STATE THEORIES AND CONCEPTIONS OF THE TRANSFORMATIVE STATE
Laszlo Bruszt
Winter 1995
Department of Political Sciences
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY



Course Description

What is the role of the state during economic transformation? What kind of state and which kinds of state activities most fit the requirements of economic regime change during simultaneous democratic consolidation? This course explores some possible answers to these questions which have been posed in a variety of theoretical and empirical literature. While the second half of the course will focus on East-Central Europe's specific transformative problems, special attention will also be given to the debate over the role of the state in economic development and democratic consolidation in the poor capitalist countries and weak democracies of the South, especially in Latin America. Insofar as the central questions guiding the course concern a variety of social science disciplines, the literature we will review is rather eclectic and focuses on important intersections of economic sociology, political science and economics.

The course will be divided in two sections: The first part of the course will be an overview of the major approaches to the question of the role of the state in modern capitalist societies, and of the discussion of the role of the state in economic development in developed and in the newly industrializing countries. Special attention will be given in this section to the interplay between private and public actors, state and non-state agencies, and different types of economic governance mechanisms in the reproduction and transformation of economic regimes. The second part of the course will concentrate on issues of the role of the state and the sources of the transformative capacities of different states in East-Central Europe.

Course Requirements
Attendance:
Attendance is expected for all lectures, and mandatory for discussion seminars.
Readings:
Students are expected to read all assigned readings the week for which they are assigned.
Weekly written assignments:
Students are to turn in a short summary of the main arguments of each of the assigned readings, as well as written questions about the readings, every Wednesday in class. The summaries should be concise, well organized and present the main ideas of the article.
Written examinations.
There will be one preliminary examination covering material from specific sections of the course, as well as a comprehensive final examination. Examinations will generally consist of short answers and essay questions.
Grading:
The breakdown of the course grading will be as follows: 40% Final examination, 30% Preliminary examination 5% Weekly written assignments 5% Seminar participation.

Syllabus

Week 1. Introduction
Required Readings:
David Held, "Central Perspectives on the Modern State", in David Held et al. (ed.) States and Societies Martin Robertson. Oxford 1983 pp. 1-55.
Theda Skocpol, "Bringing the State Back In: Strategies of Analysis in Current Research", in P.Evans, D.Rueschemeyer & T.Skocpol: Bringing the State Back In Cambridge University Press 1985 pp. 3-43
Recommended Reading:
K.Dyson The State Tradition in Western Europe Oxford: Martin

Week 2. Disorganized Capitalism - Neo-Marxist Perspectives on the State
Required Readings:
P.Dunleavy and B.O'Leary, Theories of the State Ch. 5. "Marxism -State Organization" MacMillan Education Ltd. 1987 pp. 236-271
Claus Offe "Competitive Party Democracy and the Keynesian Welfare State" in Claus Offe and John Keane Contradictions of the Welfare State Hutchinson 1984. pp. 179-207
Recommended Readings:
Held,D and Thompson,J.(eds) Habermas: Critical Debates London Macmillan 1982
Przeworski,A. Capitalism and Social Democracy Cambridge University Press 1985
Claus Offe Disorganized Capitalism: Contemporary Transformation of Work and Politics Cambridge Polity Press 1985 and The Contradictions of the Welfare State ,London Hutchinson 1984

Week 3. (Re) Organized Capitalism - Neo-Corporatist Perspectives
Required Readings:
Alan Cawson Corporatism and Political Theory , Blackwell 1986, Ch. 3-5. pp. 46-107
Alfred Stepan: The State and Society, Peru in a Comparative Perspective Princenton University Press 1978, Part 1.1. "Organic-Statist" Approaches to the State and Part 1.2. "Corporatism" and the State pp. 26-73.
Recommended Readings:
Schmitter,Ph. and G.Lehmbruch (ed) Trends Towards Corporatist Intermediation Sage 1979
Schmitter,Ph. "Still the Century of Corporatism?" Review of Politics N.36 1974
Suzan Berger (ed) Organizing Interests in Western Europe , Cambridge 1981

Week 4. The State as a Part of the Problem-Utilitarian and Public Choice Perspectives of the State
Required readings:
P.Dunleavy and B.O.Leary, Theories of the State Ch. 3."The New Right" pp. 72-136
Paul Streeten, "Markets and State: Against Minimalism" in World Development Vol. 21 No.8. pp. 1281-1993
Recommended Readings:
James M. Buchanan: Liberty, Market and State - Political Economy in the 1980s New York University Press, New York 1985
Mancur Olson The Rise and Decline of Nations , Yale University Press, New Haven, London 1982

Week 5. The State as a Part of the Solution: Neo-Webberian Perspectives on the State and the Political Theory of Reforms
Required Readings:
Peter Evans, "The State as Problem and Solution: Predation, Embedded Autonomy, and Structural Change" in Haggard and Raufmann (ed) The Politics of Economic Adjustment Princeton University Press 1992
Jacek Kochanowicz, "Reforming Weak States and Deficient Bureaucracies" in Joan Nelson (ed) Intricate Links: Democratization and Market Reforms in Latin America and Eastern Europe Overseas Development Council 1994
Recommended Readings:
Thomas Callaghy. "Toward State Capability and Embedded Liberalism in the Third World: Lessons for Adjustment", in Joan Nelson (ed)
Dietrich Rueschemeyer and Peter Evans "The State and Economic Transformation; Toward an Analysis of the Condition Underlying Effective Intervention" in P.Evans; D.Rueschemeyer; T.Skospol Bringing the State Back In Cambridge University Press 1985 pp. 44-77

Week 6. Between Market and State ( The Pig's and the System of Economic Governance )
Required Readings:
Wolfgang Streeck and Philippe C.Schmitter "Community, Market, State - and Associations ? The Prospective Contribution of Interest Governance to Social Order" in Streeck and Schmitter (ed) Private Interest Governments Sage Beverly Hills 1985 pp.
J.Rogers Hollingsworth and Leon N. Lindberg "The Governance of the American Economy: The Role of Markets, Clans, Hierarchies, and Associative Behaviour" in Streeck and Schmitter (ed) Private Interest Governments Sage Beverly Hills 1985 pp. 221-267
Recommended Readings:
Rogers Hollingsworth and Robert Boyer "Contemporary Capitalism -The Embeddedness of Institutions" Chapter 1. manuscript 1991
Helmut Wilke Die Entzeuberung des States: Uberlegungen zu Einer Sozietalen Steuerungstheorie Koenigstein, Atheneum 1983
John Campbell, J.R.Hollingsworth, Leon Lindberg Governance of the American Economy Cambridge University Press 1991

Week 7. The State in Post-Communist Transformation I. Remaking the Economic Institutions.
Required Readings:
Laszlo Bruszt and David Stark, "Restructuring Networks in the Transformation of Post-Socialist Economies" 1994 manuscript
Horst Kern and Charles F.Sabel "Between Pillar and Post -Reflections on the Treuhand's Uncertainty About What to Say Next" M.I.T. Nov. 1991 manuscript
Recommended Readings:
David Stark "Privatization in Hungary: From Plan to Market or From Plan to Clan ?" East European Politics and Societies 4:351-392
Gerald McDermott, "Rethinking the Ties that Bind - The Limits of Privatization in the Czech Republic" M.I.T. E-53 Cambridge ms.

Week 8. The State in the Post-Communist Transformation II. Remaking the Social role of the State
Required Readings:
Ulrike Gotting, "Destruction, Adjustment, and Innovation: Social Policy Transformation in East Central Europe" Centre for Social Policy Research, University of Bremen, ms.
Claus Offe, "The Politics of Social Policy in East European Transitions, Antecedents, Agents, and Agenda of Reform" ZeS Arbeirspapier Nr.2/93, Bremen: Centre for Social Policy Research
Recommended Readings:
Janos Kornai, "The Postsocialist Transition and the State: Reflections in the Light of the Hungarian Fiscal Problems"

Week 9: The State in Post-Communist Transformation III. The Fiscal Crisis Of post-Communist State
Required Readings:
John Campbell, "Reflections on the Fiscal Crisis of Post-Communist States" in J.Hausner and G.Mosur Transformation Processes in Eastern Europe: Western Perspectives and Polish Experience Krakow 1993 F.E.S.
Luiz Carlos Bresser Pereira, "The Crisis of the State Approach to Latin America" Instituto Sul-Norte De Politica Economica E Relacoes Internacionais, 1993
Recommended Readings:
Jerzy Hausner, "Financial Crisis of the State: Appearances and Causes" in J.Hausner and G.Mosur Transformation Processes in Eastern Europe: Western Perspectives and Polish Experience Krakow 1993 F.E.S.

Week 10: The State in Post-communist transformation IV. The Remaking of Industrial Relations
Required Readings:
Joan M.Nelson, "Organized Labor, Politics, and Labor Market Flexibility in Developing Countries" in The World Bank Research Observer, vol.6. No. 1. (January l991),pp. 37-56
Joan M.Nelson, "Labor and Business Roles in Dual Transitions: Building Blocks or Stumbling Blocks?" in Joan Nelson (ed) Intricate Links: Democratization and Market Reforms in Latin America and Eastern Europe Overseas Development Council 1994
Laszlo Bruszt, "Reforming Alliances: Workers, Managers and State Bureaucrats" ms.

Week 11:The Civic Aspect of the State
Required Readings:
Guillermo O'Donnel, "On the State Democratization and Some Conceptual Problems" Working Paper 192 April 1993 Kellogg Institute, the Notre Dame University, 1993
Charles Tilly, "War Making and State Making as Organized Crime" in P.Evans, D.Rueschemeyer and T.Skocpol Bringing the State Back In Cambridge 1985 pp. 169-191



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: July, 1996

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