COMPARATIVE FOREIGN POLICY
Winter Term 1996
Otto Pick
Department of International Relations and European Studies
Central European University


Course Description

When concentrating on the foreign policy of a particular country, it is often tempting to perceive the issues, processes and outcomes as being unique, the product of very special circumstances or the result of a particular history, political culture and institutional structure. While these specific factors are important, there are certain patterns common to all policy decisions, and there exists a "diplomatic culture" accepted by almost all states in the conduct of their foreign policy.

The primary aim of this course is to examine the features that most foreign policies have in common. Students will also be asked to write case studies comparing the policy approach of specific states in specific situations, thus applying this theoretical framework to real world.

Outline:
1. The nature of comparative political studies
(Read Sartori in "Comparing Nations")

2. Traditional Approaches : Foreign policy goals. States as "rational actors"
(Read Clarke and White, also Holsti)

Implementation of policy:

(Read East, Salmore & Herman)
3. Diplomacy, Negotiation and Bargaining

4. Coercion, Military Techniques and War

5. Economics and Foreign Policy. Sanctions. Aid and Trade. Resource Availability and Denial


The Policy process:

6. Decision-Making
(Read Allison)

7. Bureaucratic Politics
(Read Halperin)

The Domestic Context:

8. Perception and Foreign Policy : Media, Pressure Groups and Vested Interests
(Read Jervis)
9. Ideology and Morality in Foreign Policy
(Read Hare & Joynt)

Weeks 10 and 11 will be devoted to the preparation and discussion of case studies. Students should decide on the topic of their case study by the end of week 5; they will receive individual reading lists relating to their case study.


Required reading:
Holsti, K. International Politics
East, Salmon & Herman. Why Nations Act

Recommended reading:
Macridis, R., ed. Foreign Policy and World Politics. ( 7th edition)
Allison, G.T. The Essence of Decision
Rosati, Hagan & Samson, eds. 1994. Foreign Policy Restructuring : How Governments Respond to Global Challenge. U of S.Carolina.
Dogan, M. and Kazancigil A. 1994. Comparing Nations (esp.Ch. 1 on Comparative Method by Sartori). Blackwell.
Brecher, M. 1993. Crisis in World Politics .Pergamon.
Halperin, M . Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy.
Ikle, F.C. How Nations Negotiate.
Hare & Joynt. Ethics and International Affairs.
Deutsch, K. The Nerves of Government.
Jervis, R. Perception and Misperception in International Politics.
Clarke & White, eds. Understanding Foreign Policy.
Korany, B. How Foreign Policy Decisions Are Made in the Third World
George & Craig. Force and Statecraft: Diplomatic Problems of Our Time


CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: April, 1996


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