Winter Term 1996
Troy McGrath
Ernest Gellner
Department of International Relations and European Studies
Central European University

Course Description

This seminar is designed as a one-term course in the theoretical development of the study of nationalism, as it pertains to contemporary issues in International Politics. The lectures and discussions will cover various issue areas that affect nationalism, such as processes of democratization and economic modernization. Attendance at seminars is mandatory, as is completion of the assigned readings. Participation in discussions is also a requirement. In addition, each student must complete the following assignments:

1- several 1000-2000 word review essays on assigned topics,
2- a final paper for the course of approximately 5000-7500 words.

Essay topics for the papers must be approved by the instructor ahead of time.

I suggest that you consult the following sources for articles that may be reviewed:
Ethnic and Racial Studies, any issue.
Nationality Papers, any issue.
Daedalus, Special Issue on Nationalism, Summer 1993 (Articles by Gellner, Greenfeld, Tilly, Verdery, Nairn, Hall, and Mann.

Week 1: Introduction
Introductory lecture concerning traditional concepts, cases, and approaches to the study of nations and nationalism. Group assignments, and a discussion of the requirements for the projects/presentations and final essay.

Week 2: Origins Of Nationalism
In weeks II and III we will concentrate on the following issues:
When and how did the Nation arise? When did ethnic or national groups become politically significant?

Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, Chapter 1.
Walker Connor, "A Nation is a Nation, is a State..." Ethnic and Racial Studies, Volume I, No. 4, 1978.
Anthony Smith, Ethnic Origins, Chapters 6-7.
J. Breuilly, "Reflections on Nationalism [a review of Gellner, Nations and Nationalism]," Phil. Social Sciences, Vol. 15,(1985), pp. 65-75.

Supplementary Reading:
Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, passim.
M. Sahlins, "The Segmentary Lineage: Instrument of Predatory Expansion," American Anthropologist, # 63, 1961, pp. 322-45.

Week 3: Theoretical And Analytical Approaches To Nationalism
E. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism Since 1780, Chapter 6.
Charles Tilly, "States and Nationalism in Europe 1492-1992," Theory and Society, Volume 23, pp. 131-146.
E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger, The Invention of Tradition, Chapt. 1.
Joseph Rothschild, Ethnopolitics, Introduction and Chapter 1.

Supplementary Reading:
A. Smith, "The Origins of Nations," Oxford International Review, Winter 1993.
Vernon Van Dyke, "The Individual, the State, and Ethnic Communities in Political Theory," World Politics, Volume 29, No. 3, April 1977, pp. 343-369.
Nathan Glazer and Daniel Moynihan, Ethnicity, Introduction, as well as any of the first five chapters.

Week 4: War, State-Building, Military Mobilization And Nationalism
How will state-building and military mobilization in the anarchical post-Soviet international system affect the relationship between nationalism and war?

Cynthia Enloe, Ethnic Soldiers: State Security in Divided Societies, Introduction and Conclusion.
John Comaroff and Paul Stern, "New Perspectives on Nationalism and War," Theory and Society, pp. 35-45.
Anthony Smith, "Ethnic Identity and Territorial Nationalism in Comparative Perspective," in Alex Motyl, Thinking Theoretically About Nationalism, Chapter 3.
Liah Greenfeld and Daniel Chirot, "Nationalism and Aggression," Theory and Society, Volume 23, 1994, pp. 79-130.

Supplementary Reading:
D. Waller, "Ethnic Mobilization and Geopolitics in the Soviet Union," Journal of Pol. and Military Sociology, Summer 1992.
Charles Tilly, Coercion, Capital, and European States, chapters 3-4.

Week 5: Transition, Democratization And Nationalism
Nationalism has been associated with the idea of popular sovereignty, while increase in mass involvement in politics has been linked with aggressive nationalism. What effect will democratization have on nationalism in newly emerging states and those emerging from Soviet/Communist domination?

Michael Urban, "The Politics of Identity in Russia's Postcommunist Transition: The Nation Against Itself," Slavic Review, Volume 53, no. 3, Fall 1993, pp. 733-65.
Rogers Brubaker, "Nationhood and the National Question in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Eurasia: An Institutionalist Account," Theory and Society, Volume 23, 1994, pp. 47-78.
V. Zaslavsky, "Nationalism and Democratic Transition in Post Communist Societies," Daedalus, Spring 1992, pp. 97-122.
John Hall, Nationalisms: Classified and Explained," Daedalus, Spring 1992, pp. 1-28.

Supplementary Reading:
Donald Horowitz, A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society, Chapters 5-6.
J. Linz and A. Stepan, "Political Identities and Electoral Sequences: Spain, Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia," Daedalus, Spring 1992, pp. 123-39.

Week 6: Economic Modernization And Change As A Cause Of Nationalism
What are the "Nationalism" implications of industrialization, shock therapy, sudden exposure to world trade, and abrupt economic adjustments for contemporary economic policy choices?

S. Newman, "Does Modernization Breed Ethnic Conflict?" World Politics, April 1991, pp. 451-478.
E. Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, chapters 3-4, 8.
Walker Connor, "Eco- or Ethno-Nationalism," Ethnic and Racial Studies, Volume 7, 1984.
F. Nielson, "Toward a Theory of Ethnic Solidarity in Modern Societies," American Sociological Review, April 1985, pp. 133-149.
Anthony Mughan, "Moderation, Deprivation, and the Distribution of Power Resources: Toward a Theory of Ethnic Conflict," New Community, Volume V, No. 4, Spring-Summer 1977, pp. 360-370.

Supplementary Reading:
K. Polanyi, The Great Transformation, Chapter 19.
T. Nairn, The Break-up of Britain.

Week 7: The Nationalist Revival and International Conflict (Part I)
Nationalism and Hypernationalism: definitions, types, causes, consequences. When is nationality the most salient criterion for forming political groups? What does international relations theory have to contribute to an understanding of contemporary nationalist conflict?

D. Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Chapter 2, and passim.
Tedd Gurr, Minorities at Risk, Chapters 2-4.
Eric Nordlinger, Conflict Regulation in Divided Societies, Harvard University Center for International Affairs, Occasional Paper #29, 1972.
Myron Weiner, "The Macedonian Syndrome," World Politics, Volume 23, No. 4, July 1971.

Supplementary Reading:
Donald Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Chapters 14-16.
James Mayall, Nationalism and International Society.
Milton Esman, Ethnic Conflict in the Western World, chapters 1-2.

Week 8: The Nationalist Revival And International Conflict (Part II)
Algis Prazauskas, "Ethnic Conflicts in the Context of Democratizing Political Systems, Theory and Society, Volume 20, 1991, pp. 581-602.
Renee de Nevers, "Democratization and Ethnic Conflict," and, Barry Posen, "The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict," both in Michael Brown, ed., Ethnic Conflict and International Security, pp. 61-78, and pp. 103-24.
Joseph Rothschild, "Nationalism and Democratization in East
Central Europe," Nationality Papers, Volume 22, No. 1,Spring 1994, pp. 27-34.

Supplementary Reading:
John Armstrong, "National Liberation and International Balance," Nationality Papers, Vol. 22, No. 1, Spring 1994, pp. 11-25.

Week 9: Global Change And The Future Of Nationalism: Management Alternatives And Policy Prescriptions
How will emerging global trends in the realms of economics, culture, or security affect the future of nationalism? What types of measures would produce favorable outcomes in dealing with nationalist tensions and conflicts? Under what conditions are these likely to be successful? What is the likelihood that they will be attempted, and what are the obstacles involved?

Anthony Smith, "National Identity and European Unification," International Affairs, Volume 68, No. 1, January 1992.
Jenonne Walker, "International Mediation of Ethnic Conflicts," in Michael Brown, ed., Ethnic Conflict and International Security, pp. 165-80.
Samuel Huntington, "The Clash of Civilizations," Foreign Affairs, Summer 1993, pp. 23-49.
Mark Juergensmeyer, The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State, Chapter 1.
A. Richmond, "Ethnic Nationalism and Post-Industrialism," Ethnic and Racial Studies, January 1984.

Supplementary Reading:
Michael Brown, Ethnic Conflict and International Security, chapters on refugees, mediation, and intervention.
E. Gellner, "Nationalism in the Vacuum," in A. Motyl, Thinking Theoretically about Nationalism, pp. 243-54.

Week 10: Global Change And The Future Of Nationalism (Part II)
Jack Snyder, "Nationalism and the Crisis of the Post-Soviet State," in Michael Brown, Ethnic Conflict and International Security.
S. Van Evera, "Managing the Eastern Crisis: Preventing War in the Former Soviet Empire," Security Studies, Spring 1992, pp. 361-381.
Anthony Smith, "The Supercession of Nationalism?" International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Volume 31, Nos. 1-2, January-April 1990.
John G. Ruggie, "Territoriality and Beyond," International Organization, Winter 1993.

Supplementary Reading:
Paul Kennedy, "The Decline of the Nationalistic History in the West, 1900-1970," Journal of Contemporary History, January 1973, pp. 77-100.
Miroslav Hroch, Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe.

Week 11: Management Alternatives And Policy Prescriptions
What types of measures would produce favorable outcomes in dealing with nationalist tensions and conflicts? Under what conditions are these likely to be successful? What is the likelihood that they will be attempted, and what are the obstacles involved?

Donald Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Chapters 14-16.
Ted Hopf, "Managing Soviet Disintegration," International Security, Summer 1992.
Rogers Brubaker, "Aftermaths of Empire and the Unmixing of Peoples: Historical and Comparative Perspectives," in J. Azrael, ed., Migration Within and From the Former USSR.
I. Lustick, "Stability in Deeply Divided Societies: Consociationalism versus Control," World Politics, Volume 31, 1979.

CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: April, 1996


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