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   Course Title    Environmental Management - Different Practices and Approaches
Lecturer    Natallia Aliakseyeva
Institution    Saint Petersburg State University
Country    Russia

Course "Environmental Management - different practices and approaches" is aimed at an overview of existing management structures and practices and a comparison of different approaches to environmental management in countries in transition and developed western countries (East-West dimension and interrelations).

This course will deal with environmental management issues mainly from political perspective and, hence, it will examine policy instruments and concepts used in management systems and approaches as well as new trends in environmental management and the influence of EU-enlargement on countries in transition.

This course will be based on previous course on Basics in environmental management already developed at the frames the Department. Thus this new course will use some basic knowledge on environmental management and will have advanced level (4-5 year students). The main attribute of this course comparing to basic one will be it analytical character which will lead to the development of critical thinking and own attitudes among the audience.

As far as the course will have a special character, it will have a duration of 24 hours during one semester (according to University’s rules). First half of classes will be devoted to theoretical background to give some background for further discussion. Second part of the course will have more interactive character to get feedback and provide analytical discussions among the students. In addition to the lectures, case studies will be also proposed to students for comparison of different examples and methods.

During the course students will be asked to submit several papers and make presentations on agreed topics. It will stimulate knowledge exchange and the development of analytical abilities among students, also it will support their presentation skills needed for professional career.

Course content: (12 lectures, each for 2 hours)

    1. Introduction. Definitions and attitudes. Role of Environmental sciences in the management process.
      This lecture will be devoted to explain different definitions and attitudes towards the term of environmental management. Also the place of Environmental Management in the field of Environmental sciences will be clarified; and its interrelations with other branches of science will be examined. The role of different branches of environmental sciences will be studied to explain the multi-layered and very comprehensive character of Environmental management.
    2. Environmental Management and politics, policies and market. Policy- and decision-making and environmental management. Environmental economics.
      The lecture will deal with policy dimensions, political aims and market characteristics in the Environmental management process as far as all these points are interconnected. The process of decision-making and policy formulating will be studied to explain its crucial character for Environmental management. Environmental economics as a supportive system.
    3. ISO 14000 and other standards as a tool for Environmental management.
      ISO 14000, BS 7750 and EMAS will be presented as possible tolls for Environmental management. The differences and similarities of these standards are worth to mention. Implementation of ISO 14000 in Russian Federation – problems and perspectives.
    4. Environmental management systems, auditing, labeling and Life Cycle Assessment as parts of Environmental management process.
      All these questions will be studied in the frames of ISO 1400 standards basing on different approaches towards the issues. Progress in their implementation world-wide and problems.
    5. Green marketing and its connection with Environmental management systems and process.
      Environmental marketing or green marketing and its interrelations with Environmental management will be examined for better understanding of market drivers in Environmental management process. Different practices in green marketing and their implications for Environmental management will be studied as well.
    6. East-West differences and similarities in Environmental management process.
      East-West system in the World. Different actors and drivers in this connection. New trends and directions in the Western countries and their projection on the East. Conflicts and cooperation between East and West.
    7. Case studies as examples of the Environmental management theory implementation.
      Different case studies will be presented to give an understanding of the term and its importance for the theory. These case studies will chosen from different fields and countries and will have different level of success.
    8. Case studies presented by students – discussion and conclusions.
      Students will be asked to prepare a short presentation based on their own experience or literature review about best and worst practices in environmental management. After these presentations a discussion will be organized to exchange their opinions and points of view and get new ideas on how environmental management works and what does it mean.
      Also students will be asked to prepare an essay on chosen topic related with the lectures content for last lecture. Submission – on the 11th lecture.
    9. EU enlargement as a challenge for Environmental management.
      What does EU enlargement mean for EU-accession countries and for countries in transition? Why they will have to change their performance in the field of Environmental management? These questions will be studied to present strong and weak points of EU enlargement for different actors and countries and their implications for Environmental management.
    10. Future trends in environmental management. Globalization and Environmental management. Management and democratization.
      Future directions of Environmental management will be presented taking into account different authors and points of view. The process of globalization will be studied as a challenge for Environmental management. Management of the global commons – how it is developing? The question of how democratization fits in Environmental management process will be examined for better understanding of positive and negative influences in the light of growing democratization of the society.
    11. Best Environmental management practices in Russian circumstances. Is it realistic or not?
      This lecture will be devoted to discussion on this topic. This discussion will be facilitated by the lecturer using some examples of such practices, both best and worst.
    12. Evaluation of students’ essays and discussion. Conclusions.
      Students essays will be discussed and marked. Each student will have a possibility to present his-her essay and answer some questions. After all some conclusions will be given to underline main points of the course and present some thoughts to be deliberated before the examination.

After the last lecture, students will pass an examination, which will contribute to 50% of grade, the rest will give their presentations and essays.



  1. Wilson, G.A. "Environmental management. New directions for the twenty-first century., London, UCL Press, 1997
  2. "Environmental Science for Environmental Management", ed. by T. O’Riordan. Second edition. Pearson Education, 2000


  1. "Environmental Management: readings and case studies", ed. by L. Owen and T. Unwin. Blackwell Publishers, UK, 1997
  2. Hines F. Readings for course "Environmental Management". 1998-1999 academic year, CEU, Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy.
  3. ISO 14000 and Beyond. Environmental Management Systems in the Real World, ed. by Sheldon C. Greenleaf Publishing, Sheffield, 1997.
  4. "Environmental Management in East and West: Environmental, Political and Business Perspectives". Materials of the course given by Umea University, Sweden, August 2000.
  5. Sorokin N.D. "Questions of Environmental Auditing ". St.Petersburg, "Ecopolis and culture", 2000. In Russian.

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