The purpose of the course is to introduce the political and economic history of the 20th Century in order to explain the transition from the state system of the 19th Century to the present-day system of nation-states. The course will introduce the concept of liberal democracy as a paradigm for political and economic organization in contrast to right- and left-wing authoritarian models.
The course will meet over an eleven week period, with two lectures and one group discussion period per week. Students will be asked to prepare short reading assignments (c. 100 pp.) and to write brief essays (c. 500 wds.) on the readings for every second week. Students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation (20 percent), short writing assignments (40 percent) and final examination (40 percent). The course is organized around a small number of basic texts and supplemental reading materials.
Craig, Gordon A.. (1972). Europe Since 1914. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, third edition.
Gilbert, Felix and David Clay Large (1991). The End of the European Era, 1890 to the Present. New York: Norton, fourth edition.
Joll, James (1990). Europe Since 1870: An International History. New York: Penguin.
Lacqueur, Walter (1993). Europe in Our Time: A History, 1945 - 1992. New York: Penguin.
Roberts, J.M. (1989). Europe: 1880-1945. London: Longman, second edition.
Calleo, David P. (1982). The Imperious Economy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gourevitch, Peter (1986). Politics in Hard Times: Comparative Responses to Economic Crises. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kindleberger, Charles P. (1986). The World in Depression, 1929 - 1939. Berkeley: University of California Press, revised and enlarged edition.
Schlesinger, Arthur M. (1957). The Crisis of the Old Order. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Week 1. The Great War and the Dawn of the Age of Nations (EJ/TMG)
a) Self Determination and the Liberal Market Economy
b) The Russian Revolution and the Communist International
Week 2. Vacillation 1919 - 1932 (EJ/TMG)
a) Economic Nationalism and the Great Depression
b) Authoritarianism from Left and Right
Week 3. Conflict 1932 - 1945 (EJ/TMG)
a) Social Democracy, Popular Fronts and New Deals
b) Isolationism, Appeasement, and the Second World War
Week 4. From Conflict to Division 1945 - 1949 (EJ/TMG)
a) Reconstruction, Currency Reform, and the Economic Division of Europe
b) The New World Order and the Origins of the Cold War
Week 5. Division 1950 - 1957 (EJ/TMG)
a) Warfare States to Welfare States
b) Decolonization and the New Imperialism
Week 6. Division 1957 - 1968 (EJ/TMG)
a) Technology, Terror, and the End of Ideology
b) Movement behind the Iron Curtain: Budapest to Berlin to Prague
Week 7. Acceptance 1968 - 1979 (EJ/TMG)
a) Social Change and Economic Crisis
b) Detente, Ostpolitik, and the Vietnam Syndrom
Week 8. Rejection 1979 - 1985 (EJ/TMG)
a) The Thatcher Revolution: Neoliberalism
b) The Reagan Revolution: Anticommunism
Week 9. Rejection 1985 - 1989 (EJ/TMG)
a) Franco-German Entente and the Relaunching of Europe
b) Gorbachev and the Reform of the Soviet Empire
Week 10. Consolidation 1989 - 1991 (TMG/EJ)
a) The Velvet Revolutions and the Monopolar World
b) The Economic Consequences of the Peace
Week 11. Consolidation 1991 - Present (TMG/EJ)
a) Democratization and Ethnic Nationalism in East-Central Europe
b) Indecision, Anomie, and the New Isolationism
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