadership in a Time of Change

  • Environmental Leadership I - collaboration and environmental management

  • Environmental Leadership II - ethics, equity, and changing societal roles
  • Environmental Leadership III - strategic planning and management
  • The public, NGOs, and environmental decision-making -- State and collective action; Public participation and NGOs; Eco-auditing
  • Information, the Internet, and technological innovation


  1. Tietenberg (1992) "Environmental and Natural Resource Economics", Third Edition, HarperCollins Publishers Inc.
  2. "Environmental policy in an international context. Perspectives on environmental problems", ed. by Glasbergen and Blowers (1995), London: Arnold
  3. Johnson (1996)"Nature, State and economy. A political economy of the environment", Second edition, John Wiley & Sons
  4. Devlin and Grafton (1998) "Economic rights and environmental wrongs. Property rights for the common good", Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
  5. Bell (1998) "An Invitation to Environmental Sociology"; Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Pine Forge Press
  6. Doyle and McEachern (1998) "Environment and Politics"; London, New York: Routledge
  7. Howlett and Ramesh (1995) "Studying Public Policy. Policy Cycles and Policy Subsystems"; Oxford: Oxford University Press


The assessment of this course will consist of 1 written assignment of approximately 2000 words (40%), one group project (20%) and final examination (30%). Class participation is strongly encouraged and may bring the student additional points (10%) to the final grade.

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