|Course Title||Population Geography|
|Institution||University of Shkodra|
I. AIM OF THE COURSE:
II. ROLE OF THE COURSE IN THE OVERALL DEGREE CURRICULUM
This course is part of the Human Geography Branch in the Department of Geography. It is taught during the second semester of the second year of study for the students. In the first semester the students are acquainted with the Elements of Human Geography in general and after that Population Geography is the first detailed subject of this field. The students should learn this kind of subject because they will need it in the third year of study for Regional Geography. In this course they learn about the laws of population geography in general with examples from different countries from all over the world, while in their third year of study they will use their knowledge in this field to determine the population situation in specific countries (within the Regional Geography of the World). During their fourth year of study they will use them for the subject of Regional Geography of Albania. So they will practice more what they have learned during the Population Geography Course.
III. METHODS USED
There will be, in general, two kind of methods used: Mass Instruction for the lectures and Group Instruction for the seminars.
Mass instruction will be used for the lectures because there is a large group of learners, about 70 and the students are almost homogenous. This is a good method because the course content contains a large amount of world population data and the teacher is the primary resource of information.
Group instruction will be used in the seminars. The students are divided into three groups, 23 students for each. This kind of subject is very large and always a practical one, so the students are in contact with different kinds of useful information taken from the TV, magazines, newspapers, media in general and Internet. The small group discussions will allow the teacher and the students to introduce ideas, issues, tasks and problems, and the teacher will guide the discussion through a series of questions to reach the needed conclusion.
IV. COURSE CONTENT
Lecture: An introduction to Population Geography
The field of its study
The roots of Population Geography
Modern Population Geography
Seminar: Free discussion on what students know about Human and Physical Geography and the place of Population Geography in the Geographical Sciences.
Lecture: Population Distribution and Density (1)
Physical factors and Population Distribution
(accessibility, relief and soil fertility, climate and weather, natural vegetation and animal life, water supplies, mineral and energy resources )
Seminar: Comments on the distribution and density of population shown in the Distribution of the World Population Map with regard to their relationship with their natural environments.
Lecture: Population Distribution and Density (2)
Non-Physical factors and Population Distribution
(culture and tradition, economic preference, religion and social beliefs, political forces)
Seminar: Discussion with examples from different countries about the human factors that have determined proper distribution.
Lecture: Population Distribution and Density (3)
Aspects of density- ecumene, non-ecumene
Measurement of population density (over population, under population, optimum population)
The dense regions (China, India, Japan, Java, West Europe, Great Britain, North-West America, Egypt)
Seminar: Exercises to measure density population, to show in the world map the boundary between ecumene and non-ecumene and to analyze the dense regions.
Lecture: Theories about population growth (1)
Romans and ancient Greeks and their thoughts about population growth
The Middle Ages and the problem of Population Growth
Seminar: Discussion on the thinking on population in ancient and mediaeval times in relationship with the historical situation.
Lecture: Theories about population growth (2)
Thomas Malthus and his "Essay on the principle of population"
The Modern Malthusianism
Seminar: Discussion on the problems that Malthus foresaw 200 years ago: food supply, space, employment, health.
Lecture: Theories about population growth (3)
Contemporary theories about population growth
Demographic Transition Theory
Seminar: Discussion on the contemporary theories, especially on the demographic transition theory and on the demographic transition model.
Lecture: The Population Dynamic (1)
Measures of fertility
Fertility decline theory
Fertility in developed and less developed countries
Seminar: Exercises on the measures of fertility (Crude birth rate, general fertility rate, child-woman ratio, age-specific birth rate, standardized death rate) Discussion on the patterns of fertility in different countries.
Lecture: The Population Dynamic (2)
Measures of mortality
Mortality and development
Mortality in developed and less developed countries
Seminar: Exercises on the measures of mortality (Crude death rate, age-and sex- specific death rates, expectation of life at birth, infant mortality rate) Discussion on the patterns of mortality in different countries.
Lecture: Population Composition
Demographic patterns: Age Structure, Sex Structure
Socio-political Patterns: Religion, Language, Nationality
Economic Patterns: Occupational Structure, Unemployment
Composition and demographic change
Seminar: Construction of an age-sex pyramid for different countries and comments on their shape, bearing in mind the economic and geographical characteristics of these countries and their histories.
Lecture: Population movement (1)
The Analysis of migration
Classification of migration
Reasons for migration
Theories of migration
Results of migration
Seminar: Analyses of the flow-line map of the world that shows the population movements. Examination of the world pattern of 20th century migration and discussion on the consequences of these movements.
Lecture: Population movement (2)
Rural to urban movements in developed and less developed countries
The political economy perspective: the way forward
Seminar: Discussion on the internal migration in East and West countries during the years: 1945-1990
Lecture: Population movement (3)
Forced migration and refugees
Modern permanent-settlement immigration
Seminar: Discussion on international migration after 1990, especially on Eastern European countries. Essay: "The population movement in Albania from 1945 up to now"
Lecture: Population policies
Population redistribution in developed countries
Population redistribution in less developed countries
Seminar: Discussion on the different population policies in developed and less developed countries, reasons for and results of such policies.
Lecture: Population and the environment
Assessing population impact on environment
Environmental problems within cities
Environmental impacts outside cities
Seminar: Discussion on the topic: "Is city-population growth the root of city environmental problems? "
Jones H. "Population Geography", London 1990
Misja, V.Vejsiu, Y.Berxholi, A. "Popullsia e Shqiperise" (The population of Albania )
Prof.As.Dr Draēi B. Prof.As.Dr. Doka Dh. Prof.As.Dr.Yzeiri E. "Bazat e Gjeografisė Ekonomike dhe Humane"(The basics of Economic and Human Geography), Tiranė 2001
Whynne-Hammond Ch. "Elements of Human Geography, Second Edition"
Projeksionet e popullsisė sė Shqipėrisė 1995-2010, INSTAT UNFPA (The projection of the population of Albania 1995-2010), Tiranė 1996
"Spatial Distribution", Demography, Volume 35, November 1998
Sula, B. "Shkodra ne veshtrimin e saj demografik",(Shkodra in the demographic view) "Shkodra ne shekuj" vell II, Seminari II.
Konferenca Ndėrkombėtare mbi popullsinė dhe zhvillimin, UNFPA (National Conference on the population and development), Tiranė 2001
Gjonēa A. "Proēeset migruese nė vitet 90-tė"(The migrative proceses during the 90s), "Ekonomia dhe tranzicioni", Tiranė 2000