SECURITY STUDIES AND THE AGENDA OF CONTEMPORARY DIPLOMACY
Stefano Guzzini
Term: Spring 1995
Department of Political Science, Budapest
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY


Course Summary

This course is based on the first term's course on "Strategic Studies/Foreign Policy Analysis". In a sense, it approaches the same problems from a slightly different angle, deepening the discussion about some of the issues. The first term introduced into different national foreign policy traditions, strategic thought and foreign policy decision-making models. This term will try to provide the theoretical background for, and empirical applications of, a more encompassing account of contemporary diplomacy.

The course will try to capture the recent practical changes in international politics through the redefinition of security. International politics thus redefined implies also a rethinking of what international policy means. Traditional diplomacy is confronted with an increase of both its constraints and its means. It touches new security issues. It is employed by many non-state actors.

Hence, the first part of the course will tackle recent redefinitions of "security", its broadening both on the conceptual and on the policy-level. The second part will concentrate on economic security at the micro-level of analysis. On the one hand, it takes the state as basic unit and touches different (economic) means of foreign policy, or Economic Statecraft. On the other, it introduces other international actors and their strategies in this security area (with its possible spill-overs). The third part will introduce into a comprehensive security analyses at the macrolevel. It will show how traditional security analysis can be applied to regional "security complexes" (as, for instance, Europe or the Middle East). It will also show how one can try to apply discourse analysis to security studies. Finally, newer, but therefore not less important, concerns of security will be approached. Here, the focus will mainly be on environmental (or ecological) and identity security.

Many of the readings and seminars are left open to allow students to fit in their particular interests. Whereas the theory debates are relatively well circumscribed, and therefore also its reading list, this course relies on a more demand-led organization.

Requirements:


1. Seminar presentation and paper (40%). Students are expected to prepare a paper, a version of which they present during one seminar for more general discussion. Hence, the presentation is not a simple synthesis of readings, but an independent development of a chosen topic. In order to provide the discussant (see below) and the seminar participants with the opportunity of preparing the discussion, the presentation must be ready one session in advance. The final version of the paper is due for the last week of the term.

2. Readings (20%). Students are expected to read their group's compulsory readings for individual sessions (indicated with an asterisk) and to prepare a one-page position paper (summary). Furthermore, all students should read the indicated (two) books that provide the basic information for the individual sections of the course.

3. Course summaries (20%). Students are expected to hand in a one-page summary of the courses for which they had no reading.

4. Discussant (20%). Students are expected to introduce the discussion of a paper of their
colleagues.

Syllabus

Introduction: new concepts of security

Lecture 1 (Monday, 16 January): Review of first term

Lecture 2 (Wednesday, 18 January): Introduction to "security studies"
Required Readings (Group 1 and 2):
Barry Buzan, "New patterns of global security in the twenty-first century", International Affairs, vol. 67, no. 3 (1991), pp. 431-451.

Lecture 3 (Monday, 23 January): Security - the Speech Act
Required Reading (Group 1 and 2):
Ole Waever, Securitization and Desecuritization (Copenhagen: Centre for Peace and Conflict Research, Working Paper 5/1993).

1. New means and actors: Economic diplomacy

Lecture 4 (Wednesday, 25 January): Economic Statecraft and Power Analysis
David Baldwin, Economic Statecraft (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1985), chapter
David Baldwin, Paradoxes of Power (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988).

Seminar 1 (Monday, 30 January): Negative and positive sanctions
Required Reading (Group 2):
David Baldwin, Economic Statecraft (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1985), chapter Bienen and Gilpin
David Baldwin, "The Power of Positive Sanctions"

Seminar 2 (Wednesday, 1 February): Financial diplomacy: "Banks International Ltd."
Required Reading (Group 1):
Irving S. Friedman, "Private Bank Conditionality: Comparison with the IMF and the World Bank", in John Williamson, ed., IMF Conditionality (Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics, 1983), pp. 109-124.
P. Mosley, G. Harrigan, J. Toye, eds, Aid and Power: The World Bank and policy-based lending. Vol. 1 (London and New York: Routledge, 1991).

Seminar 3 (Monday, 6 February): "Private" Diplomacy: the Foreign Policy of MNCs
Required Reading (Group 2):
John Stopford and Susan Strange, Rival States, Rival Firms (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), chapters
Susan Strange, "States, Firms and Diplomacy", International Affairs (London), vol. 68, no. 1 (1992), pp. 1-15.

Seminar 4 (Wednesday, 8 February): Supranational Diplomacy: the Economic Foreign
Policy of the European Community/European Union
Required Reading (Group 1):
Marjorie Lister, The European Community and the Developing World: The Role of the Lome Convention (Aldershot: Avebury, 1988).
David Buchan, Europe: The Strange Superpower (Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1993).
Geoffrey Edwards and Elfriede Regelsberger, eds., Europe's Global Links: The European Community and Inter-Regional Cooperation (London: Pinter, 1990).
Roy Ginsberg, The Foreign Policy Actions of the European Community (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1989).
Ole Norgaard et al., eds., The European Community in World Politics (London: Pinter).

2. Applied Security analysis (I): Regional security complexes

General reading.
Barry Buzan, People, States and Fear (Hemel Hampstead: Wheatsheaf, 1990).

Lecture 5 (Monday, 13 February): Analyzing Regional Security Complexes: The Middle Eastern Security Complex at the outbreak of the 2nd Gulf War
Required Reading (Group 2):
Stefano Guzzini, Power Analysis as a Critique of Power Politics, chapter 8.

Lecture 6 (Wednesday, 15 February): Analysing Regional Security Complexes: The Middle
Eastern Security Complex at the end of the 2nd Gulf War
Required Reading (Group 1):
Stefano Guzzini, Power Analysis as a Critique of Power Politics, chapter 10.

Seminar 5 (Monday, 20 February): Analyzing a Regional Security Complex: A Chosen Case
No Reading

3. Applied security analysis (II): new approaches
Lecture 7 (Wednesday, 22 February): Security discourse and national identity
Required Reading (Group 1 and 2):
David Campbell, Writing Security. United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity (Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1992), chapters 1-4, 6, 9 (approx. 140 pages)

Lecture 8 (Monday, 27 February): The 2nd Gulf War - revisited
Required Reading (Group 2):
Timothy W. Luke, "The Discipline of Security Studies and the Codes of Containment: Learning from Kuwait", Alternatives, vol. 16, no. 2 (Spring 1991), pp. 315-344.

Seminar 6 (Wednesday, 1 March): Foreign Policy Discourse: the case of ...
Reading (Group 1): TBA

4. Applied security analysis (III): the recent agenda

Lecture 9 (Monday, 6 March): Mapping the agenda from environmental to identity security
Required Reading (Group 2):
Ole Waever, "Societal security", in Ole Waever et al., Identity, Migration and the New Security Agenda in Europe (London: Pinter, 1993).

Seminar 7 (Wednesday, 8 March): Migration
Required Reading (Group 1):
Jeff Huysmans, "Migrants as a security problem: dangers of securitising societal issues", in R. Miles and D. Thränhardt, eds., Migration and European Integration: The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion (London: Pinter, 1994).

Seminar 8 (Monday, 13 March): The International Politics of Environment
Required Readings (Group 2):
Andrew Hurrell and Benedict Kingsbury, "The International Politics of the Environment: An Introduction", in their edited The International Politics of the Environment (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992), pp. 1-47.
Special issue of Millennium, vol. 19, no. 3 (1990).
C. Tickell, "The World after the Summit Meeting at Rio", The Washington Quarterly, Spring 1993.
Recommended Readings:
Harold and Margaret Sprout, Towards a politics of the planet earth (New York, 1971).
Frances Cairncross, Costing the Earth (London: Business Books, 1991).
Caroline Thomas, ed., Rio: Unravelling the Consequences (Ilford: Frank Cass, 1994).
Daniel C. Esty, Greening the GATT: Trade, Environment and the Future (Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics, 1994).

Seminar 9 (Wednesday, 15 March): Famine
Required Reading (Group 1): TBA

Seminar 10 (Monday, 20 March): International Organizations and Humanitarian Intervention
Required Reading (Group 2): TBA

Seminar 11 (Wednesday, 22 March): Ethnic conflicts
Required Readings(Group 1): TBA

Seminar 12 (Monday, 27 March):
Required Readings (Group 2): TBA

Lecture 10 (Wednesday, 29 March): Final assessment of the course


Digitized version prepared by the Curriculum Resource Center (CRC)
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Revised: April, 1996

Guz_SecurStu.S95PS.v5


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