Laszlo Bruszt
Fall 1995
Department of Political Science

Course Summary

The course offers a general conceptual basis to the understanding of the transformation of the political field and within it that of the political elites in post-communist societies. The first part of the course deals with the basic concepts necessary to analyze political elites. In this part we will focus on such concepts as the various types of capitals, the notion of field, the questions of representation and legitimation and the role of networks.

The second part of the course deals with selected topics on transformation of elites: the peculiarities of elites in state-socialist regimes; the differentiation of the class of apparatchiks and the resulting emergence of such "hybrid" elite groups as the "technokratchiks" and the "enterpratchiks"; the role of the different elite groups in the process of political regime change. In this part we will introduce several conceptions about the changing composition and characteristic of the new elites in post-communist societies. The course will make use of the first results of an encompassing comparative survey research on the transformation of elites in the region. Finally, this part of the course will deal also with the role of elite politics in economic transformation and democratic consolidation.

Course Requirements
Weekly written assignments:
Students are to turn in a short summary of the main arguments of each of the assigned readings, as well as written questions about the readings, every Wednesday in class. The summaries should be concise, well organized and present the main ideas of the article.
Midterm examination:
There will be one preliminary examination covering material from specific sections of the course. It will consist of short answers and essay questions.
Final paper:
Term papers should be research papers on a selected Eastern European country based partly on the sources available in the CEU Library, partly on the literature listed in the syllabus.
The breakdown of the course grading will be as follows:
40% Final paper
30% Midterm examination
15% Weekly written assignments
15% Seminar participation.

*Indicates required readings (others, background or recommended)



Week 1. Assets
Required readings:
*Pierre Bourdieu "The forms of Capital" in J.G.Richardson (ed.) Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, N.Y.Greenwoud Press 1983 pp. 241-258
Pierre Bourdieu "From Rules to Strategies" in P.Bourdieu In other Words pp.59-75
Pierre Bourdieu "Men and Machines", pp.305-315
Anthony Giddens "Elites in the British Class Structure" in J.Scott: The Sociology of Elites Vol 1. pp.345-372

Week 2. Fields
Required readings:
*P.Bourdieu & J.Wacquant "Interests, Habitus, Rationality" and "The Logic of Fields" both in Bourdieu and Wacquant Invitation to a Reflexive Sociology...pp. 94-115 and 115-140
*Pierre Bourdieu "The Genesis of the Concept of Habitus and of Field" in Sociocriticism Vol 2. Dec. pp. 11-23
Suggested reading:
Pierre Bourdieu "Flaubert's Point of View" in Critical Inquiry 14 Spring 1988 pp.539-562

Week 3. Representations I.
Required readings:
*Pierre Bourdieu "Political Representation - Elements for a Theory of the Political Field" and "Delegation and Political Fetishism" in Pierre Bourdieu: Language and Symbolic Power (Harvard University Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1991) pp. 171-220
Suggested Readings:
L.Boltanski: "The Invention of Cadres" in Boltanski: Making of a Class , Cambridge University Press 1987

Week 4. Representations II.
Required readings:
*H.Pitkin "The Problem of Thomas Hobbes"; "Representing Unattached Interests: Burke"; "Representing People Who Have Interests : Liberalism" in Pitkin The Concept of Representation (Cambridge University Press, London 1967) pp. 14-38 and 168-209
Suggested Readings:
Alain Desrosieres "How to Make "Things": The Contribution of Statistics to the Construction of Social Sciences" a lecture given at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin (ms)

Week 5. Legitimations.
Required readings:
*David Stark (Konrad & Szelenyi's)"Intellectuals on the Road to Class Power" in Coalition Politics at Work - New Class Configurations in Capitalist and State Socialist Societies PhD Dissertation, Harvard University 1982 pp. 191-236
*Pierre Bourdieu "Legitimation and Structured Interests in Weber's Sociology of Religion pp. 119-136


Week 6. The Differentiation of the Class of Apparatchiks
Required readings:
*M.M.Kovacs & A.Orkeny "Promoted Cadres and Professionals in Post-war Hungary" in: R.Andorka and L.Bertalan Economy and Society in Hungary Budapest 1986
Ivan Szelenyi "The Prospects and Limits of the East European New Class Project: An Autocritical Reflection on The Intellectuals on the Road to Class Power" in Politics and Society Vol.15 N.2 1986/87 pp. 103-144
Suggested Readings:
Erzsebet Szalai "Integration of Special Interests in the Hungarian Economy" in Journal of Comparative Economics Vol. 15, 1990 pp. 284-303
Kendall E.Bailes: Technology and Society under Lenin and Stalin, Chapters 7, 12 and the conclusions (Princeton University Press 1978)

Week 7. The Elites and the Regime Change
Required readings:
Jadwiga Staniszkis The Breakthrough in Eastern Europe. The Polish Experience. (Berkeley: University of California Press 1991) Ch. 1.
*Elemer Hankiss "The 'Grand Coalition"' in E.Hankiss East European Alternatives (Clarendon Press Oxford 1990) pp. 234-266
Richard Lachmann "Class Formation without Class Struggle: An Elite Conflict Theory of the Transition to Capitalism" American Sociological Review, 1990 Vol.55 (June) pp. 398-414

Week 8. Old and New Elites in Post-Communist Societies I.
Required readings:
Ivan Szelenyi and Szonja Szelenyi: "Introduction" to I.Szelenyi, E.Wnuk-Lipinski, D.Treiman "Circulation of Elites ?" Old and New Elites in Post Communist Societies pp. 3-31 manuscript
*Jozsef Borocz and Akos Rona Tas "Formation of the New Economic Elites", Chapter Six in I.Szelenyi, E.Wnut-Lipinski, D.Treiman: Circulation of Elites ? 0ld and New Elites in Post Communist Societies pp. 1-23, manuscript.
*Eva Fodor, Edmund Wnuk-Lipinski and Natasha Yershova "The New Political and Cultural Elite" Chapter Seven in I.Szelenyi, Edmund Wnuk-Lipinsti, D.Treiman: Circulation of Elites ? 0ld and New Elites in Post Communist Societies pp.1-20. manuscript
Suggested readings:
A.Rona-Tas & T.Kolosi "The First Shall Be Last ? The Social Consequences of the Transition from Socialism" (manuscript 1992)
Erzsebet Szalai "The New Elite" in Across Frontiers Fall/Winter 1989 pp. 25-29
A.Rona-Tas "The Selected and the Elected: The Making of the New Parliamentary Elite in Hungary" Paper Presented at the Congress of the Hungarian Sociological Association, Budapest 1991 (Manuscript)
Gy. Konrad and I.Szelenyi "Intellectuals and Domination in Post-Communist Societies" in P.Bourdieu Social Theory for a Changing Society, (Bouldner Co: Westview, 1991) pp. 337-364

Week 9: Old and New Elite in the Post-Communist Societies - Country Studies II.
Required readings:
*Eric Hanley, Natasha Yershova and Richard Anderson "Russia - Old Wine in a New Bottle?" Ch.2. in I.Szelenyi, B.Wnuk-Lipinski, D.Treiman: Circulation of Elites ? Old and New Elites Post Communist Societies, pp.1-23
*Jacek Wasilewski and Edmund Wnuk-Lipinski "Poland : Winding Road, From the Communist to the Post-Solidarity Elite" Ch.3. in I.Szelenyi, B.Wnuk-Lipinski, D.Treiman Circulation of Elites ? Old and New Elites in Post Communist Societies pp.1-24.
*Szonja Szelenyi, Ivan Szelenyi and Imre Kovach "The Fragmented Hungarian Elites: Circulation in Politics, Reproduction in Economy" Ch. 4. in I.Szelenyi, B.Wnuk-Lipinski, D.Treiman Circulation of Elites ? Old and New Elites in Post Communist Societies pp.1-20.

Week 10. Transformative State or Transformative Politics
Required readings:
*Claus Offe "Capitalism by Democratic Design ? Democratic Theory Facing the Triple Transition in East Central Europe" in Social Research, Vol 58. No.4 (Winter 1991) pp. 865-92
*David Stark "From System Identity to Organizational Diversity: Analyzing Social Change in Eastern Europe"

Week 11. Democratic Consolidation and Elite Politics
Required readings:
*Guillermo O'Donnell: "Delegative Democracy?" Working Paper Helen Kellogg Institute, March 1992
*John Highley and Richard Gunther Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe, (Cambridge University Press 1992 ); Introduction pp. 1-38 and Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe: an Overview, pp. 300-323
Callon and B.Latour "Unscrewing the Big Leviathan: How Actors Macro-Structure Reality and How Sociologists Help Them to Do So

Week 12. Justification of Representation in the New Political Field
Required readings:
*Charles Sabel "Constitutional Ordering in Historical Context" paper presented to the "Max Planck Institut fur Gesellschaftsforschung" Cologne 1991 (manuscript)
*Charles Sabel "Studied Trust: Building New Forms of Co-operation in a volatile economy" in F.Pyke & W.Sengenberger Industrial Districts and Local Economic Regeneration Geneva, ILO 1992, pp.215-249
Suggested Reading:
Laszlo Bruszt "Why On Earth Would Eastern Europeans Support Capitalism" manuscript

Week 13. Student Presentations

CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: July, 1996


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