THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (I):
THE CLASSICAL DEBATES

Stefano Guzzini
Term: Fall 1994
Faculty of Political Science, Budapest
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY



Course Summary:

Weekly unit: seminar (Wednesday, 12.00-13.30) and following lecture (Monday, 12.0013.30).

Requirements:
1. Seminar Participation (30%). Students are expected to read and to be prepared to discuss weekly assignments.
2. Seminar Work, including one presentation to one of the seminars, briefings, resumes of books (30%).
3. Research (seminar) paper (40%), to be presented and discussed before the winter break. Final version due for the 17 January.

1. General Introduction

Lecture: 'The core issue of classical International Relations (IR): the study of war and peace'
Required Readings:
Stanley Hofmann, 'An American Social Science: International Relations', Daedalus, vol. 106, no. 3 (1977), pp. 41-60, reprinted in Janus and Minerva. Essays in International Theory and Practice.
Steve Smith, 'The Development of International Relations as a Social Science', Millennium, vol. 16, no. 2 (1987), pp. 189-206.

2. The First Debate Realism vs. Idealism

Lecture: 'Classical Realism: Carr, Morgenthau and the Crisis of Collective Security'
Required Readings (to be read during the term):
E.H. Carr, The Twenty Years' Crisis, 2nd ed. (London: Macmillan, 1946).
Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations. The Struggle for Power and Peace (New York: Knopf, 1948).
John Herz, 'Idealist Internationalism and the security dilemma', World Politics, vol. II (1950), pp. 157-180.

3. Realism and US Foreign Policy During the Cold War

Seminar: 'The Realism of George F. Kennan'
Lecture: 'Origins and Collapse of Containment'
Readings:
George F. Kennan, American Diplomacy 1900-1950 (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951), Part II, pp. 107-154.
John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), chapters 1-3, pp. 1-88 (the reader contains also chapters 7-8, pp. 198-273).
Stanley Hoffmann, Primacy or World Order (New York: McGraw Hill, 1978), chapter 1.

4.-6. The Second Debate: Classical Versus Scientific IR.

4. Seminar: 'The security dilemma and international anarchy: the conceptions of Kenneth Waltz and Hedley Bull compared'
Lecture: 'The Behavioral Revolution in IR'
Required Readings:
Kenneth Waltz, Man, State and War: A theoretical analysis (New York: Columbia University Press, 1959), chapters VI-VIII, pp. 159-239.
Hedley Bull, 'Society and Anarchy in International Relations', in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations: Essays in the Theory of International Relations (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966), pp. 35-50.
Hedley Bull, 'The Grotian Conception of International Society', in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations: Essays in the Theory of International Relations (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966), pp. 51-73.
Hedley Bull, The Anarchical Society. A study of order in World Politics (London: Macmillan, 1977), Part II, pp. 101-229.

5. Seminar 'The Balance of Power: Theory, Concept, or Description?'
Lecture: 'The Present Debate on the Balance of Power'
Required Readings:
Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations, Part 4: The Balance of Power.
Ernst B. Haas, 'The Balance of Power: Prescription, Concept, or Propaganda', World Politics, vol. V, no. 4 (July 1953), pp. 442-477.
Martin Wight, 'The Balance of Power', in H. Butterfield and M. Wight (eds.), Diplomatic Investigations: Essays in the Theory of International Relations (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966).
Inis Claude, Power and International Relations (New York: Random House, 1962).
Special Issue of the Review of International Studies on the Balance of Power, vol. 15.

6. Seminar: 'Objective laws and the National Interest'
Lecture: 'Realist Thought and Neorealist Theory: The Aron-Waltz Debate'
Required Readings:
Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations, Introduction (the six principles of Realism).
Morton Kaplan, 'Variants on six models of the international system', in James Rosenau (ed.), International Politics and Foreign Policy: A Reader in Research and Theory (New York: Free Press, 1969), pp. 291-303.
Arnold Wolfers, Discord and Collaboration (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1962), chapters 6-10, pp. 81-166.
Raymond Aron, War and Peace, Part I.

7. Epilogue: Marxist Realism?
Seminar: 'Marxist Thought on International Relations: Assumptions and concepts'
Lecture: 'Marxist and Realist concepts (and practice) compared'
Required Readings:
R.N. Berki, 'On Marxian Thought and the Problem of International Relations', World Politics, vol. 24, no. 1 (1971), pp. 80-105.
Margot Light, The Soviet Theory of International Relations (Brighton: Harvester/Wheatsheaf, 1988), chapters 8-9, pp. 209-293.
Allen Lynch, The Soviet Study of International Relations, 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), chapters 3-6, pp. 32-130.

8.-11. The Third Debate Realism Versus Globalism

8. Seminar: 'Power and Interdependence: Rejection of or Supplement to Realism?'
Lecture: 'Interdependence on Trial'
Required Readings:
Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye jr., Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1977), Part I.
R.J. Barry Jones and P. Willetts (eds.), Interdependence on Trial: Studies in the Theory and Reality of Interdependence (London: Frances Pinter, 1984).
Kenneth Waltz, 'The Myth of National Interdependence', in Charles Kindleberger (ed.), The International Corporation (1970), pp. 205-223.

9. Seminar: 'Theories of dependency: assumptions, concepts, and schools'
Lecture: 'From Theories of Imperialism to World System Theory'
Required Readings:
Theotonio Dos Santos, 'The Structure of Dependence', American Economic Review, vol. LX (1971), pp. 231-236.
Fernando Henrique Cardoso, 'Associated-Dependent Development. Theoretical and Practical Iimplications', in A. Stepan (ed.), Authoritarian Brazil: Origins, Policies and Future (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973), pp. 142-176.
Fernando Henrique Cardoso, 'The consumption of dependency theory in the United States', Latin American Research Review, vol. 12 (1977), pp. 7-24.
Gabriel Palma, 'Dependency and development. a critical overview', in Dudley Seers (ed.), Dependency Theory. A Critical Assessment (London: Frances Pinter, 1980), pp. 20-73.
Recommended Readings:
Immanuel Wallerstein, 'The Rise and Future Demise of the World-Capitalist System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis', reprinted in The Capitalist World Economy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974/79), pp. 387-415.

10. Seminar: 'The relevance of dependency theory for Central/Eastern Europe'
Lecture: 'The Brenner-Wallerstein Debate'
Recommended Readings:
Robert Brenner, 'The origins of capitalist development. A critique of Neo-Smithian Marxism', New Left Review, vol. 104 (1977), pp. 25-92.
Robert A. Denemark and Kenneth P. Thomas, 'The Brenner-Wallerstein Debate', International Studies Quarterly, vol. 32 (1988), pp. 47-65.
Andre Gunder Frank and his critics in Review of International Political Economy, vol. 1, no. 2 (1994)
Other readings: TBA

11. Seminar: 'Realist Policy in an Era of Détente: the case of Kissinger'
Lecture: 'Realist Thought and Praxis from Kennan to Kissinger: a synthesis'
Required Readings:
Henry A. Kissinger, A World Restored (1957), pp. 1-3. chapters IX-XI, XVII.
Henry A. Kissinger, White House Years (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1979), chapter III, pp. 54-70.
Recommended Readings:
Stanley Hoffmann, Primacy or World Order, chapter 2.


Digitized version prepared by the Curriculum Resource Center (CRC)
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Revised: April, 1996

Guz_TheorIR1.F94PS.v5


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