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   Course Title    Applied Environmental Impact Assessment
Lecturer    Nurlan D. Djenchuraev
Institution    Kyrgyz State University of Construction, Transportation and Architecture
Country    Kyrgyzstan



I. Aim and short description of the course

The main objective of the proposed course is to provide hands-on experience in the performance of environmental impact assessments, preparation of a team report and presentation of findings in terms of a typical development project funded by an International Development Agency, such as Asian Development Bank, World Bank, Islamic Development Bank, etc. The course will be based on Bishkek – Osh Road Rehabilitation Project case study. This project is funded by Asian Development Bank and is subject to environmental review and clearance requirements of both the Kyrgyz Republic and those of the ADB. One of the construction packages of this road will be under consideration in this course. Theoretical part (lectures) will cover the basics of environmental impact assessment, environmental legislation of Kyrgyzstan, environmental requirements of the bank, identification and appraisal of environmental impacts, methodologies for assessing environmental impacts, description of Bishkek-Osh road rehabilitation Project and reporting. Practicals will include environmental field surveys and investigations. Students will be involved in team work performing environmental impact assessment of Bishkek-Osh Road Rehabilitation. Assignments will include collecting data, reference materials, and other information from libraries, experts, and other sources; carry-out environmental field surveys and investigations, and preparation of the report. Team presentations of findings and recommendations and submission of the final report will take place in the end of the course.

II. Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum

The proposed course of lectures "Applied EIA" may complement or replace the existing course on "Ecological Expertise" by adding practical value and providing practical experience necessary to participate as an environmental specialist in international development projects.

III. Methods used

The format of the course is lectures, team work, and field trips. The form of examination is team presentations.

IV. Course content

1. Introduction. Fundamentals of Environmental Impact Assessment. Kyrgyz Environmental Legislation: Law on Environmental Protection, Law on Ecological Expertise, Law on Clean Air, Radiation Security Act, Forest Code, Biosphere Territories Act, Animal Kingdom Act, Law on Protection of Historic and Cultural Heritage, Law on Drinkable Water, etc. Environmental clearance requirements of major International Agencies on development: Asian Development Bank, World Bank, Islamic Development Bank, etc.

2. Environmental Impact Assessment / Initial Environmental Examination procedure according to requirements of ADB. Requirements of "OVOS" and "Ecological Expertise" procedures in Kyrgyzstan.

3. Bishkek-Osh Road Rehabilitation Project, Kyrgyzstan. Description of the project. Description of potentially impacted environment. Definition of the potentially affected area. Types of the potentially impacted environment: physical, ecological, human resources and economic development, quality of life. Structure of the final report. Resolving the class into teams.

5. Assignment for team 1. Physical Resources: topography, soils, seismic and geological characteristics, hydrology, climate and air quality. Description of potentially affected area. Baseline characteristics. Potential impacts. Mitigation. Site specific measures. Reporting.

6. Assignment for team 2. Ecological Resources: flora, fauna, specially protected natural territories. Description of potentially affected area. Baseline characteristics. Potential impacts. Mitigation. Site specific measures. Reporting.

7. Assignment for team 3. Human Resources and Economic Development: economic characteristics, population and communities, infrastructure, transport networks, land use issues. Description of potentially affected area. Baseline characteristics. Potential impacts. Mitigation. Site specific measures. Reporting.

8. Assignment for team 4. Social organization, public health and safety, noise, recreation, archeologic and historic resources, aesthetics. Description of potentially affected area. Baseline characteristics. Potential impacts. Mitigation. Site specific measures. Reporting.

9. Assignment for teams 1-4. Preparation of the final report including description of impacted environment, mitigation measures, findings, recommendations, conclusions, references. Presentation of the report at the department’s seminar. Conclusion.

V. Readings

a., Mandatory

  1. Law on Environment Protection, Kyrgyzstan, 1999, (in Kyrgyz / Russian)
  2. Law on Ecological Expertise (State environmental review), Kyrgyzstan, 1999. (in Kyrgyz / Russian)
  3. Instruction & Procedure on the State Ecological Expertise of Pre-design, Design and Other Documents in Kyrgyz Republic. Kyrgyzstan. 1997.
  4. Instruction & Procedure of OVOS in Kyrgyz Republic. 1997.
  5. Environmental Impact Assessment: Issues, Trends and Practice Preliminary Version, June 1996 Prepared for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

b., Recommended

  1. Kyrgyz Republic National Environmental Action Plan, World Bank. May 1995, (in Russian)
  2. Environmental Assessment in Countries in Transition. Eds.: E.Bellinger et al. CEU Press. 2000.
  3. The practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment. R. Therivel and M.R.Partidario. Earthscan Publications Limited. 1996
  4. Ministry of Environment Protection, Ekologiceskaya Bezopasnost’ Kyrgyzstana (Ecological Security of Kyrgyzstan), 1998, (in Kyrgyz / Russian)
  5. Atlas of Kyrgyz SSR, Central Directorate for Geodesv and Cartography, Council of Ministers of the USSR, Mocow, 1987. (in Russian)
  6. Koshoev, M.K., 1996, Opasnye prirodnie yavleniya Kyrgystata (Dangerous natural Phenomena in Kyrgyzstan), Bishkek: Ilim. (in Russian)
  7. State Action Plan for Environmental Hygiene, Kyrgyz Republic, 1999. (in Russian)
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