COMPARATIVE SOCIAL WELFARE
Winter Term1995
Claire Wallace
CEU Department of Sociology
Martin Potucek
Charles University Prague
for European Studies Department
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY



Course Outline

The course aims to provide a basic intellectual framework for understanding social welfare in different industrial societies through an examination on theories of welfare and some description of how welfare states developed. However another very important aim of the course is to see how these general ideas can be applied to the situation in post-communist countries of East-Central Europe through some analysis of the communist welfare regimes and how these have been transformed in the course of transition. Some concrete case studies of different countries will be used along with a study of different aspects of welfare in order to understand how this happens in practice. Finally, there will be some sessions concentrating upon the methods of studying welfare regimes in comparative perspective. At the end of the course the students should have an understanding of how different welfare systems operate and how they can be studied.

This course will run as a 10 week option, with two hours of lecture per week. It will compare developments of the welfare states in both Western and Eastern Europe.

Examination: One essay (ca. 3.000 words) is required for the course and it must be submitted by April 15, 1995. Essays will normally be written on topics introduced in lectures. In addition, each participant of the course will give an oral presentation on the selected topic (ca. 15 minutes) at least once during the term. The final course grade will be calculated as a result of the evaluation of the oral presentation (25 %) and the written essay. (75 %).

Course Classification:
"History, theory and typologies of the welfare state. Methodology of comparative social research. Comparative perspective in poverty and social stratification, social security, health care and family policy. Post-communist social policies in Central and Eastern Europe."

1. History of Welfare States

Flora, P. and Heidenheimer, A.J.,1990, The Development of Welfare States in Europe and in America, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick and London
De Swaan, A., 1988, In Care of the State, Polity
Beveridge, W., 1942, Social Insurance and Other Services, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London
Dixon, J., 1989, Social Welfare in Developed Market Countries, Routledge, London and New York
Rimlinger, G.V., 1971, Welfare Policy and Industrialisation in Europe, America and Russia. John Wiley and Sons. New York

Ashford, D.E., 1986, The Emergence of the Welfare States. Blackwell, Oxford

2.Theory of Welfare States
Dahrendorf, R., 1985, Law and Order, London
George, V. - Wilding, P., 1985, Ideology and Social Welfare, Routledge, London and New York
Hayek, F.A., 1986, The Road to Serfdom, Ark Paperbacks, London
Marshall, T.H., 1950, Citizenship and Social Class, CUP, Cambridge
Mishra, R., 1981, Society and Social Policy, Macmillan, London
Titimuss, R.M., 1979, Social Policy, George Allen &;Unwin, London

3. Typology of Welfare States
Esping - Anderson, G., 1990, The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, Polity Press, Cambridge
De Deken, J.J., 1991, Each According to his Ability or Each According to his Needs, European University Intitute, Florence
Loney et al., 1985, Social Policy and Social Welfare, OUP, Philadelphia
Wilenski, H.L. - Turner, L., 1987, Democratic Corporatism and Policy Linkages, Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley

4. Methodology of Comparative Research (Stein Ringen, Oxford, Department of Sociology)
Heidenheimer, A.J. et al., eds., 1990, Comparative Public Policy, Macmillan, London
Castles, F., ed., 1989, The Comparative History of Public Policy, Polity Press, Cambridge
Barr, N., 1987, The Economics of the Welfare State, Weidenfeld &;Nicholson, London
Ringen, S., 1987, The Possibility of Politics, OUP, Oxford
Hantrais, L. - Mangen, S. - O'Brien, M., 1985, Doing Cross-National Research, Aston Modern Languages Club, Birmingham
Castles, F., ed., 1989, The Comparative History of Public Policy, Polity Press, Cambridge

5. Poverty and Social Stratification (Stein Ringen)
Ringen S., 1987, The Possibility of Politics, OUP, Oxford
Ringen, S., 1992, The Experience of Income Redistribution, Norwegian Statistical Office, Oslo
Le Grand, J., 1982, The Strategy of Equality: Redistribution and the Social Services, Allen &;Unwin, London
OECD, 1985, Social expenditure 1960 - 1990, OECD, Paris
Smeeding, T.M. et al., eds., 1990, Poverty, Inequality and Income Distribution in Comparative Perspective: The Luxemboug Income Study, Harvester/Wheatsheaf, London
Atkinson, A.B. - Micklewright, J., 1992, Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income, CUP, Cambridge

6. Social Security
Pieters, D., 1991, Social Security in Europe, Bruylant, Brussels
Welfare in a Civil Society, 1993, European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna

7. Health Care
Welfare in a Civil Society, 1993, European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna The World Bank, 1993, World Development Report 1993, Investing in Health. OUP, Oxford

8. Family Policy (Zsuzsa Ferge)
Dumon, W. et al., 1992, National Family Policies in EC-countries in 1991, Vol. I, II, European Communities, Brussels
Welfare in a Civil society, 1993, European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna

9. Social Welfare Profiles of Individual Countries: Hungary (Zsuzsa Ferge)
Ringen, S. - Wallace, C., eds., 1994, Societies in Transition: East - Central Europe Today, Avebury, Aldershot
Ferge, Zs. - Kolberg, J.E., eds., 1992, Social Policy in a Changing Europe, Campus and Westview, Boulder, Colorado

10. Social Welfare Profiles of Individual Countries: Czech Republic
Czech Sociological Review, Vol. I, No. 2 , Fall 1993 (the issue of Social Policy)
Ringen, S. - Wallace, C., eds., 1994, Societies in Transition: East - Central Europe Today, Avebury, Aldershot
Ringen, S. - Wallace, C., eds. (forthcoming) Prague Papers in Social Transition. Vol. II: Social reform in the Czech Republic, CEU Press, Prague
Potucek, M., Current Social Policy Developements in the Czech and Slovak Republics. JESP, 3, 1993, No. 3, pp. 209-226


EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS / ESSAY TOPICS:
Identify main similarities and differences of social welfare regimes in Western and Eastern Europe before 1989.
Account for the development of different welfare provision systems in different parts of Europe.
It is appropriate to use western models of welfare as blue prints for the ex-communist countries?
What are the main methodological problems in comparing social welfare in different countries?
Discuss main typologies of western welfare states and evaluate their applicability to
Eastern Europe.
Reforming social welfare (social security, health care, family policy, etc.) in selected CEE country(ies) - main barriers and developmental opportunities.
Social welfare profile of a CEE country - history, present shape, future development.
Poverty and social citizenship in CEE region.
Students will be encouraged to develop their own essay topics in consultation with the instructor.



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: August, 1996


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