This is an introductory course. It aims at delimiting the field of political philosophy with respect of moral philosophy on the one hand and political science on the other. It will present political philosophy's main questions and the most important contemporary answers to these. It will also focus on applications to problems which are topical in Eastern Europe these days: compensatory justice, retroactive punishment, privatization, neutrality of the state, ethnic identity and national self-determination.
The unpaired classes are generally going to be lectures, the paired ones seminar discussions.
1-2. Introductory: What is Political Philosophy?
J. Raz: Introduction. In: Raz (ed.): Authority. 1 -19.
J. Waldron: Theoretical Foundations of Liberalism.
W. Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy, 1-8.
3-4. The Austrian Critics of Totalitarianism.
K. Popper: The Open Society and Its Enemies I, 157-175, 284-289.
Friedrich A. von Hayek: The Constitution of Liberty, 397-411.
F.A.Hayek: The Road to Serfdom, 40-53, 66-75, 135-149.
R.Hare: Utilitarianism In Freedom and Reason
A. Quinton: Introduction and Epilogue. In Quinton: Utilitarian Ethics.
W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy, 9-49.
R.P.Wolff: The Conflict Between Authority and Autonomy. In J.Raz (ed.): Authority. Oxford 1990
J . Raz: Introduction . In: Raz (ed.): Authority
9-10. Libertarianism (Nozick) I: The Minimal State.
Nozick: Anarchy, State, and Utopia, 3-25, 28-53.
11-12. Libertarianism (Nozick) II: Private Property.
Nozick: Anarchy, State, and Utopia, 150-182.
D.Lyons: The New Indian Claims and Original Rights to Land. In J.Paul (ed.): Reading Nozick. Oxford 1982.
J.Waldron: Superseding Historic Injustice. In Ethics 103 (1992) 4-28. W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy. Oxford 1990. 95-125, 155-159.
13-14. Contractarian Egalitarianism (Rawls) I: Theory.
J.Rawls: A Theory of Justice, Ch.1. (pp. 3-53) and paragraphs 24-25 from Ch.3. (136-150)
W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy, 50-76, 90-94.
15-16. Contractarian Egalitarianism (Rawls) II: Principles.
J.Rawls: A Theory of Justice, Ch.2. (54-117) and paragraphs 31-32 from Ch.4. (195-205)
T.M.Scanlon: Rawls Theory of Justice. In N. Daniels (ed.): Reading Rawls. Oxford 1975 369205.
N.Daniels: Equal Liberty and Unequal Worth of Liberty. In Daniels (ed.): Reading Rawls. Oxford 1975. 253-281.
17-18. Contractarian Libertarianism (Buchanan).
J Buchanan: The Limits of Liberty, 91-106, 130-146. J.Buchanan: Rules for a Fair Game. Contractarian notes on Distributive Justice. In Buchanan.: Liberty, Market and State, 123-139.
J.Buchanan: Justice and Equal Treatment. In Buchanan: Liberty, Market and State, 140-158.
W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy, 124-132.
19-20. Liberal Equality (Dworkin) I: Equal Respect.
R.Dworkin: Liberalism. In Dworkin: A Matter of Principle
R.Dworkin: What Rights Do We Have? In Dworkin: Taking Rights Seriously.
W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy. 199-207, 232-234.
21-22. Liberal Equality (Dworkin)II: Equality of Resources.
R.Dworkin: Justice and Resource. In Liberal Equality
W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy 76-85, 90-94.
23-24. Communitarianism I (MacIntyre).
A.MacIntyre: Is Patriotism a Virtue?
W.Kymlicka: Contemporary Political Philosophy. 199-237.
S.Mulhall-A.Swift: Liberals and Communitarians. Oxford 1992. 70-100.
25-26. Communitarianism II (Walzer).
M.Walzer: Philosophy and Democracy. In Political Theory 9 (1981) 379-399.
M.Walzer: Spheres of Justice, 3-30.
S. Mulhall-A.Swift: Liberals and Communitarians 127-156.
27-28. Perfectionist Liberalism (Raz).
J.Raz: The Morality of Freedom. Oxford 1986. 412-430.
A.Buchanan: The Case for a Moral Right to Secede. Ir. Buchanan: Secession, 29-52.
S.Mulhall-A.Swift: Liberals and Communitarians. 249-288.
Active participation in the discussions is welcome. A midterm essay and a final essay (both of 10-15 pages, the second to be complemented with technical notes and a fair bibliography of readings) are required. Grading will depend on these three factors in the following way:
participation at the seminars: 30 %
mid-term essay: 30 %
final essay: 40 %
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