|Course Title||Ecology and Environment|
|Institution||Kyrgyz Architecture - Construction Institute|
I. Aim of the course
The main aim of the course is for students to learn the foundations of ecology and environment from the position of engineer tasks of the speciality.
II. Role of the course in the overall degree curriculum
The course is based on the acquired knowledges and skills of the students in such courses as "chemistry", "physics", "highest mathimetics", ""Information tehnologies and simulation", "History" and "Philosophy". As a result, the base for learning is the engineering disciplines from the position of local, regional and world problems of the environment.
The course is directly connected with such main courses of the overall degree curriculum as "Space Heating", "Ventilation", "Air Conditioning", "Heat Generating Installations", "Heat Supply, Gas Supply" etc. Interconnection of each module of this course with modules of courses studied before and after, are given in the Attachment 1.
III. Methods used
I use the generally accepted teaching methods of active learning of the lecture materials on the base of involving students in the brief discussions, organisation of the problems from practice, and returning connections to the learning by students. Slides and handouts are used.
Holding discussions are implemented by the methods of "brain attack", for instance, questions on draft of independent elaborations (see Attachment 1) of every student.
Using of computers is implemented in the computer laboratory, at first in the form of practice lesson for familiarising students with the program and then independent attendence of students.
Case studies precede the total excursions of students to the engineer objects on environment.
IV. Course content
A week-by-week division of the course is in compliance to its chapters. The course content is presented here in two forms, the second of which (Attachment 1) is developed by the author and used in our university.
Topic: Introduction. Objectives and tasks of Ecology and Environment. Major problems.
[ 1 ], pages 15 39;
[ 2 ], pages 4 12.
Introduction. Subject and tasks of ecology. Major stages of ecological science development. Ecology in the system of natural sciences. Main directions in Ecology. Modern ecological problems. Main terms of ecology.
Topic: Ecology systems. Structure and protection of biosphere: atmosphere, hydrosphere and litosphere.
[ 1 ], pages 40 53, 98 119;
[ 3 ], pages 55 64.
Ecosystems. Organisation and functioning of the systems if the different range: population, biocenosis (association), biogeocenosis (ecosystem) and biosphere. Biosphere and structure of biosphere-atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Study of V.I.Vernadki about biosphere. Concept of neosphere.
Topic: Circulation of the matters: water, carbon, oxygen, phosphorus, natrogen and sulphur. Human influence to the circulation.
[ 1 ], pages 108 119.
Circulation of matters in the nature. Large geological circuit: circulation of solid matters and water. Small biogenic circuit: circulation of water, carbon, oxygen, phosphorus, nitrogen and sulphur. Influence of humanity to the circulation processes.
Topic: Ecology laws. Ecological distasters: reasons and consequences (Aral sea, Chernobyl).
[ 1 ], pages 165 170.
Ecology laws. Law of tolerance. Law of minimum. Barry Kommeners four major laws of ecology. Modern scales of the humanity influence to the nature. Ecological disasters: reasons and consequences. Ecological disaster of Aral sea. Emergency at the Chernobyl APS.
Topic: Energy balance of the Earth and change of climate. Traditional and renewable energy
[ 4 ], pages 283 313, 293 409;
[ 6 ], pages 1 9;
[ 5 ], pages 1 72.
Energy balance of the Earth. The main energy resources: classification, influence of their use to the environment state. Traditional energetics. Solar and wind energy, geothermal energy. Energy of high tides and low tides.
Topic: Atmosphere and vital activities. Natural and artificial resources of pollution. Acidic rains, protection of the ozone layer. Enhancement of "greenhouse effect". Ways of protection.
[ 2 ], pages 13 27;
[ 3 ], pages 22 33;
[ 6 ], pages 10 45.
Atmosphere and vital activities of living beings. Natural and artificial resources of atmosphere pollution. Classification of pollution. Acidic rains, protection of the ozone layer. Destruction of "greenhouse effect". Ways of protection.
Topic: Water resources and their protection. Resources of pollution: pestecides, oil products, heavy metal, radionuclears, mineral manures. Ocean and planet life.
[ 1 ], pages 236 244;
[ 2 ], pages 27 34, 153 - 177
Water resources and their protection. Resources of pollution:. Ocean and planet life.
Water resources of the Earth. The problem of potable water deficit. The resources of natural water pollution. Pollution of ponds???? by pestecides, oil products, heavy metal, radionuclears, mineral manures. Pollution of ponds by mineral fertilizers and their damage. Pollution of natural water by sea and river ships. Significance of the World ocean in the life of planet.
Topic: Land resources and their protection. Pollution by solid wastes, heavy metals, pestecides, dioxides, oil products and etc. Aciding of soil.
[ 1 ], pages 225 236;
[ 2 ], pages 39 55.
Economical and ecological problems of the mineral resources using. Land resources of the planet. Agricultural use of lands and its consequence. Consequences of the pestecides. Aciding of the soil. The reasons of the lands spoiling. Pollution of the lad by solid wastes, heavy metals, pestecides, dioxides, oil products. Methods of their removal.
Topic: Flora and fauna and its protection. Importance of forests, protected areas. Red Book.
Media of men life. Consequences of large population.
[ 1 ], pages 261 266;
[ 1 ], pages 179 204.
Bioresources. Flora resources. Forest. Importance of the forest in the life of living beings and biosphere in total. Use of forest in agriculture. Water distribution function of forest. Modern influence scales to the flora. Ecological consequences of flora resources exhaustion. Disappearance of the plants as a result of biosphere pollution. Fauna resources. Decreasing of biovariety. Specifically protected natural areas: nature reserves, national parks, nature monuments. Red Book.
Social ecology. Human evolution. Ecological niches of man, cities. Population. Demographical transition. Modern anthropogenesis and character of people.
Topic: Nature and economy. Assessment of influence of agricultural activities to the nature.
Environment and man health.
[ 1 ], pages 205 216, 294 304;
[ 3 ], pages 285 291;
[ 8 ], pages 1 9.
Nature and economy. Principles of economical evaluation of nature resources. Assessment of the economy activities influence to the nature. New concept of the economical development and territorial organisation of society.
Man as biological specie. Interconnection of the man and biotic and abiotic media. Environment and mans health. Space factors of influence to the mans organism. Chemical compound of natural systems and mans health.
Topic: International collaboration on Environment. Programmes of United Nations.
Stockholm, New York, Rio-de-Janeiro, Kiot and other decisions.
[ 9 ], all pages
[ 10 ], all pages
[ 11 ], all pages
[ 12 ], all pages
[ 13 ], all pages
[ 14 ], all pages
Major tendencies of the society development in the conditions of anthropogenetic change of nature conditions. International cooperation in the field of ecology. The program of UN on Environment (????). Stokcholm declaration on Environment. Kiot Protocol.
The Global system of monitoring. Conference in Rio-de-Janeiro. Experience of countries in the decision of ecological problems. Social and political struggle and ecological movement. Ecological entirety of the world.
Topic: . National plan on Environment of Kyrgyzstan and its international collaboration.
Nature protection legislation. Law "on Environment", Juridical responsibility.
Readings: [ 15 ], all pages.
Ecological movement in Kyrgyzstan. National plan of environment of Kyrgyz Republic. The problems of nature protection in Kyrgyzstan. Specifically protected areas of Kyrgyzstan. International cooperation of Kyrgyz Republic in the field of environment.
Juridical foundations of nature protection in Kyrgyzstan. Foundations of the nature protection legislation. Law of Kyrgyz Republic "about environment". Right of citizens for favourable environment. Juridical responsibility for infringement of the legislation about environment.
Topic: Means of prevention of biosphere pollution: atmosphere, hydrosphere, litosphere.
Purification devices and apparatus. Assessment of influence of human activity to the
state of Environment.
[ 1 ], pages 406 420;
[ 2 ], pages 57 78;
[ 8 ], pages 9 28.
The main means of preventing of biosphere pollution. Protection of atmosphere, hydrosphere and litosphere. Main purification devices and apparatus. Assessment of influence of economy activity of man to the state of Environment.
List of the practice tasks presented to the students for self prepared papers on the course
"Ecology and Environment"