With the end of the "cold war", the concept of security is undergoing fundamental reappraisal. Institutions set up to cope with threats and risks which have been transformed by changes in the geopolitical and geostrategic situation are struggling to define new roles and find a new reason for their continued existence.
The course will attempt to examine the relevance of past concepts and possibly obsolescent institutions to the present situation, with special emphasis on European issues. It will also try to discuss the possibilities of seeking fresh solutions to new problems. In more general terms, the course will also investigate the development of theories regarding the nature of war and the roots of the state's quest for security.
Week 1. Concepts: Just and Unjust Wars. Total and Limited Wars. Persuasion and Coercion in pursuing policy objectives. Security dilemma.
Week 2. The Nuclear Factor: Deterrence Theory. Escalation.
Week 3. Continental and maritime strategies - Clausewitz, Mahan, Dohet and Mao. "Wars of national liberation." Low intensity conflicts.
Week 4. Terrorism.
Week 5. European security - institutions (NATO, WEU, CSCE)
Week 6. European security - threat perceptions and non-military responses.
Week 7. Environmental threats.
Week 8. The arms trade - proliferation risks.
Week 9. Arms control and disarmament as factors of the foreign policy process.
Week 10. Conflict management and conflict prevention.
Week 11. Peace-keeping and peace-making. The UN role.
(Students should read all three books during the first semester, preferably starting with Shultz, Godson and Greenwood.)
Carey &;Glamod, eds., International Security in the Modern World.
Buzan, B.: An Introduction to Strategic Studies.
Shultz, Godson, Greenwood, eds.: Security Studies for the 1990`s. Brasseys, London, ISBN 0-02-881072-4.
Freedman, L., War.
Paret. P., Makers of Modern Strategy.
Howard, M., The Causes of War.
Walz, M., Just Unjust Wars.
Paret as above
Wilkinson, P., ed. Technology and Terrorism.
Pick, O., The Cold War Legacy in Europe.
Haglund, MacFarlane and Sokolsky, eds.: NATO`s Eastern Dilemmas.
Lucas ,M., ed. 1993. The CSCE in the 1990`s. Nomos, Baden-Baden, ISBN 3-7890-3213-1.
Council on For. Relations. 1995. Should NATO Expand? New York.
Pugh, M.C., ed. 1992. European Security towards 2000. Manchester.
Weiss, T.G., ed. 1993. Collective Security in a Changing World. Westview.
Weiner, M. 1993. International Migration and Security. Westview.
Freedman, L. Military Power in Europe.
Shea, J. NATO 2000.
Prins, G. 1993. Threats Without Enemies. Earthscan, London.
Kanonen, J., ed. Green Security or Militarized environment.
Burrows and Windrem. 1994. Critical Mass. Simon &; Schuster.
Barnaby, F. The Role and Control of Weapons.
Landgren, S. 1995. From Arms Control to Disarmament. Oxford UP.
Bauwens and Reychler, eds. The Art of Conflict Prevention.
Brown, M. Ethnic Conflict and International Security.
Davies, L.E. Peacekeeping and Peacemaking After the Cold War.
Diehl, P.F. International Peacekeeping.
General background reading:
Sandoltz, W. The Highest Stakes - the Economic Foundations of Security. Oxford UP.
Dewitt, Haglund and Kirton, eds. Building a New Global Order.
Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal of Strategic Studies
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