Stefano Guzzini
Term: Autumn1994
Faculty of Political Science, Budapest

Course Summary:

Weekly unit: lecture (wednesday, 14.00-15.30) and following seminar (monday, 14.00-15.30)
1. Seminar Participation (30%). Students are expected to read and to be prepared to discuss weekly assignments.
2. Seminar Work, incl. one presentation, briefings, resumes of book (30%).
3. Research (seminar) paper (40%), to be presented and discussed before the winter break. Final version due for the 17 January.


1.-2. General Introduction
Lecture: 'Introduction to Nuclear Strategy and Deterrence'
Required Readings:
Lawrence Freedman, The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy (London: Macmillan, 1983 or later revised editions).
Tom Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960 or 1980).

3.-6. Deterrence: Theory and Practice
3. Superpower strategies: US
Lecture: 'The strategy of containment: Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine'
Seminar: 'From Massive Retaliation to Flexible Response'
Required Readings:
John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), chapters 4-8, pp. 89-273.

4. Superpower strategies: USSR
Lecture: 'External and domestic sources of Soviet foreign policy'
Seminar: 'The development of Soviet strategic thought'
Required Readings:
Michael MacGwire, Perestrojka and Soviet National Security (Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1991), pp.

5. Middle-Power strategies: France and nuclear proliferation
Lecture: ' Une grande nation moyenne: politics of prestige and power'
Seminar: 'La strategie dufaible aufort'
Required Readings:
Lothar Ruehl, La politique militaire de la Ve Republique (Paris: Presses de la Fondation Nationale de Sciences Politiques, 1976).
Alfred Grosser, Affaires Exterieures (Paris: Flammarion, 1985) or English translation.

6. Case Study: The INF deployment in Europe
Lecture: 'German strategy from the Harmel Report to the double track decision'
Seminar: 'US and German strategy compared'
Required Readings:
Susanne Peters, The Germans and the INF Missiles: Getting Their Way in NATO's Strategy of Flexible Response (Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1990).

7.-11. Foreign Policy Analysis
7. Bureaucratic Politics
Lecture: 'The decision-making approach to International Relations'
Seminar: 'Allison's models and approach'
Required Readings:
Graham T. Allison, Essence of Decision (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1971).

8. The Cuba Crisis Revisited
Lecture: 'The link between bureaucratic and transnational politics'
Seminar: 'Allison's models and its critics'
Required Readings:
Stephen Krasner, 'Are Bureaucracies Important? (Or Allison's Wonderland)', Foreign Policy, vol. 7 (1972), pp. 159-179.
Steve Smith, 'Allison and the Cuban Missile Crisis: A Review of the Bureaucratic Politics Model of Foreign Policy Decision Making', Millennium, vol. 19, no. 1 (1980), pp. 2140.
Jonathan Bendor and Thomas H. Hammond, 'Rethinking Allison's Models', American Political Science Review, vol. 86, no. 2 (June 1992).

9. Cognitive approaches: operational code and cognitive map
Lecture: 'The study of crisis management'
Seminar: 'Operational code and cognitive map: assumptions and explanatory strategy'
Required Readings::
Alexander George, 'The Operational Code', International Studies Quarterly, vol. 13 (June 1969), pp. 190-222.
Ole Holsti, 'Foreign Policy Formation Viewed Cognitively', in R. Axelrod (ed.), Structure of Decision: The Cognitive Maps of Political Elites (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), pp. 18-54.
John Steinbrunner, Re-Cybernetic Theory of Decision (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), chapters 1-5.
Phil Williams, Crisis Management (London: Martin Robertson, 1976)

10. Cognitive approaches revisited: the study of belief systems
Lecture: 'From a cognitive to a cultural approach to decision-making?'
Seminar: 'The study of belief systems'
Required Readings: Robert Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Politics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976) .
Robert Jervis, 'War and Misperception', Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 18., no. 4, pp. 675-700.
Steve Smith, 'Belief systems and the Study of International Relations', in Steve Smith and Richard Little (eds), Belief Systems and International Relations (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988), pp. 11-36.
Richard Little, 'Belief systems and International Relations', in Steve Smith and Richard Little (eds), Belief Systems and International Relations, pp. 37-56.
Suggested Reading in the same volume: articles by J. MacLean, R. Tooze, and M. Dillon

11. Cognitive Approaches redimensioned: foreign policy discourse analysis
Lecture: 'Assumptions of discourse analysis'
Seminar: 'Different national foreign policy discourses compared'
Required Readings:
Ole Waever, 'Three Competing Europes: German, French, Russian', International Affairs (London), vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 477494. (more texts from Ole Waever TBA

Digitized version prepared by the Cuurriculum Resource Center (CRC)
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Revised: May 1996


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