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   Course Title    Environmental Management
Lecturer    Inna Blam
Institution    Novosibirsk State University
Country    Russia

The course on environmental management will address the need for training potential future managers for Russian industries to develop and implement environmental management programs directed towards the continual improvement of their enterprise performances.

The course will provide students with a background in some of the principles of environmental science and an application of these to the study of specific problems occurring in the local region. Expectations are that many of the graduates will be available to enter employment in the local region, in industry, commerce, local administration, local regulatory bodies, teaching, research, etc.

The special course „Environmental management" will be included in the curriculum of the Novosibirsk State University Economics Department. The present curriculum of required courses in the department complies in general with the Western standards of teaching environmental economics. However, there is an urgent need in the further development of the existing environmental course sequence in order to transform it into a full-sized Masters Degree Environmental Economics Program.

Approximate number of students that will take the course - 30 (M.A. Program).


Course Objectives

The aims of the course are to enable students to become acquainted with theories, attitudes, and insights of leading researchers and policy-makers. The students majoring in economic theory should be able to see its application to public policy and everyday business practices. The course will familiarize students with cases, environmental policies, the nature of „environmental" reasoning and arguments. Students will also develop and refine their skills of critical thinking, oral expression and writing.


Course Requirements

Regular attendance and informed participation in seminar discussions are essential. Several homework assignments will be given during the course (25% of the final grade).

Three exams during the course - two midterms (25% of the final grade), a term paper (50% of the final grade). An exam consists of 4-5 short essay/application questions.


Methods by Which Goals and Objectives Will Be Accomplished

The course will be based on 90-minute lectures addressing the issues mentioned in the course description. A seminar on the same topic will follow each lecture. Specific pedagogical approaches used include:

  • focusing discussion of readings by providing discussion questions with the reading assignments;

  • having student teams read books and report on them to the rest of class;

  • having temporary teams of students address a short-term assignment during (or between) class(es); having individual students prepare papers and present them to the class;

  • using mid-term and final exams to test students’ retention and comprehension of material;

  • engaging in traditional seminar discussions of assigned readings;

  • and lecturing (not only traditional lecturing but also answering the students’ questions and including the elements of discussion).


Course Content

1. Greening the Organisation: Getting Started

External influences for environmental change. Increase market share. Market opportunities: avalanche markets, green consumers, green industries. Increase shareholder value. Internal Influences for environmental change.

2. Corporate Social Responsibility

The role of corporate social responsibility in corporate business strategies. Important practical ways to implement and manage corporate social responsibility. Links between the social and environmental dimensions of corporate social responsibility. A process of structured dialogue between companies and their various stakeholders on corporate social responsibility. The respective roles of the main actors, that is, companies, social partners, public authorities, NGOs in promoting corporate social responsibility.

3. Environmental Policy Strategic Planning Toolbox

3.1. Environmental cross industry initiatives: Environment Canada - Environmental Technology Centre (ETC) <>; Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (CEAA) <>, National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy (NRTEE) <>; International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) <>; Canadian Centre for Pollution Prevention <>; Total Quality Environmental Management (TQEM) & Global Environmental Management Initiative <> (GEMI); The Natural Step Framework; United Nations Industrial Development Organisation - Cleaner Production <>; Canadian Business Environmental Performance Office (BEPO) <>; Canadian Environmental Solutions (CES) - Industry Canada <> Canadian Technology Gateway (CTG) - Industry Canada <>; International Chamber of Commerce Business Charter for Sustainable Development (ICCBSD), Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES), Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS).

3.2. Standards of environmental management.

The ways in which companies could benefit from being certified under a social responsibility standard: making the company more attractive to investors; attracting more customers; lowering insurance premiums; improving relations with business partners such as suppliers; improving relations with workers and with the local community; improving relations with governments and non-government organisations; reducing the likelihood of costly accidents. International Standardisation Organisation; Canadian Standardisation Association; British Standardisation Institute; and Ireland Standardisation Institute. Environmental Audit: Assessment, Review, Management and Attestation.

4. Environmental Policy Implementation Toolbox

Life Cycle Assessment. Design for Environment. Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing. Reduction, Reuse, Recycling, Recovery. Pollution Prevention  Environment, Health & Safety Programs. Using Renewable Energy Sources. Value Driven Approaches. Zero Emission Processes. Sustainable Business Development.

5. Corporate Reporting Toolbox

5.1. History of corporate sustainability reporting. Guidelines drawn up under the Global Reporting Initiative <> by the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES) in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Coming Clean: A publication of IISD <keyfindings.htm>.

5.2. Corporate Reporting in Practice <corpinpractice.htm>. Corporate Sustainability Reporting in Canada: a comprehensive survey of corporate sustainability reporting in Canada, published in November 2001 by the business consultancy Stratos.

5.3. The next steps: to move beyond reporting on 'good news', health and safety and community philanthropy to a broader coverage of social and ethical issues; to a more outward-looking focus on business challenges and opportunities associated with corporate sustainability.


1. Buchholz, R.A. Principles of Environmental Management: The Greening of Business, Prentice Hall; 1998.

2. Buchholz, R.A. Principles of environmental management: The greening of business. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

3. Cairncross, Frances. Green, inc.: A guide to business and the environment. London: Earthscan, 1995. 277 p.

4. Cannon, T. Corporate responsibility: A textbook on business ethics, governance, environmentroles and responsibilities. London, UK: Pitman, 1994. 341 p.

5. Capra, F. and G. Pauli, eds. Steering business toward sustainability. Llanham, MD: United Nations University Press, 1995. 191 p.

6. Columbia University Business School. Corporate environmentalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. 291 p.

7. Crognale, G. Environmental Management Strategies: The 21st Century Perspective, Prentice Hall, 1999;

8. Dell, T. The corporate environmental leader: Five steps to a new ethic. Crisp Publications, Menlo Park, CA., 1995.

9. Friedman, Frank B. Practical guide to environmental management. 6th edition. Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute, 1995.

10. Fussler, C. Driving eco-innovation: A breakthrough discipline for innovation and sustainability. London: Pitman Publishing, 1998.

11. Global Reporting Initiative <>: Goetsch, D.L. & S. Davis ISO 14000: Environmental Management  ,Prentice Hall, 2000;

13. Groenewegan, Peter et al., eds. The greening of industry: resource guide and bibliography. The greening of industry network series. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1996. 260 p.

14. International Institute for Sustainable Development; IISD, Deloitte & Touche, BCSD: Business strategy for sustainable development: leadership and accountability, Toronto, Micromedia, 1994.

15. International Standard ISO 14031, ISO 14031:1999 (E) Environmental Management Environmental Performance Evaluation - Guidelines. - Geneva: ISO/IEC 1996.

16. ISO 14001. Environmental management systems - Specification with guidance for use (ISO 14001: 1996) - CEN, 1996.

17. ISO 14031, Environmental management - Environmental performance evaluation - Guidelines. - 1998, Geneva.

18. Kinsella, J., A.D. McCully Handbook for Implementing an ISO 14001 Environmental Management System : A Practical Approach, EMCON, 1999;

19. Nattrass, B. et al. The Natural Step for Business : Wealth, Ecology and the Evolutionary Corporation (Conscientious Commerce), New Society Pub., 1999;

20. Oates, W.E., ed. The RFF reader in environmental and resource management. Resources for the Future: Washington, DC, 1999.

21. Sheldon, Ch. & M. Yoxon Installing Environmental Management Systems: A Step by Step Guide, Earthscan Pubns Ltd, 2002;

22. Tischler K. Ökologische Betriebswirtschaftslehre. München, 1996.

23. United Nations. Environmental Management in Transnational Corporations. Report on the Benchmark Corporate Environmental Survey. New York: United Nations. 1993.

24. Welford R. Corporate Environmental Management. London, 1996.

25. Winter G. Ökologische Untcrnehmensentwicklung. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1997.

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